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Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler

Year 2012, Volume 10, Issue 3, 151 - 159, 28.12.2012
https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173011

Abstract

Amaç: Araştırmanın amacı 25-49 yaş arası evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet uygulama durumunun, türlerinin ve etkileyen etmenlerin belirlenmesidir.

Yöntem: Kesitsel tipteki çalışmanın evreni, İzmir’in Konak İlçesi’nde bulunan Esentepe Sağlık Ocağı Bölgesi’nde yaşayan 25-49 yaş arası 2615 evli erkektir. Sistematik örnekleme yöntemi ile seçilen 254 kişiye ulaşılmıştır. Bağımlı değişken olan şiddet varlığı “Yeniden Gözden Geçirilen Çatışma Taktikleri Ölçeği” (The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales=CTS 2) ile belirlenmiştir. Bağımsız değişkenler erkeğe ve eşine ilişkin sosyodemografik değişkenler, evliliğe ve aileye, sağlık durumuna, cinsel yaşama ilişkin özelliklerdir. Veri t Testi, Ki-kare, Lojistik Regresyon Analizi ile çözümlenmiştir.

Bulgular: Eşe yönelik psikolojik şiddet sıklığı %93, fiziksel şiddet %37.5, ekonomik şiddet %34.4, cinsel şiddet %3.9 olarak saptanmıştır. Psikolojik şiddete maruziyet, ortaokul ve üzeri öğrenimli kadınlarda anlamlı olarak daha fazladır. Erkeklerin işsiz olması ya da düzensiz işlerde çalışması, haftada birkaç kez ya da her gün alkol kullanması, istenmeyen gebelik varlığı, kadının 25-34 yaş grubunda olması fiziksel şiddette belirleyici etmenler olarak saptanmıştır.

Sonuç: Eşleri tarafından kadına yönelik olarak uygulanan psikolojik şiddet sıklığı beklenenden çok yüksek bulunmuştur. Üç erkekten biri ekonomik ve fiziksel şiddet uygulamaktadır. Cinsel şiddet düşük saptanmasına karşın sorunun daha büyük boyutlarda olabileceği düşünülmektedir. 

