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A global survey of unintentional childhood jury

Year 2011, Volume: 9 Issue: 1, 45 - 57, 01.06.2011
https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173054

Abstract

More than 2000 children die every day as a result of unintentional or accidental injuries. Worldwide every year tens of millions more are taken to hospitals with injuries that often leave them with lifelong disabilities, according to a report by World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF). The World report on child injury prevention provides the first comprehensive global assessment of unintentional childhood injuries and prescribes measures to prevent them. It concludes that if proven prevention measures were adopted everywhere at least 1000 children’s lives could be saved every day. The purpose of the gathering reported here is to summarize leading studies related to unintentional injuries of childhood that cause a great burden especially in middle and low income countries. 

References

  • Baker SP et al., eds. Th e injury fact book, 2nd ed. Lexington, MA, Lexington Books, 1992.
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child. New York, NY, United Nations, 1989 (A/RES/44/25) http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/ k2crc.htm Erişim tarihi: 21. 01. 2008.
  • James A, Prout A. Constructing and reconstructing childhood: contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood. London, Falmer, 1990.
  • Kabeer N, Nambissan GB, Subrahmanian R. Child labour and the right to education in South Asia. New Delhi, Sage, 2003.
  • Lansdown G. Th e evolving capacities of the child. Florence, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2005 Erişim adresi: http://www.unicefirc.org/publications/ pdf/evolving-eng.pdf Erişim tarihi: 21. 01. 2008.
  • Tamburlini G. Children’s special vulnerability to environmental health hazards: an overview. In: Tamburlini G, von Ehrenstein O, Bertollini R, eds. Children’s health and environment: a review of evidence. Rome, European Environment Agency, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2002 [Environmental Issue Report 29].
  • Alderson P. Young children’s rights: exploring beliefs, principles and practice. London, Kingsley, 2000.
  • Peden M, McGee K, Krug E. Injury: a leading cause of the global burden of disease http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/ 2002/9241562323.pdf World Health Organization, Geneva; 2002. Erişim tarihi: 28.04.2011. Erişim adresi:
  • World Health Organization, News release, 10 December 2008 | Geneva/Hanoi/New York Preventable injuries kill 2000 children every day Erişim adresi: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news /releases/2008/pr46/en/print.html Erişim tarihi: 20.06.2010.
  • Krug EG, Sharma GK, Lozano R. The global burden of injuries. Am J Public Health 2000;90: 523-6.
  • Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause, 1990-2020: global burden of disease study. Lancet 1997; 349:1498- 504.
  • Deen JL, Vos T, Huttly SR, Tulloch J. Injuries and noncommunicable diseases: emerging health problems of children in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ 1999;77:518-24.
  • Global childhood unintentional injury surveillance in four cities in developing countries: a pilot study. Bull World Health Organ 87:5 Geneva May 2009
  • A league table of child deaths by injuries in rich nations (Innocenti Report Card Series, issue no. 2). New York, NY: UNICEF; 2001.
  • Guastello SJ. Injury analysis and prevention in the developing countries. Accid Anal Prev 1999;31:295-6.
  • Hyder AA, Wali S, Fishman S, Schenk E. The burden of unintentional injuries among the under-five population in South Asia. Acta Paediatr 2008; 97:267- 75.
  • The world health report 2004: changing history. Organization; 2004. World Health
  • Halk Sağlığı Temel Bilgiler, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Yayınları, 2006 içinde: Çakır B. :Epidemiyolojide Özelleşmiş Konular 122-124.
  • Pinheriro PS. World Report on Violence Against Children. UN, Geneva, 2006, akt. Özcebe, H. “Çocuk İstismarını ve İhmalini Önleme Kongresi”, 27-30 Eylül 2009, Ankara.
  • Luby S, Hassan I, Jahangir N, Rizvi N, Farooqi M, Ubaid S, et al. Road traffic injuries in Karachi: the disproportionate role of buses and trucks. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1997;28:395-8.
  • Razzak JA, Luby SP, Laflamme L, Chotani H. Injuries among children in Karachi, Pakistan-what, where and how. Public Health 2004;118:114-20.
  • Posada J, Ben-Michael E, Herman A, Kahan E, Richter E. Death and injury from motor vehicle crashes in Colombia. Rev Panam Salud Publica 2000;7:88-91.
  • Hassan F, El-Sheikh E. Hospital-based surveillance of trauma in Port-Said. Alexandria Med J 1998;40:629-40.
  • Bangdiwala SI, Anzola-Perez E, Romer CC, Schmidt B, Valdez-Lazo F, Toro J, et al. The incidence of injuries in young people: I. Methodology and results of a collaborative study in Brazil, Chile, Cuba and Venezuela. Int J Epidemiol 1990;19:115-24.
  • El-Sayed H, Hassan F, Gad S, Abdel- Rahman A. Pattern and burden of injuries among school children in Ismailia city, Egypt. Egyptian J Pediatr 2003;20:201-10.
