Last Issue

Volume: 6 - Issue: 1

Year: 2022

We, within Republic of Turkey Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry  General Directorate of Water Management, are committed to consistently provide access to the accurate,reliable and global information that are necessary for water education, research and public service regarding water man agement.We aim to become a well-known scientific journal, indexed and referred at both national and international level.

Turkish Journal of Water Science and Management is a reliable, innovative and peer-reviewed scientific journal that is open to all kinds of up-to-date technological and scientifi progress suitable for the future education and research needs on water, offering accurate scientific information to all the readers.

All sections (excluding Abstract and Öz) should have single-line spacing and set uniform margins of at least 1 in. (2.54 cm) on the top, bottom, left, and right of every page. The main text should be in Times New Roman and font size 12. Paragraphs should be indented with standard tab space.

Please read the details on manuscript preparation through the link below.




The category of manuscript (ex. Research Article)(Times New Roman font size 10 and italic)

Without Changing the Format You Need to Put the English Title of Maximum 12 Words Here (Times New Roman, font size 14)


Put the Turkish Title Here (Max. 12 Words, Times New Roman, font size 14)


Put the Corresponding Author Here1, Put the Other Authors Here Respectively2


1Put the mailing address here

put the author’s email address here

2Put the mailing address here

put the author’s email address here

(Times New Roman, font size 10)




You need to insert an English abstract into this section by taking into account exactly the same format. The abstract typically ranges from 150 to 250 words, and should be in font size 10 in justified. An abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly and it enables people interested in the document to retrieve it from abstracting and indexing databases. The abstract needs to be dense with information. By embedding key words in your abstract, you enhance the users’ ability to find it. A good abstract should be accurate, non-evaluative, concise, coherent and readable. Type the abstract itself as a single paragraph without paragraph indentation (APA, 2010). The Abstract should (1) state the principal objectives and scope of the investigation, (2) describe the methods employed, (3) summarize the results, and (4) state the principal conclusions. Most or all of the Abstract should be written in the past tense, because it refers to work done.

Keywords: keywords should not exceed 5 words, be all in lowercase, italic and comma separated




Bu kısma biçimlendirmeyi bozmadan makalenizin Türkçe özetini yazabilirsiniz. Öz, 10 punto büyüklüğünde, iki yana yaslı ve 150-250 sözcük arasında olmalıdır. Öz makale içeriğinin yalın ve kapsamlı bir özetidir, okuyucuların makaleyi hızlı olarak incelemelerini ve makalenin ilgilenen kişiler tarafından veri tabanından bulunmasını sağlar. İyi bir öz hatasız, var olan bilgiyi değerlendirmeden çok raporlayan, kısa, uyumlu ve okunabilir olmalıdır. Özü tek bir paragraf olarak girinti kullanmadan yazınız. Kısa Özet (1) araştırmanın kapsamını ve esas amaçları belirtmeli (2) kullanılan metodolojiyi tanımlamalı (3) bulguları özetlemeli ve (4) ana sonuçları belirtmelidir. Kısa Özet’in çoğu veya tamamı, yapılmış çalışmaya atıf olduğu için, geçmiş zamanda yazılmalıdır.

Anahtar sözcükler: en fazla 5 anahtar sözcük bulunmalı, tamamı küçük harflerle, italik yazılmalı ve virgül (,) işareti ile birbirinden ayrılmalıdır




The Introduction label (1st level of heading) should be in centered, boldface, uppercase and lowercase (APA, 2010). Other sections (Method, Results, Discussion and Conclusion, and Acknowledgement) need to follow the same format.


The body of a manuscript opens with an introduction that presents the specific problem under study and describes the research strategy. Problem, objectives and background information needs to be clearly stated in the introduction part. The information given in this section should be cited accordingly (see References). The introduction should be followed by method, results, discussion and conclusion respectively.


All sections (excluding references and extended Turkish abstract) and headings should be written in Times New Roman font with size 12 and single-spaced.


