Year 2019, Volume 17 , Issue 3, Pages 314 - 325 2019-12-29

Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective
Küresel doğumda beklenen yaşam beklentisinin ekolojik perspektifle incelenmesi

Md. Nazrul İslam MONDAL [1] , Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul BAKİ [2] , Md. Nazrul HOQUE [3] , Hafiz T.a. KHAN [4] , Md. Nuruzzaman KHAN [5]


Objective: This study is designed to understand the impacts of demographic events, socioeconomic differentials, health factors’ availability, and environmental reasons which influence life expectancy (LE) globally. Methods: Data of 183 countries were taken from the United Nations agencies. The predicted variable was LE, and the determinants were demographic events, socioeconomic factors, health-related factors, and environmental issues. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and backward multiple regression analysis were used to reach the research objectives. Results: The lowest LEs were found in the African countries; and LE was found significantly associated (p<0.05) with a wide range of demographic, socioeconomic, health, and environmental factors. The necessity of full coverage of immunization, higher income, and improved sanitation are expected to raise LE. However, LE may be increased by way of decreased fertilities, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevalence, and carbon dioxide () emissions. Conclusions: LE is influenced by different demographic, socioeconomic, health, and environmental factors. Country-level and global efforts should be taken to raise LE throughout the reduction of HIV infection, births, and  emissions. The policy-makers should focus on advancing reproductive decisions, increasing immunization coverage, and upturning improved sanitation usage. 

Amaç: Bu çalışma, yaşam beklentisini (YB) küresel olarak etkileyen demografik olayların, sosyoekonomik farklılıkların, sağlık hizmetlerinin mevcudiyetinin ve çevresel nedenlerin etkilerini anlamak için tasarlanmıştır. Yöntem: 183 ülkenin verileri Birleşmiş Milletler ajanslarından alınmıştır. Tahmin edilen (bağımlı) değişken YB'dir; belirleyiciler ise demografik olaylar, sosyoekonomik faktörler, sağlıkla ilgili faktörler ve çevresel konulardır. Araştırma amaçlarını değerlendirmek için, tanımlayıcı istatistikler, korelasyon analizi ve multiple regressyon analizleri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: En düşük YB Afrika ülkelerine ait olup, çok çeşitli demografik, sosyoekonomik, sağlık ve çevresel faktörlerle anlamlı düzeyde ilişkilidir (p <0.05). Tam kapsayıcı bağışıklama, daha yüksek gelir ve iyileştirilmiş sanitasyonun YB'yi yükseltmesi beklenmektedir. Bununla birlikte, doğurganlık, HIV yaygınlığının ve karbondioksit emisyonlarının azaltılması yoluyla YB artırılabilir. Sonuç: YB farklı demografik, sosyoekonomik, sağlık ve çevresel faktörlerden etkilenmektedir. HIV enfeksiyonu, doğumlar veemisyonlarının azaltılması yoluyla YB yi yükseltmek için ülke düzeyinde ve küresel olarak çaba gösterilmelidir. Politika yapıcılar üreme kararlarını ilerletmeye, aşı kapsamını artırmaya ve sanitasyonu iyileştirmeye odaklanmalıdır. 

Life rxpectancy, factors of life expectancy
  • Dr.K.JOTHYDepartment of Population StudiesAnnamalai UniversityTamil Nadu, Indiadrjothy2005@gmail.com
  • Professor Dr. Mohammad Mainul IslamDepartment of Population Sciences, University of DhakaDhaka-1000, BANGLADESHE-mail: mainul@du.ac.bd
Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Author: Md. Nazrul İslam MONDAL (Primary Author)
Country: Bangladesh


Author: Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul BAKİ
Country: Bangladesh


Author: Md. Nazrul HOQUE
Country: United States


Author: Hafiz T.a. KHAN
Country: United Kingdom


Author: Md. Nuruzzaman KHAN
Country: Bangladesh


Dates

Publication Date : December 29, 2019

Bibtex @research article { tjph452721, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Turkish Society of Public Health Specialists}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {314 - 325}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.452721}, title = {Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective}, key = {cite}, author = {Mondal, Md. Nazrul İslam and Baki̇, Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul and Hoque, Md. Nazrul and Khan, Hafiz T.a. and Khan, Md. Nuruzzaman} }
APA Mondal, M , Baki̇, A , Hoque, M , Khan, H , Khan, M . (2019). Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective. Turkish Journal of Public Health , 17 (3) , 314-325 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjph/issue/50956/452721
MLA Mondal, M , Baki̇, A , Hoque, M , Khan, H , Khan, M . "Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 314-325 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjph/issue/50956/452721>
Chicago Mondal, M , Baki̇, A , Hoque, M , Khan, H , Khan, M . "Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 314-325
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective AU - Md. Nazrul İslam Mondal , Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul Baki̇ , Md. Nazrul Hoque , Hafiz T.a. Khan , Md. Nuruzzaman Khan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 314 EP - 325 VL - 17 IS - 3 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective %A Md. Nazrul İslam Mondal , Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul Baki̇ , Md. Nazrul Hoque , Hafiz T.a. Khan , Md. Nuruzzaman Khan %T Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 17 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Mondal, Md. Nazrul İslam , Baki̇, Abu Naser Muhammad Abdul , Hoque, Md. Nazrul , Khan, Hafiz T.a. , Khan, Md. Nuruzzaman . "Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 / 3 (December 2020): 314-325 .
AMA Mondal M , Baki̇ A , Hoque M , Khan H , Khan M . Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective. TurkJPH. 2019; 17(3): 314-325.
Vancouver Mondal M , Baki̇ A , Hoque M , Khan H , Khan M . Exploring the determinants of global life expectancy in an ecological perspective. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2019; 17(3): 325-314.