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Kulaklı Orman Baykuşu’nun (Asio otus) Doğu Anadolu Bölgesindeki diyet kompozisyonu

Year 2019, Volume 20, Issue 2, 72 - 75, 04.07.2019
https://doi.org/10.18182/tjf.515832

Abstract

Bu çalışmada kulaklı orman baykuşunun (Asio otus) pelet içerikleri analiz edilmiştir. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, kulaklı orman baykuşunun yaz mevsiminde bir dağ bozkırındaki diyet kompozisyonunu araştırmaktır. Kulaklı orman baykuşuna ait 130 pelet içeriği çalışmada kullanılmıştır. Pelet içeriğinden 9 farklı taksona ait 147 av (pelet başına 1.13 av) olduğu belirlendi. Küçük memeliler türün diyetinin en önemli kısmını oluşturmaktadır. Yalnızca iki tane kuş kalıntısına peletlerde rastlanmıştır. Microtus sp., türün diyetinde önemli bir av olarak tespit edildi (F =% 81.63, B =% 78.21). Microtus sp. kulaklı orman baykuşunun favori avı olduğu için bu durum diyet içeriğindeki av çeşitliliği ile negatif korelasyona sebep olmaktadır. Bu nedenle FNB ve Shannon-Wiener indeksi düşük değerdedir.

References

  • Bertolino, S., Ghiberti E., Perrone, A., 2001. Feeding ecology of the long-eared owl (Asio otus) in northern Italy: is it a dietary specialist?. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 79, 2192-2198.
  • Birrer, S., 2009. Synthesis of 312 studies on the diet of the long-eared owl Asio otus. Ardea, 97, 615–24.
  • Bulut, Ş., Akbaba, B., Ayaş, Z., 2012. Analysis of mammal remains from owl pellets (Asio otus) in a suburban area in Beytepe, Ankara. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 40, 233–237.
  • Duffy, D.C., Jackson, S., 1986. Diet studies of seabirds: a review of methods. Colonial Waterbirds, 9, 1-17.
  • Göçer, E., 2016. Diet of a nesting pair of Long-eared Owls, Asio otus, in an urban environment in southwestern Turkey (Aves: Strigidae). Zoology in the Midde East, 62, 25-28.
  • Hızal, E., 2013. Diet of the Long-eared Owl Asio otus, in Central Anatolia (Aves: Strigidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 59, 118–122.
  • Kaya, A., Çoşkun, Y., 2017. Erzurum’dan Toplanan Kulaklı Orman Baykuşu (Asio otus) Peletlerinde Memeli Hayvan Türleri. BEU Journal of Sciene, 6, 47-50.
  • Kiat, Y., Perlman, G., Balaban, A., Leshem, Y., Izhaki, I., Charter, M., 2008. Feeding specialization of urban Long-eared Owls, Asio otus (Linnaeus, 1758), in Jerusalem, Israel. Zoology in the Middle East, 43, 49–54.
  • Kirwan, G. M., Boyla, K., Castell, P., Demirci, B., Özen, M. Welch, H., Marlow, T., 2008. The Birds of Turkey. Christopher Helm, London.
  • Krebs, C. J., 1994. Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. Harper Collins, New York.
  • Kryštufek, B., Vohralik, V., 2005. Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia I (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia): Knjiznica Annales Majora, Koper.
  • Kryštufek, B., Vohralik V., 2009. Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia II (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia): Knjiznica Annales Majora, Koper.
  • Levin, R., 1968. Evolution in changing environments; some theoretical explorations. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New York.