References

  • UNFPA. Violence against women effects on reproductive health. Erişim yeri: http://www.path.org/publications/files /EOL20_1.pdf (Erişim: 09.03.2012).
  • UNICEF. Domestic violence againts women and girls. Erişim yeri: http://www.unicefirc.org/publications/pdf /digest6e.pdf (Erişim: 09.04.2012).
  • Krug E, Dahlberg L, MercyJ, Zwi A, Lozano R. World report on violence and health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2002.
  • Yoshihama M, Sorenson SB. Physical, sexual, and emotional abuse by male intimates: experiences of women in Japan. Violence Vict 1994; 9:63-77.
  • USAID. Addressing gender-based violence through USAID’s health programs: A guide for health sector program officers. Erişim http://www.prb.org/pdf05/gbvreportfi nal.pdf (Erişim: 09.04.2012). yeri:
  • Haarr R. Violence against women in marriage: A general population study in Khatlon Oblast, Tajikıstan, project to reduce (PROVAW) in Tajikistan. Erişim yeri: http://www.swisscoop.kg/ressources/r esource_en_90377.pdf (Erişim:23.11.2006). against women
  • Hacettepe Üniversitesi Nüfus Etütleri Enstitüsü. Türkiye Nüfus ve Sağlık Araştırması 2003. Ankara; Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hastaneleri Basımevi, 2004.
  • TC Başbakanlık Kadının Statüsü Genel Müdürlüğü. Türkiye’de kadına yönelik şiddet. Ankara; Elma Teknik Basım Matbaacılık, 2009.
  • Altınay A, Arat Y. Türkiye’de kadına yönelik şiddet (2. Baskı). İstanbul; Punto Baskı Çözümleri, 2008.
  • Violence against women in marriage: A general populatıon study in Khatlon Oblast,Tajıkıstan. Project to Reduce Violence Against Women (PROVAW) in Tajikistan. http://www.swisscoop.kg/ressources/r esource_en_90377.pdf 23.11.2006). Erişim yeri: (Erişim:
  • Straus MA, Hamby SL, Boney-McCoy S, Sugarman DB. The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2): Development and preliminary psychometric data. J Fam Issues 1996;7:283-316.
  • Gulcur L. A study of domestic violence and family life in Ankara, Turkey. Erişim yeri: http://www.wwhr.org/images/sexual_a buse.pdf (Erişim: 02.12.2007).
  • Rittersberger Tılıç H. Aile içi siddet: Bir yaklasım. sosyolojik Erişim yeri: (Erişim:
  • Krantz G, Van Phuong T, Larsson V, Thi Bich Thuan N, Ringsberg KC. Intimate partner violence: Forms, consequences and preparedness to act as perceived by healthcare community leaders in a rural district in northern 2005;119(11):1048-55. district and Vietnam. Public Health
  • Gorchkova I , Shurygina I. Violence against wives in contemporary Russian families: Basic results. Erişim yeri: http://www.owl.ru/rights/no_violence/ Bas_results.pdf (Erişim: 24.02.2012).
  • Peek Asa C, Zwerling C, Young T, Stromquist AM, Burmeister LF, Merchant JA. A population based study of reporting patterns and characteristics of men who abuse their female partners. Inj Prev 2005; 11(3):180-5.
  • Koenig M, Ahmed S, Hossain MB, Mozumder K. Women's status and domestic violence in rural Bangladesh: Individual- and community level effects. Demography 2003; 40(2):269- 88.
  • Deveci E, Açık Y, Gülbayrak C, Tokdemir M. Elazığ İl Merkezi’nde 15-49 yaş evli kadınların aile içi siddete maruz kalma durumları. 2005;20:229-34. ve Hekim
  • Beliner AS. Konak Sağlık Grup Baskanlığı’na bağlı kurumlarda çalışan personelin karşılaşmasının Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. İzmir; Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, 2006. şiddetle
  • Горшкова ИД, Шурыгина ИИ. Насилие над российских tarafından uygulanan kadına yönelik şiddet). http://www.owl.ru/rights/no_violence/ (Erişim: 24.11.2011). современных (Rusya’da семьях eş Erişim tarihi:
  • lkkaracan P. Domestic violence and family life as experienced by Turkish immigrant women in Germany. Erişim yeri: http://www.wwhr.org/files/3_14.pdf (Erişim: 21.11.2007).
  • Altınay AG, Arat Y. Türkiye’de kadına yönelik siddet. İstanbul: Punto Baskı Çözümleri, 2007.
  • WHO. Multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women. Summary report. Initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s Switzerland: WHO, 2005. Geneva,
  • Kocacik F, Dogan O. Domestic violence against women in Sivas, Turkey: Survey study. Croat Med J, 2006; 47(5):742-9.
  • Garcia-Moreno C, Jansen HA, Ellsberg M, Heise L, Watts CH. Prevalence of intimate partner violence: Findings from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and 2006;7;368(9543):1260-9. violence. Lancet
  • Karaoglu L, Celbis O, Ercan C, Ilgar M, Pehlivan E, Günes G ve ark. Physical, emotional and sexual violence during pregnancy in Malatya, Turkey. Eur J Public Health 2006;16(2):149-56.
  • Parish WL, Wang T, Laumann EO, Pan S, Luo Y. Intimate partner violence in China: National prevalence, risk factors and associated health problems. Int Fam Plan Perspect 2004;30(4):174-81.
  • Hindin MJ, Adair LS. Who's at risk? Factors associated with intimate partner violence in the Philippines. Soc Sci Med 2002; 55(8):1385-99.
  • Vest JR, Catlin TK, Chen JJ, Brownson RC. Multistate analysis of factors associated with intimate partner violence. Am J Prev Med 2002; 22(3):156-64.
  • Sahin HA, Sahin HG. An unaddressed issue: Domestic violence and unplanned pregnancies among pregnant women in Turkey. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2003;8:93-8.
  • Gao W, Paterson J, Carter S, Iusitini L. Intimate partner violence and unplanned pregnancy in the Pacific Islands Families Study. 2008;100(2):109-15. Gynaecol Obstet
  • Martin SL, Kilgallen B, Tsui AO, Maitra K, Singh KK, Kupper LL. Sexual behaviors and reproductive health outcomes: Associations with wife abuse in India. JAMA 1999; 282:1967-72.
  • Raj A, Liu R, McCleary-Sills J, Silverman JG. South Asian victims of intimate partner violence more likely than non- victims to report sexual health concerns. J Immigr Health 2005;7(2):85-91.
  • Coker AL. Does physical intimate partner violence systematic review. Trauma Violence Abuse 2007; 8(2):149-77. health? A
  • Harwell TS, Moore KR, Spence MR. Physical violence, intimate partner violence, and emotional abuse among adult American Indian men and women in Montana. Prev Med 2003; 37(4):297- 303.
  • Diop-Sidibé N, Campbell JC, Becker S. Domestic violence against women in Egypt-wife beating and health outcomes. Soc Sci Med 2006; 62:1260-77.
  • Rickert VI, Wiemann CM, Harrykissoon SD, relationship reproductive intimate partner violence. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002; 187(4):1002-7. E. demographics,
  • characteristics, and
  • Andersson N, Ho-Foster A, Mitchell S, Scheepers E, Goldstein S. Risk factors for domestic physical violence: national cross-sectional household surveys in eight southern African countries. BMC Womens Health 2007;16: 7-11.
  • Silverman JG, Decker MR, Kapur NA, Gupta J, Raj A. Violence against wives, sexual risk and sexually transmitted infection among Bangladeshi men. Sex Transm Infect 2007;83:211-5.

