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Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler

Year 2021, Volume 29, Issue 49, 455 - 481, 30.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23

Abstract

Yükselen Ekonomiler için en önemli enerji kaynağı ya yenilenebilir enerji ya da enerjinin tasarruflu, verimli ve etkin kullanılmasıdır. Bu çalışma da 23 Yükselen Ekonomi için 1990-2018 döneminde enerji etkinliğini açıklayıcı talep yanlı faktörler araştırılmıştır. Model tahmini için Ortak İlişkili Etkiler Ortalama Grup (CCEMG) ile Genişletilmiş Ortalama Grup (AMG) panel tahmincileri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular genel olarak endüstriyel ve hizmetler üretimi, ithalat, doğrudan yabancı sermaye yatırımı, sabit sermaye yatırımı, dış açıklık oranı, ihracat ve ithalat artışları enerji etkinliğini olumlu etkilerken nüfus, karbondioksit emisyonu, petrol ve kömür fiyat artışları ise olumsuz etkilemektedir. Yükselen Ekonomiler ‘de rekabetçi üretim ve dış ticaret artışlarının enerji etkinliğini artırdığı bulunmuştur.

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Demand Sided Factors Influencing Energy Efficiency in Emerging Economies

Year 2021, Volume 29, Issue 49, 455 - 481, 30.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23

Abstract

Emerging Economies’ most important energy source is either renewable energy or efficient and effective energy use. In this study, demand-side factors that explain energy efficiency in 23 Emerging Economies were investigated between 1990 and 2018. Common Correlated Effects Mean Group (CCEMG) and Extended Mean Group (AMG) panel estimators were used for model estimation. Findings indicate that industrial production, services, foreign direct investment, fixed capital investment, foreign openness ratio, increases in exports and imports have a positive effect on energy efficiency. In contrast, population, carbon dioxide emission, and increases in oil and coal prices negatively affect energy efficiency. It has been found that competitive production and a rise in foreign trade increases energy efficiency in Emerging Economies.