  • Marti, C. D., 1987. Raptor Food Habits Studies. Raptor Management Techniques Manual, 10, 67–79.
  • Mebs, T., Scherzinger, W., 2000. Die Eulen Europas. Kosmos, Stuttgart.
  • MGM 2018. Turkish state meteorological service, (https://www.mgm.gov.tr/) (Accessed: 28.12.2018)
  • Milchev, B., Ivanov, T., 2016. Winter diet of Long-eared Owls, Asio otus (L.) in a suburban landscape of North- Eastern Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 68, 355-361.
  • Mori, E., Bertolino, S., 2015. Feeding ecology of Long-eared Owls in winter: an urban perspective. Bird Study, 62, 257–261.
  • Pirovano, A., Rubolini, D., Brambilla, S., Ferrari, N., 2000. Winter diet of urban roosting long-eared owls Asio otus in Northern Italy: the importance of the brown rat Rattus norvegicus. Bird Study, 47, 242– 244.
  • Pyke, G. H., 1984. Optimal foraging theory: a critical review. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 15, 523–575.
  • Romanowski, J., Zmihorski, M., 2008. Effect of season, weather and habitat on diet variation of a feeding specialist: a case study of the long-eared owl, Asio otus in Central Poland. Folia Zoologica, 57, 411-419.
  • Sándor, A. D., Kiss, B. J., 2008. Birds in the diet of wintering Long-eared Owls (Asio otus) in the Danube Delta, Romania. Journal of Raptor Research, 42, 292–295.
  • Seçkin, S., Çoşkun, Y., 2006. Small mammals in the diet of the Long-Eared Owl, Asio otus, from Diyarbakır, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 30, 271-278.
  • Selçuk, A.Y., Bankoğlu, K., Kefelioğlu, H., 2017. Comparison of Winter Diet of Long-eared Owls Asio otus (L., 1758) and Short-eared Owls Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) (Aves: Strigidae) in Northern Turkey. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 69, 345-348.
  • Song, S., Zhao, W., Zhao, J., Shao, M., Liu, N., 2010. Seasonal variation in the diet of Long-eared Owl, Asio otus , in the desert of Northwest China. Animal Biology, 60, 115–122.
  • Terry, R. C., 2008. Modeling the effects of predation, prey cycling, and time averaging on relative abundance in raptor-generated small mammal eath assemblages. Palaios, 23, 402 – 410.
  • Tian, L., Zhou, X., Shi, Y., Guo, Y., Bao, W., 2015. Bats as the main prey of wintering long-eared owl (Asio otus) in Beijing: Integrating biodiversity protection and urban management. Integrative Zoology, 10, 216-226.
  • Torre, I., Arrizabalaga, A., Flaquer, C., 2004. Three methods for assessing richness and composition of small mammal communities. Journal of Mammalogy, 85, 524-530.
  • Tulis, F., Baláž, M., Obuch, J., Šotnár, K., 2015. Responses of the long-eared owl Asio otus diet and the numbers of wintering individuals to changing abundance of the common vole Microtus arvalis. Biologia, 70(5), 667-673.
  • Turan, L., 2005. Winter diet of a Long-Eared Owl population in Ankara, Beytepe. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 34, 69–76.
  • Williford, D., 2011. The winter diet of Short-eared Owls in subtropical Texas: Do southern diets provide evidence of opportunism. Journal of Raptor Research, 45, 63-70.
  • Yalden, D. W., 2009. The Analysis of Owl Pellets. 4th. ed. Mammal Society.

Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)

Year 2019, Volume 20, Issue 2, 72 - 75, 04.07.2019
https://doi.org/10.18182/tjf.515832

Abstract

In this study, pellet compositions of Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) were analysed. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the diet composition of Long-eared Owl in high altitude steppe in summer. Compositions of 130 pellets of Long-eared Owl were used in the study. 147 preys (1.13 preys per pellet) which belong to 9 different taxa were found in pellet composition. A significant part of the diet in study area consisted of small mammals. Only two remains of birds were recorded from pellets. Microtus sp. was found important prey in the diet of Long-eared Owl (F = 81.63 %, B = 78.21%). Since Microtus sp. is the favourite prey of Long-eared Owl, this situation causes a negative correlation with the prey variety in diet composition. For this reason, FNB and Shannon-Wiener indices had low levels, Shannon-Wiener (H’) value was found to be low for Long-eared Owl.

References

  • Bertolino, S., Ghiberti E., Perrone, A., 2001. Feeding ecology of the long-eared owl (Asio otus) in northern Italy: is it a dietary specialist?. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 79, 2192-2198.
  • Birrer, S., 2009. Synthesis of 312 studies on the diet of the long-eared owl Asio otus. Ardea, 97, 615–24.
  • Bulut, Ş., Akbaba, B., Ayaş, Z., 2012. Analysis of mammal remains from owl pellets (Asio otus) in a suburban area in Beytepe, Ankara. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 40, 233–237.
  • Duffy, D.C., Jackson, S., 1986. Diet studies of seabirds: a review of methods. Colonial Waterbirds, 9, 1-17.
  • Göçer, E., 2016. Diet of a nesting pair of Long-eared Owls, Asio otus, in an urban environment in southwestern Turkey (Aves: Strigidae). Zoology in the Midde East, 62, 25-28.
  • Hızal, E., 2013. Diet of the Long-eared Owl Asio otus, in Central Anatolia (Aves: Strigidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 59, 118–122.
  • Kaya, A., Çoşkun, Y., 2017. Erzurum’dan Toplanan Kulaklı Orman Baykuşu (Asio otus) Peletlerinde Memeli Hayvan Türleri. BEU Journal of Sciene, 6, 47-50.
  • Kiat, Y., Perlman, G., Balaban, A., Leshem, Y., Izhaki, I., Charter, M., 2008. Feeding specialization of urban Long-eared Owls, Asio otus (Linnaeus, 1758), in Jerusalem, Israel. Zoology in the Middle East, 43, 49–54.
  • Kirwan, G. M., Boyla, K., Castell, P., Demirci, B., Özen, M. Welch, H., Marlow, T., 2008. The Birds of Turkey. Christopher Helm, London.
  • Krebs, C. J., 1994. Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. Harper Collins, New York.
  • Kryštufek, B., Vohralik, V., 2005. Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia I (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia): Knjiznica Annales Majora, Koper.
  • Kryštufek, B., Vohralik V., 2009. Mammals of Turkey and Cyprus. Order Rodentia II (Introduction, Checklist, Rodentia): Knjiznica Annales Majora, Koper.
  • Levin, R., 1968. Evolution in changing environments; some theoretical explorations. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New York.
  • Marti, C. D., 1987. Raptor Food Habits Studies. Raptor Management Techniques Manual, 10, 67–79.
  • Mebs, T., Scherzinger, W., 2000. Die Eulen Europas. Kosmos, Stuttgart.
  • MGM 2018. Turkish state meteorological service, (https://www.mgm.gov.tr/) (Accessed: 28.12.2018)
  • Milchev, B., Ivanov, T., 2016. Winter diet of Long-eared Owls, Asio otus (L.) in a suburban landscape of North- Eastern Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 68, 355-361.
  • Mori, E., Bertolino, S., 2015. Feeding ecology of Long-eared Owls in winter: an urban perspective. Bird Study, 62, 257–261.
  • Pirovano, A., Rubolini, D., Brambilla, S., Ferrari, N., 2000. Winter diet of urban roosting long-eared owls Asio otus in Northern Italy: the importance of the brown rat Rattus norvegicus. Bird Study, 47, 242– 244.
  • Pyke, G. H., 1984. Optimal foraging theory: a critical review. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 15, 523–575.
  • Romanowski, J., Zmihorski, M., 2008. Effect of season, weather and habitat on diet variation of a feeding specialist: a case study of the long-eared owl, Asio otus in Central Poland. Folia Zoologica, 57, 411-419.
  • Sándor, A. D., Kiss, B. J., 2008. Birds in the diet of wintering Long-eared Owls (Asio otus) in the Danube Delta, Romania. Journal of Raptor Research, 42, 292–295.
  • Seçkin, S., Çoşkun, Y., 2006. Small mammals in the diet of the Long-Eared Owl, Asio otus, from Diyarbakır, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 30, 271-278.
  • Selçuk, A.Y., Bankoğlu, K., Kefelioğlu, H., 2017. Comparison of Winter Diet of Long-eared Owls Asio otus (L., 1758) and Short-eared Owls Asio flammeus (Pontoppidan, 1763) (Aves: Strigidae) in Northern Turkey. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 69, 345-348.
  • Song, S., Zhao, W., Zhao, J., Shao, M., Liu, N., 2010. Seasonal variation in the diet of Long-eared Owl, Asio otus , in the desert of Northwest China. Animal Biology, 60, 115–122.
  • Terry, R. C., 2008. Modeling the effects of predation, prey cycling, and time averaging on relative abundance in raptor-generated small mammal eath assemblages. Palaios, 23, 402 – 410.
  • Tian, L., Zhou, X., Shi, Y., Guo, Y., Bao, W., 2015. Bats as the main prey of wintering long-eared owl (Asio otus) in Beijing: Integrating biodiversity protection and urban management. Integrative Zoology, 10, 216-226.
  • Torre, I., Arrizabalaga, A., Flaquer, C., 2004. Three methods for assessing richness and composition of small mammal communities. Journal of Mammalogy, 85, 524-530.
  • Tulis, F., Baláž, M., Obuch, J., Šotnár, K., 2015. Responses of the long-eared owl Asio otus diet and the numbers of wintering individuals to changing abundance of the common vole Microtus arvalis. Biologia, 70(5), 667-673.
  • Turan, L., 2005. Winter diet of a Long-Eared Owl population in Ankara, Beytepe. Hacettepe Journal of Biology and Chemistry, 34, 69–76.
  • Williford, D., 2011. The winter diet of Short-eared Owls in subtropical Texas: Do southern diets provide evidence of opportunism. Journal of Raptor Research, 45, 63-70.
  • Yalden, D. W., 2009. The Analysis of Owl Pellets. 4th. ed. Mammal Society.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Orijinal Araştırma Makalesi
Authors