Spouse violence and related factors in married men

Year 2012, Volume 10, Issue 3, 151 - 159, 28.12.2012
https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173011

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study is to examine the presence, patterns and related factors of spouse violence among 25-49 years old men.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted in the Esentepe Health Centre district which is affiliated to the Konak District Health Directorate. The study group was composed of 2,615 married men, aged between 25 to 49 years. It was planned to reach a group size of 254 participants that would be selected by systematic sampling.The dependent variable was the presence of violence and this was defined by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS). Independent variables were sociodemographic variables of man and wife and features of marriage, family, health conditions and sexual activity Chi-square test, t test and logistic regression were used for statistical analyses.

Results: The frequency of psychological, economic, physical and sexual violence toward wife was estimated to be 93%, 34.4%, 37.5% and 3.9%, respectively. Associated factors for physical violence determined by a logistic regression analysis were unemployment or irregular employment, alcohol consumption, daily or several times per week, presence of an undesired pregnancy and the age of the woman between 25-34 years.

Conclusion: The results of the study showed that psychological abuse was more frequent than expected. One third of the men apply economic and physical abuse against their spouse. Sexual abuse was considered to be higher than the low level recorded. 

References

  • UNFPA. Violence against women effects on reproductive health. Erişim yeri: http://www.path.org/publications/files /EOL20_1.pdf (Erişim: 09.03.2012).
  • UNICEF. Domestic violence againts women and girls. Erişim yeri: http://www.unicefirc.org/publications/pdf /digest6e.pdf (Erişim: 09.04.2012).
  • Krug E, Dahlberg L, MercyJ, Zwi A, Lozano R. World report on violence and health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2002.
  • Yoshihama M, Sorenson SB. Physical, sexual, and emotional abuse by male intimates: experiences of women in Japan. Violence Vict 1994; 9:63-77.
  • USAID. Addressing gender-based violence through USAID’s health programs: A guide for health sector program officers. Erişim http://www.prb.org/pdf05/gbvreportfi nal.pdf (Erişim: 09.04.2012). yeri:
  • Haarr R. Violence against women in marriage: A general population study in Khatlon Oblast, Tajikıstan, project to reduce (PROVAW) in Tajikistan. Erişim yeri: http://www.swisscoop.kg/ressources/r esource_en_90377.pdf (Erişim:23.11.2006). against women
  • Hacettepe Üniversitesi Nüfus Etütleri Enstitüsü. Türkiye Nüfus ve Sağlık Araştırması 2003. Ankara; Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hastaneleri Basımevi, 2004.
  • TC Başbakanlık Kadının Statüsü Genel Müdürlüğü. Türkiye’de kadına yönelik şiddet. Ankara; Elma Teknik Basım Matbaacılık, 2009.
  • Altınay A, Arat Y. Türkiye’de kadına yönelik şiddet (2. Baskı). İstanbul; Punto Baskı Çözümleri, 2008.
  • Violence against women in marriage: A general populatıon study in Khatlon Oblast,Tajıkıstan. Project to Reduce Violence Against Women (PROVAW) in Tajikistan. http://www.swisscoop.kg/ressources/r esource_en_90377.pdf 23.11.2006). Erişim yeri: (Erişim:
  • Straus MA, Hamby SL, Boney-McCoy S, Sugarman DB. The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2): Development and preliminary psychometric data. J Fam Issues 1996;7:283-316.
  • Gulcur L. A study of domestic violence and family life in Ankara, Turkey. Erişim yeri: http://www.wwhr.org/images/sexual_a buse.pdf (Erişim: 02.12.2007).
  • Rittersberger Tılıç H. Aile içi siddet: Bir yaklasım. sosyolojik Erişim yeri: (Erişim:
  • Krantz G, Van Phuong T, Larsson V, Thi Bich Thuan N, Ringsberg KC. Intimate partner violence: Forms, consequences and preparedness to act as perceived by healthcare community leaders in a rural district in northern 2005;119(11):1048-55. district and Vietnam. Public Health
  • Gorchkova I , Shurygina I. Violence against wives in contemporary Russian families: Basic results. Erişim yeri: http://www.owl.ru/rights/no_violence/ Bas_results.pdf (Erişim: 24.02.2012).