  • Kobusingye O, Guwatudde D, Lett R. Injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda. Inj Prev 2001;7:46-50.
  • Soori H, Naghavi M. Childhood deaths from unintentional injuries in rural areas of Iran. Inj Prev 1998;4:222-4.
  • Lawoyin TO, Lawoyin DO, Lawoyin JO. Factors associated with oro-facial injuries among children in Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. Afr J Med Med Sci 2002;31:37-40.
  • Kirsch TD, Beaudreau RW, Holder YA, Smith GS. Pediatric injuries presenting to an emergency department in a developing country. Pediatr Emerg Care 1996;12:411-5.
  • Butchart A, Kruger J, Lekoba R. Perceptions of injury causes and solutions in a Johannesburg township: implications for prevention. Soc Sci Med 2000;50:331-44.
  • Tandon JN, Kalra A, Kalra K, Sahu SC, Nigam CB, Qureshi GU. Profile of accidents in children. Indian Pediatr 1993;30:765-9.
  • Reichenheim ME, Harpham T. Child accidents and associated risk factors in a Brazilian squatter settlement. Health Policy Plan 1989;4:162-7.
  • Fernando R, Fernando DN. Childhood poisoning in Sri Lanka. Indian J Pediatr 1997;64:457-60.
  • Lang T, Thuo N, Akech S. Accidental paraffin poisoning in Kenyan children. Trop Med Int Health 2008;13:845-7.
  • Konradsen F, Pieris R, Weerasinghe M, van der Hoek W, Eddleston M, Dawson AH. Community uptake of safe storage boxes to reduce selfpoisoning from pesticides in rural Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health 2007;7:13.
  • Meyer S, Eddleston M, Bailey B, Desel H, Gottschling S, Gortner L. Unintentional household poisoning in children. Klin Padiatr 2007;219:254-70.
  • Eddleston M, Senarathna L, Mohamed F, Buckley N, Juszczak E, Sheriff MH, et al. Deaths due to absence of an affordable antitoxin for plant poisoning. Lancet 2003;362:1041-4.
  • Brenner RA. Childhood drowning is a global concern. BMJ 2002; 324:1049-50.
  • Poudel-Tandukar K, Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Poudel KC, Joshi AB, Wakai S. Unintentional injuries among school adolescents in Kathmandu, Nepal: a descriptive 2006;120:641-9. Public Health
  • Cuenca-Pardo J, de Jesus Alvarez-Diaz C, Compres-Pichardo TA. Related factors in burn children. Epidemiological study of the burn unit at the “Magdalena de las Salinas” Traumatology Hospital. J Burn Care Res 2008;29:468-74.
  • Daisy S, Mostaque AK, Bari TS, Khan AR, Karim Socioeconomic and cultural influence in the causation of burns in the urban children of Bangladesh. J Burn Care Rehabil 2001;22:269-73. Q.
  • Forjuoh SN. Burns in low- and middle- income countries: a review of available literature on descriptive epidemiology, risk factors, treatment, and prevention. Burns 2006;32:529-37.
  • Yamamoto LG, Wiebe RA, Matthews WJ Jr. A one-year prospective ED cohort of pediatric trauma. Pediatr Emerg Care 1991;7:267-74.
  • Bienefeld M, Pickett W, Carr PA. A descriptive study of childhood injuries in Kingston, Ontario, using data from a computerized injury surveillance system. Chronic Dis Can 1996;17:21-7.
  • Bener A, Al-Salman KM, Pugh RN. Injury mortality and morbidity among children in the United Arab Emirates. Eur J Epidemiol 1998;14:175-8.
  • Sturms LM, van der Sluis CK, Groothoff JW. Duis HJt, Eisma WH. Characteristics of injured children attending the emergency potentially in need of rehabilitation. Clin Rehabil 2002;16:46-54. patients
  • Spiegel DA, Gosselin RA, Coughlin RR, Joshipura M, Browner BD, Dormans JP. The burden of musculoskeletal injury in low and middle-income countries: challenges and opportunities. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2008;90:915-23.
  • Gurses D, Sarioglu-Buke A, Baskan M, Kilic I. Cost factors in pediatric trauma. Can J Surg 2003;46:441-5.
  • Aeron-Thomas A, Jacobs G, Sexton B, Gururaj G, Rahman F. The involvement and impact of road crashes on the poor: Bangladesh and India case studies. Transport Research Laboratory (TRL); Crowthrone: 2004. TRL Published Project Report 010.
  • D’Souza RM. Care-seeking behavior. Clin Infect Dis 1999;28:234.
  • Thind A, Andersen R. Respiratory illness in the Dominican Republic: what are the predictors for health services utilization of young children? Soc Sci Med 2003;56:1173-82.
  • Waterston T. Children’s rights and child health: what role for paediatricians? J Trop Pediatr 2003;49:260-2.
  • Child and adolescent injury prevention: a global call to action. Geneva: World Health Organization, UNICEF; 2005. Erişim adresi: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/ publications/2005/9241593415_eng.pdf
  • Sethi D, Habibula S, McGee K, Peden M, Bennett S, Hyder AA, Klevens J, Odero W, Suriyawongpaisal P. Guidelines for conducting community surveys on injuries and violence. World Health Organization, Geneva; 2004.
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Refik Saydam Hıfzıssıhha Hıfzıssıhha Mektebi Müdürlüğü, Başkent Üniversitesi.Ulusal Hastalık Yükü ve Maliyet-Etkililik Projesi Hastalık Yükü. Final Rapor. Aralık 2004. Başkanlığı,
  • Ercan O, Alikaşifoğlu M, Erginöz E, Uysal Ö, Kaymak DA. Okul Çağı Çocuklarının Sağlık Davranışları Araştırması Türkiye 2006 Raporu. İstanbul; Galenos yayınevi, 2009.

Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması

Year 2011, Volume: 9 Issue: 1, 45 - 57, 01.06.2011
https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173054

Abstract

Dünya Sağlık Örgütü ve Birleşmiş Milletler Çocuk Fonu’nun bir raporuna (2008) göre, her gün 2000’den fazla çocuk, kasıtsız ya da kaza ile yaralanmalar sonucu ölmekte ve dünya genelinde her yıl milyonlarca çocuk genellikle kendilerini yaşam boyu engelli bırakacak kaza ve yaralanmalar dolayısıyla hastaneye kaldırılmaktadır. Çocuk Yaralanmalarının Önlenmesi Dünya Raporu; Çocukluk döneminde meydana gelen kazalarla ilgili kapsamlı, ilk küresel değerlendirme niteliğindeki rapor olup, bu tür yaralanmaların önlenmesinin yollarına da atıfta bulunmaktadır. Raporda ulaşılan sonuca göre, her yerde etkisi kanıtlanmış önlemlere başvurulması halinde, her gün en az 1000 çocuğun yaşamı kurtarılabilir. Bu derleme ile özellikle düşük ve orta gelirli ülkelerde önemli bir yük oluşturan çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmalarına yönelik öncül çalışmaların özetlenmesi amaçlanmaktadır. 

References

  • Baker SP et al., eds. Th e injury fact book, 2nd ed. Lexington, MA, Lexington Books, 1992.
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child. New York, NY, United Nations, 1989 (A/RES/44/25) http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/ k2crc.htm Erişim tarihi: 21. 01. 2008.
  • James A, Prout A. Constructing and reconstructing childhood: contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood. London, Falmer, 1990.
  • Kabeer N, Nambissan GB, Subrahmanian R. Child labour and the right to education in South Asia. New Delhi, Sage, 2003.
  • Lansdown G. Th e evolving capacities of the child. Florence, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2005 Erişim adresi: http://www.unicefirc.org/publications/ pdf/evolving-eng.pdf Erişim tarihi: 21. 01. 2008.
  • Tamburlini G. Children’s special vulnerability to environmental health hazards: an overview. In: Tamburlini G, von Ehrenstein O, Bertollini R, eds. Children’s health and environment: a review of evidence. Rome, European Environment Agency, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2002 [Environmental Issue Report 29].
  • Alderson P. Young children’s rights: exploring beliefs, principles and practice. London, Kingsley, 2000.
  • Peden M, McGee K, Krug E. Injury: a leading cause of the global burden of disease http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/ 2002/9241562323.pdf World Health Organization, Geneva; 2002. Erişim tarihi: 28.04.2011. Erişim adresi:
  • World Health Organization, News release, 10 December 2008 | Geneva/Hanoi/New York Preventable injuries kill 2000 children every day Erişim adresi: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news /releases/2008/pr46/en/print.html Erişim tarihi: 20.06.2010.
  • Krug EG, Sharma GK, Lozano R. The global burden of injuries. Am J Public Health 2000;90: 523-6.
  • Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause, 1990-2020: global burden of disease study. Lancet 1997; 349:1498- 504.
  • Deen JL, Vos T, Huttly SR, Tulloch J. Injuries and noncommunicable diseases: emerging health problems of children in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ 1999;77:518-24.
  • Global childhood unintentional injury surveillance in four cities in developing countries: a pilot study. Bull World Health Organ 87:5 Geneva May 2009
  • A league table of child deaths by injuries in rich nations (Innocenti Report Card Series, issue no. 2). New York, NY: UNICEF; 2001.
