Year 2020, Volume 18 , Issue 1, Pages 1 - 9 2020-04-30

Yaşlanma, gelir ve kentleşmenin sağlık harcamaları üzerindeki etkisi: OECD ülkeleri için bir panel regresyon analizi
The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries

Canser BOZ [1] , Nihat TAŞ [2] , Emrah ÖNDER [3]


Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, sağlık harcamalarına etki eden faktörleri panel veri analizi ile incelemektir. Yöntem: Çalışma, 2005 ve 2015 yılları arasında 35 OECD ülkesinden elde edilen verileri içermektedir. Panel Regresyon analizi STATA bilgisayar programı kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Çalışmada satın alma gücü paritesine göre hesaplanmış kişi başına düşen sağlık harcaması bağımlı değişken, yaşlanma, kentleşme ve gelir bağımsız değişken olarak kullanılmıştır. Bu değişkenlerin sağlık harcamaları üzerindeki etkisi sabit etkiler panel regresyon modeli ile incelenmiştir. Bulgular: Regresyon modeli yaşlanma, kentleşme ve gelirin kişi başına düşen sağlık harcamaları üzerinde etkili olduğunu göstermektedir. Örneğin, 65 yaş üstü nüfusun %1'lik artışı sağlık harcamalarında kişi başına 165 dolarlık artışa neden olmaktadır. Sonuç: Sağlık harcamaları birçok faktörden etkilenmekle birlikte, yaşlanma, kentleşme ve gelir gibi ülkelerin demografik yapısı ve demografik değişimleri sağlık harcamalarının artmasında önemli rol oynamaktadır


Objectives: The main purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting health expenditure levels through a panel data analysis. Methods: The study includes data from 35 OECD member countries between 2005 and 2015. We carried out panel regression analysis using STATA 13.0 econometric program. In the study, we used per capita health expenditure figures according to purchasing power parity as the dependent variable and we searched the impact of aging, urbanization and income on health expenditures with fixed effects panel regression model. Findings: The regression model indicates that aging, urbanization and income have positive effects on health expenditures per capita. For instance, a 1% increase in population ages 65+ causes an increase in health expenditures by $165 per capita. Conclusion: Although health expenditures are influenced by many factors, demographic structures and demographic changes, such as aging, urbanization and income, have a significant impact on health expenditures.


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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Author: Canser BOZ (Primary Author)
Institution: Istanbul University, Health Sciences Faculty, Health Management Department, and Health Economics
Country: Turkey


Author: Nihat TAŞ
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İŞLETME FAKÜLTESİ, İŞLETME BÖLÜMÜ, SAYISAL YÖNTEMLER ANABİLİM DALI
Country: Turkey


Author: Emrah ÖNDER
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İŞLETME FAKÜLTESİ, İŞLETME BÖLÜMÜ, SAYISAL YÖNTEMLER ANABİLİM DALI
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tjph426494, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Turkish Society of Public Health Specialists}, year = {2020}, volume = {18}, pages = {1 - 9}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.426494}, title = {The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries}, key = {cite}, author = {Boz, Canser and Taş, Nihat and Önder, Emrah} }
APA Boz, C , Taş, N , Önder, E . (2020). The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries. Turkish Journal of Public Health , 18 (1) , 1-9 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjph/issue/53955/426494
MLA Boz, C , Taş, N , Önder, E . "The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries". Turkish Journal of Public Health 18 (2020 ): 1-9 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjph/issue/53955/426494>
Chicago Boz, C , Taş, N , Önder, E . "The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries". Turkish Journal of Public Health 18 (2020 ): 1-9
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries AU - Canser Boz , Nihat Taş , Emrah Önder Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 9 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries %A Canser Boz , Nihat Taş , Emrah Önder %T The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 18 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Boz, Canser , Taş, Nihat , Önder, Emrah . "The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries". Turkish Journal of Public Health 18 / 1 (April 2020): 1-9 .
AMA Boz C , Taş N , Önder E . The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries. TurkJPH. 2020; 18(1): 1-9.
Vancouver Boz C , Taş N , Önder E . The impacts of aging, income and urbanization on health expenditures: A panel regression analysis for OECD countries. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2020; 18(1): 9-1.