  • Peek Asa C, Zwerling C, Young T, Stromquist AM, Burmeister LF, Merchant JA. A population based study of reporting patterns and characteristics of men who abuse their female partners. Inj Prev 2005; 11(3):180-5.
  • Koenig M, Ahmed S, Hossain MB, Mozumder K. Women's status and domestic violence in rural Bangladesh: Individual- and community level effects. Demography 2003; 40(2):269- 88.
  • Deveci E, Açık Y, Gülbayrak C, Tokdemir M. Elazığ İl Merkezi’nde 15-49 yaş evli kadınların aile içi siddete maruz kalma durumları. 2005;20:229-34. ve Hekim
  • Beliner AS. Konak Sağlık Grup Baskanlığı’na bağlı kurumlarda çalışan personelin karşılaşmasının Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. İzmir; Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Halk Sağlığı Anabilim Dalı, 2006. şiddetle
  • Горшкова ИД, Шурыгина ИИ. Насилие над российских tarafından uygulanan kadına yönelik şiddet). http://www.owl.ru/rights/no_violence/ (Erişim: 24.11.2011). современных (Rusya’da семьях eş Erişim tarihi:
  • lkkaracan P. Domestic violence and family life as experienced by Turkish immigrant women in Germany. Erişim yeri: http://www.wwhr.org/files/3_14.pdf (Erişim: 21.11.2007).
  • Altınay AG, Arat Y. Türkiye’de kadına yönelik siddet. İstanbul: Punto Baskı Çözümleri, 2007.
  • WHO. Multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women. Summary report. Initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s Switzerland: WHO, 2005. Geneva,
  • Kocacik F, Dogan O. Domestic violence against women in Sivas, Turkey: Survey study. Croat Med J, 2006; 47(5):742-9.
  • Garcia-Moreno C, Jansen HA, Ellsberg M, Heise L, Watts CH. Prevalence of intimate partner violence: Findings from the WHO multi-country study on women's health and 2006;7;368(9543):1260-9. violence. Lancet
  • Karaoglu L, Celbis O, Ercan C, Ilgar M, Pehlivan E, Günes G ve ark. Physical, emotional and sexual violence during pregnancy in Malatya, Turkey. Eur J Public Health 2006;16(2):149-56.
  • Parish WL, Wang T, Laumann EO, Pan S, Luo Y. Intimate partner violence in China: National prevalence, risk factors and associated health problems. Int Fam Plan Perspect 2004;30(4):174-81.
  • Hindin MJ, Adair LS. Who's at risk? Factors associated with intimate partner violence in the Philippines. Soc Sci Med 2002; 55(8):1385-99.
  • Vest JR, Catlin TK, Chen JJ, Brownson RC. Multistate analysis of factors associated with intimate partner violence. Am J Prev Med 2002; 22(3):156-64.
  • Sahin HA, Sahin HG. An unaddressed issue: Domestic violence and unplanned pregnancies among pregnant women in Turkey. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2003;8:93-8.
  • Gao W, Paterson J, Carter S, Iusitini L. Intimate partner violence and unplanned pregnancy in the Pacific Islands Families Study. 2008;100(2):109-15. Gynaecol Obstet
  • Martin SL, Kilgallen B, Tsui AO, Maitra K, Singh KK, Kupper LL. Sexual behaviors and reproductive health outcomes: Associations with wife abuse in India. JAMA 1999; 282:1967-72.
  • Raj A, Liu R, McCleary-Sills J, Silverman JG. South Asian victims of intimate partner violence more likely than non- victims to report sexual health concerns. J Immigr Health 2005;7(2):85-91.
  • Coker AL. Does physical intimate partner violence systematic review. Trauma Violence Abuse 2007; 8(2):149-77. health? A
  • Harwell TS, Moore KR, Spence MR. Physical violence, intimate partner violence, and emotional abuse among adult American Indian men and women in Montana. Prev Med 2003; 37(4):297- 303.
  • Diop-Sidibé N, Campbell JC, Becker S. Domestic violence against women in Egypt-wife beating and health outcomes. Soc Sci Med 2006; 62:1260-77.
  • Rickert VI, Wiemann CM, Harrykissoon SD, relationship reproductive intimate partner violence. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002; 187(4):1002-7. E. demographics,
  • characteristics, and
  • Andersson N, Ho-Foster A, Mitchell S, Scheepers E, Goldstein S. Risk factors for domestic physical violence: national cross-sectional household surveys in eight southern African countries. BMC Womens Health 2007;16: 7-11.
  • Silverman JG, Decker MR, Kapur NA, Gupta J, Raj A. Violence against wives, sexual risk and sexually transmitted infection among Bangladeshi men. Sex Transm Infect 2007;83:211-5.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Guljan Dönmez This is me