  • Guastello SJ. Injury analysis and prevention in the developing countries. Accid Anal Prev 1999;31:295-6.
  • Hyder AA, Wali S, Fishman S, Schenk E. The burden of unintentional injuries among the under-five population in South Asia. Acta Paediatr 2008; 97:267- 75.
  • The world health report 2004: changing history. Organization; 2004. World Health
  • Halk Sağlığı Temel Bilgiler, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Yayınları, 2006 içinde: Çakır B. :Epidemiyolojide Özelleşmiş Konular 122-124.
  • Pinheriro PS. World Report on Violence Against Children. UN, Geneva, 2006, akt. Özcebe, H. “Çocuk İstismarını ve İhmalini Önleme Kongresi”, 27-30 Eylül 2009, Ankara.
  • Luby S, Hassan I, Jahangir N, Rizvi N, Farooqi M, Ubaid S, et al. Road traffic injuries in Karachi: the disproportionate role of buses and trucks. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1997;28:395-8.
  • Razzak JA, Luby SP, Laflamme L, Chotani H. Injuries among children in Karachi, Pakistan-what, where and how. Public Health 2004;118:114-20.
  • Posada J, Ben-Michael E, Herman A, Kahan E, Richter E. Death and injury from motor vehicle crashes in Colombia. Rev Panam Salud Publica 2000;7:88-91.
  • Hassan F, El-Sheikh E. Hospital-based surveillance of trauma in Port-Said. Alexandria Med J 1998;40:629-40.
  • Bangdiwala SI, Anzola-Perez E, Romer CC, Schmidt B, Valdez-Lazo F, Toro J, et al. The incidence of injuries in young people: I. Methodology and results of a collaborative study in Brazil, Chile, Cuba and Venezuela. Int J Epidemiol 1990;19:115-24.
  • El-Sayed H, Hassan F, Gad S, Abdel- Rahman A. Pattern and burden of injuries among school children in Ismailia city, Egypt. Egyptian J Pediatr 2003;20:201-10.
  • Kobusingye O, Guwatudde D, Lett R. Injury patterns in rural and urban Uganda. Inj Prev 2001;7:46-50.
  • Soori H, Naghavi M. Childhood deaths from unintentional injuries in rural areas of Iran. Inj Prev 1998;4:222-4.
  • Lawoyin TO, Lawoyin DO, Lawoyin JO. Factors associated with oro-facial injuries among children in Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. Afr J Med Med Sci 2002;31:37-40.
  • Kirsch TD, Beaudreau RW, Holder YA, Smith GS. Pediatric injuries presenting to an emergency department in a developing country. Pediatr Emerg Care 1996;12:411-5.
  • Butchart A, Kruger J, Lekoba R. Perceptions of injury causes and solutions in a Johannesburg township: implications for prevention. Soc Sci Med 2000;50:331-44.
  • Tandon JN, Kalra A, Kalra K, Sahu SC, Nigam CB, Qureshi GU. Profile of accidents in children. Indian Pediatr 1993;30:765-9.
  • Reichenheim ME, Harpham T. Child accidents and associated risk factors in a Brazilian squatter settlement. Health Policy Plan 1989;4:162-7.
  • Fernando R, Fernando DN. Childhood poisoning in Sri Lanka. Indian J Pediatr 1997;64:457-60.
  • Lang T, Thuo N, Akech S. Accidental paraffin poisoning in Kenyan children. Trop Med Int Health 2008;13:845-7.
  • Konradsen F, Pieris R, Weerasinghe M, van der Hoek W, Eddleston M, Dawson AH. Community uptake of safe storage boxes to reduce selfpoisoning from pesticides in rural Sri Lanka. BMC Public Health 2007;7:13.
  • Meyer S, Eddleston M, Bailey B, Desel H, Gottschling S, Gortner L. Unintentional household poisoning in children. Klin Padiatr 2007;219:254-70.
  • Eddleston M, Senarathna L, Mohamed F, Buckley N, Juszczak E, Sheriff MH, et al. Deaths due to absence of an affordable antitoxin for plant poisoning. Lancet 2003;362:1041-4.
