Year 2021, Volume 19 , Issue 1, Pages 41 - 54 2021-04-23

Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey
Yaşlılarda sağlık okuryazarlığı: Türkiye Doğu Karadeniz örneğinde nicel bir araştırma

Cagla YIGITBAS [1] , Fatma GENÇ [2]


Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the health literacy status of people aged 65 and over in Turkey. Methods: This study is descriptive and cross-sectional. The population consisted of people aged 65 and over living in the centre of a province. 2017 data from the Turkish Statistical Institute were used for the sample size. Following the calculations, sampling was taken from 486 people. Data were collected between January and May 2018. Ethical permission was obtained prior to the study. Participants were selected according to the improbable method among those who came to primary health institutions. A survey form was used as a data collection tool. The first part of the form determined the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants. TSOY-32 was used in the second section. A score 0 indicated the lowest HL and the score 50 indicated the highest HL in the scale. Results: The average score of the study participants in the ‘Turkey Health Literacy-32’ test was 24.40 ± 7.70. In this study, score means were high among people with regular health checks, those who did not use unprescribed medication, those who quit smoking, who exercised regularly and who had adequate nutrition. Conclusion: Health literacy of individuals aged 65 and over was found to be inadequate.
Amaç: Araştırmanın amacı 65 yaş ve üşüt kişilerin sağlık okuryazarlığını belirlemektir. Yöntem: Araştırma tanımlayıcı kesitsel tiptedir. Evren bir ilin merkezinde yaşayan 65 yaş ve üstü kişilerden oluşmaktadır. Örneklem büyüklüğü için Türkiye İstatistik Kurumunun 2017 verileri kullanılmıştır. Hesaplamalar sonrası örnekleme 486 kişi alınmıştır. Veriler ocak-Mayıs 2018 arasında toplanmıştır. Katılımcılar birinci basamak sağlık kurumlarına gelenler arasından olasılıksız yönteme göre seçilmiştir. Veri toplama aracı olarak anket formu kullanılmıştır. Formun ilk bölümü katılımcıların sosyo-demografik özelliklerini saptamaktadır. İkinci bölümde TSOY-32 kullanılmıştır. Çalışma; Ocak-Mayıs 2018 tarihleri arasında yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın evrenini İlin Merkezinde yaşayan yaşlı nüfus oluşturmuştur. Bulgular: Araştırmadaki katılımcılar için “Türkiye Sağlık Okuryazarlığı-32 Ölçeği” genel toplam puan ortalaması 24.40 ± 7.70 olup yetersiz SOY kategorisindedir. Bu araştırmada ölçeğin; genel, boyut ve süreç puan ortalama indekslerinin; yaş arttıkça düşme gösterdiği, erkeklerde, yaşamının çoğunluğunu kentsel alanda geçirenlerde, eğitim düzeyi yüksek olanlarda, evlilerde, halen çalışıyor olanlarda, ailede alınan kararlara katılıyor olanlarda yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç: Araştırmada ölçeğin genel puan ortalama indeksinin; düzenli sağlık kontrolü yaptıranlarda, reçetesiz ilaç kullanma alışkanlığı olmayanlarda, sigarayı bırakmış olanlarda, düzenli egzersiz yapanlarda ve düzenli beslenenlerde daha yüksek olduğu tespit edilmiştir
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3789-1156
Author: Cagla YIGITBAS (Primary Author)
Institution: GİRESUN RESEARCH CENTER
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8777-4276
Author: Fatma GENÇ
Institution: Giresun University
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Giresun University Scientific Research Project Unit (GRU: SAĞ-BAP-160317-77) has financed this research.
Project Number SAĞ-BAP-160317-77
Thanks The authors would like to thank all the parents who participated in the study
Dates

Application Date : March 7, 2020
Acceptance Date : February 20, 2021
Publication Date : April 23, 2021

Bibtex @research article { tjph700390, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Turkish Society of Public Health Specialists}, year = {2021}, volume = {19}, pages = {41 - 54}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.700390}, title = {Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Yıgıtbas, Cagla and Genç, Fatma} }
APA Yıgıtbas, C , Genç, F . (2021). Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey . Turkish Journal of Public Health , 19 (1) , 41-54 . DOI: 10.20518/tjph.700390
MLA Yıgıtbas, C , Genç, F . "Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey" . Turkish Journal of Public Health 19 (2021 ): 41-54 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjph/issue/61444/700390>
Chicago Yıgıtbas, C , Genç, F . "Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey". Turkish Journal of Public Health 19 (2021 ): 41-54
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey AU - Cagla Yıgıtbas , Fatma Genç Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.700390 DO - 10.20518/tjph.700390 T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 41 EP - 54 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.700390 UR - https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.700390 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey %A Cagla Yıgıtbas , Fatma Genç %T Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey %D 2021 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 19 %N 1 %R doi: 10.20518/tjph.700390 %U 10.20518/tjph.700390
ISNAD Yıgıtbas, Cagla , Genç, Fatma . "Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey". Turkish Journal of Public Health 19 / 1 (April 2021): 41-54 . https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.700390
AMA Yıgıtbas C , Genç F . Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. TurkJPH. 2021; 19(1): 41-54.
Vancouver Yıgıtbas C , Genç F . Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2021; 19(1): 41-54.
IEEE C. Yıgıtbas and F. Genç , "Health literacy in elderly people: A quantitative research example from the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey", Turkish Journal of Public Health, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 41-54, Apr. 2021, doi:10.20518/tjph.700390