Hatice Şimşek>


Türkan Günay>

Publication Date December 28, 2012
Application Date December 12, 2015
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2012, Volume 10, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tjph173011, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Turkish Society of Public Health Specialists}, year = {2012}, volume = {10}, number = {3}, pages = {151 - 159}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.173011}, title = {Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler}, key = {cite}, author = {Dönmez, Guljan and Şimşek, Hatice and Günay, Türkan} }
APA Dönmez, G. , Şimşek, H. & Günay, T. (2012). Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler . Turkish Journal of Public Health , 10 (3) , 151-159 . DOI: 10.20518/tjph.173011
MLA Dönmez, G. , Şimşek, H. , Günay, T. "Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler" . Turkish Journal of Public Health 10 (2012 ): 151-159 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjph/issue/16566/173011>
Chicago Dönmez, G. , Şimşek, H. , Günay, T. "Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler". Turkish Journal of Public Health 10 (2012 ): 151-159
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Spouse violence and related factors in married men AU - GuljanDönmez, HaticeŞimşek, TürkanGünay Y1 - 2012 PY - 2012 N1 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.173011 DO - 10.20518/tjph.173011 T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 151 EP - 159 VL - 10 IS - 3 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.173011 UR - https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173011 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Public Health Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler %A Guljan Dönmez , Hatice Şimşek , Türkan Günay %T Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler %D 2012 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 10 %N 3 %R doi: 10.20518/tjph.173011 %U 10.20518/tjph.173011
ISNAD Dönmez, Guljan , Şimşek, Hatice , Günay, Türkan . "Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler". Turkish Journal of Public Health 10 / 3 (December 2012): 151-159 . https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173011
AMA Dönmez G. , Şimşek H. , Günay T. Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler. TurkJPH. 2012; 10(3): 151-159.
Vancouver Dönmez G. , Şimşek H. , Günay T. Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2012; 10(3): 151-159.
IEEE G. Dönmez , H. Şimşek and T. Günay , "Evli erkeklerde eşlerine yönelik şiddet ve ilişkili etmenler", Turkish Journal of Public Health, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 151-159, Dec. 2012, doi:10.20518/tjph.173011

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