  • Brenner RA. Childhood drowning is a global concern. BMJ 2002; 324:1049-50.
  • Poudel-Tandukar K, Nakahara S, Ichikawa M, Poudel KC, Joshi AB, Wakai S. Unintentional injuries among school adolescents in Kathmandu, Nepal: a descriptive 2006;120:641-9. Public Health
  • Cuenca-Pardo J, de Jesus Alvarez-Diaz C, Compres-Pichardo TA. Related factors in burn children. Epidemiological study of the burn unit at the “Magdalena de las Salinas” Traumatology Hospital. J Burn Care Res 2008;29:468-74.
  • Daisy S, Mostaque AK, Bari TS, Khan AR, Karim Socioeconomic and cultural influence in the causation of burns in the urban children of Bangladesh. J Burn Care Rehabil 2001;22:269-73. Q.
  • Forjuoh SN. Burns in low- and middle- income countries: a review of available literature on descriptive epidemiology, risk factors, treatment, and prevention. Burns 2006;32:529-37.
  • Yamamoto LG, Wiebe RA, Matthews WJ Jr. A one-year prospective ED cohort of pediatric trauma. Pediatr Emerg Care 1991;7:267-74.
  • Bienefeld M, Pickett W, Carr PA. A descriptive study of childhood injuries in Kingston, Ontario, using data from a computerized injury surveillance system. Chronic Dis Can 1996;17:21-7.
  • Bener A, Al-Salman KM, Pugh RN. Injury mortality and morbidity among children in the United Arab Emirates. Eur J Epidemiol 1998;14:175-8.
  • Sturms LM, van der Sluis CK, Groothoff JW. Duis HJt, Eisma WH. Characteristics of injured children attending the emergency potentially in need of rehabilitation. Clin Rehabil 2002;16:46-54. patients
  • Spiegel DA, Gosselin RA, Coughlin RR, Joshipura M, Browner BD, Dormans JP. The burden of musculoskeletal injury in low and middle-income countries: challenges and opportunities. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2008;90:915-23.
  • Gurses D, Sarioglu-Buke A, Baskan M, Kilic I. Cost factors in pediatric trauma. Can J Surg 2003;46:441-5.
  • Aeron-Thomas A, Jacobs G, Sexton B, Gururaj G, Rahman F. The involvement and impact of road crashes on the poor: Bangladesh and India case studies. Transport Research Laboratory (TRL); Crowthrone: 2004. TRL Published Project Report 010.
  • D’Souza RM. Care-seeking behavior. Clin Infect Dis 1999;28:234.
  • Thind A, Andersen R. Respiratory illness in the Dominican Republic: what are the predictors for health services utilization of young children? Soc Sci Med 2003;56:1173-82.
  • Waterston T. Children’s rights and child health: what role for paediatricians? J Trop Pediatr 2003;49:260-2.
  • Child and adolescent injury prevention: a global call to action. Geneva: World Health Organization, UNICEF; 2005. Erişim adresi: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/ publications/2005/9241593415_eng.pdf
  • Sethi D, Habibula S, McGee K, Peden M, Bennett S, Hyder AA, Klevens J, Odero W, Suriyawongpaisal P. Guidelines for conducting community surveys on injuries and violence. World Health Organization, Geneva; 2004.
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Refik Saydam Hıfzıssıhha Hıfzıssıhha Mektebi Müdürlüğü, Başkent Üniversitesi.Ulusal Hastalık Yükü ve Maliyet-Etkililik Projesi Hastalık Yükü. Final Rapor. Aralık 2004. Başkanlığı,
  • Ercan O, Alikaşifoğlu M, Erginöz E, Uysal Ö, Kaymak DA. Okul Çağı Çocuklarının Sağlık Davranışları Araştırması Türkiye 2006 Raporu. İstanbul; Galenos yayınevi, 2009.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Health Care Administration
Journal Section Systematic Reviews and Meta Analysis
Authors