References

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  • Adom, P.K. (2015), “Determinants of Energy Intensity in South Africa: Testing for Structural Effects in Parameters”, Energy, 89(2015), 334-346.
  • Ağır, H. & S. Özbek & S. Türkmen (2020), “Türkiye’de Cari İşlemler Dengesinin Dinamikleri: VAR Analizi”, Maliye Araştırmaları Dergisi, 6(2), 57-66.
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  • Akal, M. (2016), “Modeling World Energy Use Efficiency, Price, and GDP”, Energy Sources, Part B: Economics, Planning and Policy, 11(10), 911-919.
  • Altıntaş, H. & M. Mercan (2015), “Ar-Ge Harcamaları ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi: OECD Ülkeleri Üzerine Yatay Kesit Bağımlılığı Altında Panel Eşbütünleşme Analizi”, Ankara Üniversitesi SBF Dergisi, 70(2), 345-376.
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  • Aslan, A. (2009), “Convergence Analysis of Per Capita Carbon Dioxide Emissions: 1950-2004”, Ege Akademik Bakış Dergisi, 9(4), 1427-1439.
  • Aydın, Y. (2019), “GAP Bölgesi Yarı Kurak İklim Koşullarında Class a Pan’dan Oluşan Günlük Buharlaşmanın Penman ve Priestley-Taylor (Pt) Modelleri ile Tahmini”, içinde: B. Kunter & N. Keskin, Current Research and Assesments for Agricultural Science, 207-220.
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  • Boqiang, L. & L. Hongxun (2015), “Do Energy and Environment Efficiency Benefit from Foreign Trade? The Case of China’s Industrial Sectors”, Economic Research Journal, 9(11), 127-141.
  • Bozkurt, E. & A. Altıner (2018), “Finansal Erişimin Belirleyicileri”, Bingöl Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, 8(16), 295-308.
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  • Chang, C.P. & J. Wen & M. Zheng & M. Dong & Y. Hao (2018), “Is Higher Government Efficiency Conducive to Improving Energy Use Efficiency? Evidence from OECD Countries”, Economic Modelling, 72(2018), 65-77.
  • Chang, T.H. & C.M. Huang & M.C. Lee (2009), “Threshold Effect of the Economic Growth Rate on the Renewable Energy Development from a Change in Energy Price: Evidence From OECD Countries”, Energy Policy, 37(12), 5796-5802.
  • Chen, Y.E. & Q. Fu & X. Zhao & X. Yuan & C.P. Chang (2019), “International Sanctions’ Impact on Energy Efficiency in Target States”, Economic Modelling, 82(2019), 21-34.
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  • Chong, C.H. & W.X. Tan & Z.J. Ting & P. Liu & L. Ma & Z. Li & W. Ni (2019), “The Driving Factors of Energy-Related CO2 Emission Growth in Malaysia: The LMDI Decomposition Method Based on Energy Allocation Analysis”, Renewable And Sustainable Energy Reviews, 115(2019), 2-19.
  • Da Silva, P.P. & P.A. Cerqueira & W. Ogbe (2018), “Determinants of Renewable Energy Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence From Panel ARDL”, Energy, 156(2018), 45-54.
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  • Fan, E.X. (2002), Technological Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment-A Survey, Asian Development Bank, <http://hdl.handle.net/11540/2070>, 06.02.2020.
  • Gamtessa, S. & A.B. Olani (2018), “Energy Price, Energy Efficiency, and Capital Productivity: Empirical Investigations and Policy Implications”, Energy Economics, 72(2018), 650-666.
  • Göçer, İ. & M. Mercan & H. Hotunluoğlu (2012), “Seçilmiş OECD Ülkelerinde Cari İşlemler Açığının Sürdürülebilirliği: Yatay Kesit Bağımlılığı Altında Çoklu Yapısal Kırılmalı Panel Veri Analizi”, Maliye Dergisi, (163), 449-467.
  • Grossman, G.M. & A.B. Krueger (1991), “Environmental Impacts of A North American Free Trade Agreement, National Bureau of Economic Research”, Cambridge, Working Paper, National Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Gu, W. & X. Zhao & X. Yan & C. Wang & Q. Li, (2019), “Energy Technological Progress, Energy Consumption, and CO2 Emissions: Empirical Evidence from China”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 236(2019), 2-15.
  • Güney, T. (2017), “Population Growth and Sustaınable Development in Developed-Developing Countries: An IV (2SLS) Approach”, Population, 22(4), 1255-1277.
  • Hang, L. & M. Tu (2007), “The Impacts of Energy Prices on Energy Intensity: Evidence from China”, Energy Policy, 35(5), 2978-2988.
  • Hatzigeorgiou, E. & H. Polatidis & D. Haralambopoulos (2011), “CO2 Emissions, GDP and Energy Intensity: A Multivariate Cointegration and Causality Analysis for Greece 1977-2007”, Applied Energy, 88(4), 1377-1385.
  • Hepaktan, C.E. & S. Çınar (2011), “OECD Ülkeleri Vergi Sistemi Esnekliğinin Panel Eşbütünleşme Testleri ile Analizi”, Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 4(2), 133-153.
  • Hossain, M.S. (2011), “Panel Estimation for CO2 Emissions, Energy Consumption, Economic Growth, Trade Openness and Urbanization of Newly Industrialized Countries”, Energy Policy, 39(11), 6991-6999.
  • Hull, D. & B.P.Ó. Gallachóir & N. Walker (2009), “Development of A Modelling Framework in Response to New European Energy-Efficiency Regulatory Obligations: The Irish Experience”, Energy Policy, 37(12), 5363-5375.
  • Iddrisu, A.A. & I.P. Alagidede (2020), “Revisiting Interest Rate and Lending Channels of Monetary Policy Transmission in the Light of Theoretical Prescriptions”, Central Bank Review, 2-10.
  • Im, K.S. & M.H. Pesaran & Y. Shin (2003), “Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels”, Journal of Econometrics, 115(1), 53-74.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mustafa NAIMOGLU (Primary Author)
bingöl üniversitesi
0000-0001-9684-159X
Türkiye


Mustafa AKAL
SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0504-100X
Türkiye

Publication Date July 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 29, Issue 49

Cite

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi846697, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2021}, volume = {29}, pages = {455 - 481}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23}, title = {Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler}, key = {cite}, author = {Naımoglu, Mustafa and Akal, Mustafa} }
APA Naımoglu, M. & Akal, M. (2021). Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler . Sosyoekonomi , 29 (49) , 455-481 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23
MLA Naımoglu, M. , Akal, M. "Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler" . Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 455-481 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/64335/846697>
Chicago Naımoglu, M. , Akal, M. "Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler". Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 455-481
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler AU - Mustafa Naımoglu , Mustafa Akal Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 455 EP - 481 VL - 29 IS - 49 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler %A Mustafa Naımoglu , Mustafa Akal %T Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler %D 2021 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 29 %N 49 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23
ISNAD Naımoglu, Mustafa , Akal, Mustafa . "Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler". Sosyoekonomi 29 / 49 (July 2021): 455-481 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23
AMA Naımoglu M. , Akal M. Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(49): 455-481.
Vancouver Naımoglu M. , Akal M. Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(49): 455-481.
IEEE M. Naımoglu and M. Akal , "Yükselen Ekonomilerde Enerji Etkinliğini Talep Yanlı Etkileyen Faktörler", Sosyoekonomi, vol. 29, no. 49, pp. 455-481, Jul. 2021, doi:10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.03.23