Year 2021, Volume 29 , Issue 47, Pages 59 - 78 2021-01-25

Türk Şeker Üretiminin Özelleştirme Öncesi ve Sonrası Teknik Etkinliğinin Değerlendirilmesi
Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods

Yetkin ÇINAR [1] , Kazım ATICI [2] , Cem MENTEN [3]


2018 yılında Türk şeker sanayisi büyük ölçekli bir özelleştirmeyi tecrübe etmiştir. O yıl, 33 şeker fabrikasından 10 adeti özelleştirilmiştir. Bu araştırmanın amacı, bu özelleştirmelerin fabrikaların Teknik etkinliğine olan etkisini gözlemlemektir. Bu amaçla ülkenin çeşitli bölgelerinde yer alan 31 adet fabrikanın verisi kullanılmaktadır. Teknik etkinlik, Veri Zarflama Analizi (VZA), Malmquist Verimlilik Endeksi ile Alternatiflerin sıralı hariç tutulmasına dayalı VZA yöntemleri kullanılarak iki dönem için değerlendirilmektedir: özelleştirme öncesi (Eylül 2017 - Ağustos 2018) ve özelleştirme sonrası (Ağustos 2018 - Eylül 2019). Sonuçlar, öncelikle, analiz edilen dönemler arasında genel anlamda bir etkinlik düşüşüne işaret etmektedir. Bununla beraber, özelleşen fabrikalar etkinlikte artış gösteren tek alt küme olmaktadır. Araştırma, etkin olmayan fabrikalar için alternatiflerin sıralı hariç tutulmasına dayalı VZA kullanılarak elde edilen referans kümelerini de sunmaktadır. Çalışma ayrıca bu metodun gelecek uygulamalarına bir kavrayış sağlama amacına yönelik parametre değerlerinin değiştirilmesine dayanan testler de içermektedir.
The sugar production sector of Turkey has undergone a large-scale privatization in 2018. Since then, 10 out of 33 sugar factories have been privatized. The objective of this research is to investigate the effects of the privatization on the technical efficiency of the sugar factories. For this purpose, the data of 31 factories operating in different parts of the country are utilized. We evaluate the efficiency before and after privatization in two periods: pre-privatization (September 2017 - August 2018) and after-privatization (August 2018 - September 2019) using Data Envelopment Analysis, Malmquist Productivity Index and DEA by Sequential Exclusion of Alternatives methods. First, while results derived from all models reveal a technical efficiency decline among factories in general, the privatized factories stand out as the only subset that experience an increase in technical efficiency for the period analysed. Secondly, the benchmarks for the inefficient factories are identified in the short term and the long term using ‘DEA by Sequential Exclusion of Alternatives’ to assist improvement decisions. Finally, the research presents some methodological insights on the application of the ‘DEA by Sequential Exclusion of Alternatives’ approach by experimenting with changing parameters that have the potential to aid future applications.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4710-0346
Author: Yetkin ÇINAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Ankara University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0786-9641
Author: Kazım ATICI
Institution: Hacettepe University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0259-3770
Author: Cem MENTEN
Institution: Hacettepe University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 25, 2021

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi756360, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2021}, volume = {29}, pages = {59 - 78}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03}, title = {Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods}, key = {cite}, author = {Çınar, Yetkin and Atıcı, Kazım and Menten, Cem} }
APA Çınar, Y , Atıcı, K , Menten, C . (2021). Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods . Sosyoekonomi , 29 (47) , 59-78 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03
MLA Çınar, Y , Atıcı, K , Menten, C . "Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods" . Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 59-78 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/59997/756360>
Chicago Çınar, Y , Atıcı, K , Menten, C . "Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods". Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 59-78
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods AU - Yetkin Çınar , Kazım Atıcı , Cem Menten Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 59 EP - 78 VL - 29 IS - 47 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods %A Yetkin Çınar , Kazım Atıcı , Cem Menten %T Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods %D 2021 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 29 %N 47 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03
ISNAD Çınar, Yetkin , Atıcı, Kazım , Menten, Cem . "Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods". Sosyoekonomi 29 / 47 (January 2021): 59-78 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03
AMA Çınar Y , Atıcı K , Menten C . Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(47): 59-78.
Vancouver Çınar Y , Atıcı K , Menten C . Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(47): 59-78.
IEEE Y. Çınar , K. Atıcı and C. Menten , "Evaluating Technical Efficiency of Turkish Sugar Production in Pre and Post Privatization Periods", Sosyoekonomi, vol. 29, no. 47, pp. 59-78, Jan. 2021, doi:10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.01.03