Mustafa YILMAZ This is me

Birgül PİYAL This is me

Publication Date June 1, 2011
Submission Date December 12, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2011 Volume: 9 Issue: 1

Cite

APA YILMAZ, M., & PİYAL, B. (2011). Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması. Turkish Journal of Public Health, 9(1), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173054
AMA YILMAZ M, PİYAL B. Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması. TJPH. June 2011;9(1):45-57. doi:10.20518/tjph.173054
Chicago YILMAZ, Mustafa, and Birgül PİYAL. “Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız Yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması”. Turkish Journal of Public Health 9, no. 1 (June 2011): 45-57. https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173054.
EndNote YILMAZ M, PİYAL B (June 1, 2011) Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması. Turkish Journal of Public Health 9 1 45–57.
IEEE M. YILMAZ and B. PİYAL, “Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması”, TJPH, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 45–57, 2011, doi: 10.20518/tjph.173054.
ISNAD YILMAZ, Mustafa - PİYAL, Birgül. “Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız Yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması”. Turkish Journal of Public Health 9/1 (June 2011), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.173054.
JAMA YILMAZ M, PİYAL B. Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması. TJPH. 2011;9:45–57.
MLA YILMAZ, Mustafa and Birgül PİYAL. “Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız Yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması”. Turkish Journal of Public Health, vol. 9, no. 1, 2011, pp. 45-57, doi:10.20518/tjph.173054.
Vancouver YILMAZ M, PİYAL B. Küresel, çok ülkeli çocukluk dönemi kasıtsız yaralanmaları sürveyans çalışması. TJPH. 2011;9(1):45-57.

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