Ahmet Yesari SELCUK> (Primary Author)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2785-2823
Türkiye


Ömral Ünsal ÖZKOÇ>
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5918-8664
Türkiye


Mehmet Akif BİLİR>
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-6835-9154
Türkiye


Haluk KEFELİOĞLU>
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7421-6037
Türkiye

Publication Date July 4, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 20, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tjf515832, journal = {Turkish Journal of Forestry}, eissn = {2149-3898}, address = {}, publisher = {Isparta University of Applied Sciences}, year = {2019}, volume = {20}, number = {2}, pages = {72 - 75}, doi = {10.18182/tjf.515832}, title = {Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)}, key = {cite}, author = {Selcuk, Ahmet Yesari and Özkoç, Ömral Ünsal and Bilir, Mehmet Akif and Kefelioğlu, Haluk} }
APA Selcuk, A. Y. , Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Bilir, M. A. & Kefelioğlu, H. (2019). Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey) . Turkish Journal of Forestry , 20 (2) , 72-75 . DOI: 10.18182/tjf.515832
MLA Selcuk, A. Y. , Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Bilir, M. A. , Kefelioğlu, H. "Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)" . Turkish Journal of Forestry 20 (2019 ): 72-75 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjf/issue/46820/515832>
Chicago Selcuk, A. Y. , Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Bilir, M. A. , Kefelioğlu, H. "Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)". Turkish Journal of Forestry 20 (2019 ): 72-75
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey) AU - Ahmet YesariSelcuk, Ömral ÜnsalÖzkoç, Mehmet AkifBilir, HalukKefelioğlu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18182/tjf.515832 DO - 10.18182/tjf.515832 T2 - Turkish Journal of Forestry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 72 EP - 75 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - -2149-3898 M3 - doi: 10.18182/tjf.515832 UR - https://doi.org/10.18182/tjf.515832 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Forestry Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey) %A Ahmet Yesari Selcuk , Ömral Ünsal Özkoç , Mehmet Akif Bilir , Haluk Kefelioğlu %T Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey) %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Forestry %P -2149-3898 %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18182/tjf.515832 %U 10.18182/tjf.515832
ISNAD Selcuk, Ahmet Yesari , Özkoç, Ömral Ünsal , Bilir, Mehmet Akif , Kefelioğlu, Haluk . "Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)". Turkish Journal of Forestry 20 / 2 (July 2019): 72-75 . https://doi.org/10.18182/tjf.515832
AMA Selcuk A. Y. , Özkoç Ö. Ü. , Bilir M. A. , Kefelioğlu H. Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Forestry. 2019; 20(2): 72-75.
Vancouver Selcuk A. Y. , Özkoç Ö. Ü. , Bilir M. A. , Kefelioğlu H. Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Forestry. 2019; 20(2): 72-75.
IEEE A. Y. Selcuk , Ö. Ü. Özkoç , M. A. Bilir and H. Kefelioğlu , "Diet composition of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)", Turkish Journal of Forestry, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 72-75, Jul. 2019, doi:10.18182/tjf.515832