Year 2020, Volume 28 , Issue 46, Pages 349 - 370 2020-10-31

Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama
Economic Analysis of Crime: An Application on Turkey and European Countries

Zübeyde ŞENTÜRK ULUCAK [1] , Faik BİLGİLİ [2]


Suç hem mikro iktisadi açıdan hem de makro iktisadi açıdan toplumlar ve ekonomiler için önemli tehditler içermektedir. Mikro analizlerde gelir, işsizlik, eğitim, eşitsizlik gibi değişkenlerin suç üzerindeki etkileri araştırılmaktadır. Makro analizlerde ise suçun rekabet gücünü azaltacağı, yabancı yatırımcıları caydıracağı, özel ve kamu fonlarının suç önlemeye yönelik verimsiz alanlara aktarılmasına sebep olacağı değerlendirilmektedir. Bu çalışma Türkiye’nin dahil edildiği 25 Avrupa ülkesinde, suçun sosyoekonomik belirleyicilerini ve ekonomik büyüme üzerindeki etkisini analiz etmektedir. Elde edilen sonuçlar gelir, eğitim, refah düzeyinin suçları negatif; işsizlik, fiyat artışı ve eşitsizliğin ise suçları pozitif etkilediğini göstermektedir. Ayrıca, sonuçlar suçun ekonomik büyüme üzerinde negatif etkiye sahip olduğunu doğrulamaktadır.
The crime creates important threats for societies and economies in terms of both microeconomic and macroeconomic theory. From the microeconomic perspective, the effects of variables such as income, unemployment, education, and inequality on crime are investigated while macroeconomic analyses focus on the negative effects of crime on economic growth since it decreases competitiveness, deters foreign investors, and increases inefficient public expenditures. This study analyses socioeconomic determinants of crime and the impact of crime on economic growth by using panel data techniques for the data of 25 European countries in which Turkey as well is included for the period 1993-2012. Empirical results indicate that income, education and welfare level rises decrease crime while unemployment, price level and inequality increase it. In addition, empirical results confirm that the crime has a negative impact on economic growth.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social, Economics
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4592-1853
Author: Zübeyde ŞENTÜRK ULUCAK (Primary Author)
Institution: ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4138-6897
Author: Faik BİLGİLİ
Institution: ERCIYES UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Erciyes Üniversitesi BAP Birimi
Project Number SDK-2017-7228
Dates

Publication Date : October 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi685258, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2020}, volume = {28}, pages = {349 - 370}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16}, title = {Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama}, key = {cite}, author = {Şentürk Ulucak, Zübeyde and Bi̇lgi̇li̇, Faik} }
APA Şentürk Ulucak, Z , Bi̇lgi̇li̇, F . (2020). Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama . Sosyoekonomi , 28 (46) , 349-370 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16
MLA Şentürk Ulucak, Z , Bi̇lgi̇li̇, F . "Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama" . Sosyoekonomi 28 (2020 ): 349-370 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/57521/685258>
Chicago Şentürk Ulucak, Z , Bi̇lgi̇li̇, F . "Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama". Sosyoekonomi 28 (2020 ): 349-370
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama AU - Zübeyde Şentürk Ulucak , Faik Bi̇lgi̇li̇ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 349 EP - 370 VL - 28 IS - 46 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama %A Zübeyde Şentürk Ulucak , Faik Bi̇lgi̇li̇ %T Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama %D 2020 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 28 %N 46 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16
ISNAD Şentürk Ulucak, Zübeyde , Bi̇lgi̇li̇, Faik . "Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama". Sosyoekonomi 28 / 46 (October 2020): 349-370 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16
AMA Şentürk Ulucak Z , Bi̇lgi̇li̇ F . Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama. Sosyoekonomi. 2020; 28(46): 349-370.
Vancouver Şentürk Ulucak Z , Bi̇lgi̇li̇ F . Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama. Sosyoekonomi. 2020; 28(46): 349-370.
IEEE Z. Şentürk Ulucak and F. Bi̇lgi̇li̇ , "Suçun İktisadi Analizi: Türkiye ve Avrupa Ülkeleri Üzerine Bir Uygulama", Sosyoekonomi, vol. 28, no. 46, pp. 349-370, Oct. 2020, doi:10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.04.16