The purpose of the Introduction should be to supply sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without needing to refer to previous publications on the topic. You should state briefly and clearly your purpose in writing the paper. Much of the Introduction should be written in the present tense, because you will be referring primarily to your problem and the established knowledge relating to it at the start of your work. Suggested rules for a good Introduction are as follows: (1) The Introduction should present first, with all possible clarity, the nature and scope of the problem investigated. (2) It should review the pertinent literature to orient the reader. (3) It should state the method of the investigation. If deemed necessary, the reasons for the choice of a particular method should be stated. (4) It should state the principal results of the investigation. (5) It should state the principal conclusion(s) suggested by the results.




Method section describes in detail how the study was conducted, including conceptual and operational definitions of the variables used in the study (e.g. description of experimental manipulations or interventions; sampling procedures, sample size and precision; measurement and the research design). The Method section provides sufficient detail for the work to be reproduced or replicated. Methods already published elsewhere should be given by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described (APA, 2010). The following is an example of such a synopsis:


“We present cross-sectional and 3-year longitudinal data from a study of adults aged 55 to 84 .... The memory tasks were those used in our previous research (Zelinski et al., 1990; Zelinski, Gilewski, & Thompson, 1980).”


Method section usually has subheadings. If possible, create subheadings that match those to be used in Results.


To section your text, please use type of headings mentioned below. 1st level of heading as being the Section 1 (e.g. Introduction) constitutes the 2nd level of heading as being the Section 1.1 (e.g. The Study Area).


Second Level of Heading 


Second level of heading should be flush left (no tab space), boldface, uppercase and lowercase (APA, 2010). 


Third level of heading.


Third level of heading should be indented (standard tab space), boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period (APA, 2010). 


Fourth level of heading.


Fourth level of heading should be indented (standard tab space), boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period (APA, 2010).





In the Results section, the collected data and the analysis performed on those data should be summarized. The data should be presented in sufficient detail to justify the conclusions. All relevant results must be mentioned including those that support and oppose the hypothesis/expectations (APA, 2010).


The results should be given in relevant format: Tables and figures enable authors to present a large amount of information efficiently and to make their data more comprehensible (APA, 2010).


Discussion and Conclusion


Conclusion section should include the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. It should be useful in the context of the existing literature and/or water management. Discussion of published literature should not be given. A combined Conclusion and Discussion section can be appropriate.


For review papers, it is important that discussion should be more than a summary of the literature and should provide a critical review of the study: how it could/could not be better performed to achieve the research objectives and in such circumstances.


Conclusion should deliver the essential message of a paper. Conclusion must not contain references to the cited literature.




The acknowledgments section includes material which is irrelevant to the actual report but is required for the record or for acknowledgment purposes.  The Acknowledgements give an opportunity for the authors to thank people who helped with the study or preparation of the paper. This includes anyone who provided technical assistance to the authors or provided reagents or equipment. This is also where the authors may indicate that the results of this study were presented in another form, such as a poster or abstract or at a symposium.


Authors cannot thank each other in the Acknowledgements and does not use dedications. Authors cannot thank the reviewers of their article.


Statements are all in active voice. Delete the words "would like to," "wish to," or "want to."

Abbreviations used in the text may be used without definitions. All other abbreviations (like chemicals or institutions) must be written out or defined. Honorifics that indicate gender and marital status (Mr., Ms., and Mrs.) should be deleted. Honorifics that indicate advanced degrees (such as Dr. or Prof.) or military rank should be retained.


Avoid the use of pronouns indicating possession, like his, her, or their. Sentences may have to be slightly restructured for readability. Retain and write out terms associated with specific companies such as corporation, incorporated, or limited.


Acknowledging That Results Have Been Presented Elsewhere


If the results were presented as an abstract in a journal, then there should be a citation relating to this. This citation can be as a numbered reference in the References or given as a full citation with the authors, title, journal, volume, page numbers, and year provided.


If the results were presented as part of scientific meeting, symposium, or other gathering, then there is some relevant information that should be given. At the very least, the name of the gathering and year should be cited. Other helpful items include the location of the gathering (city and state or country) and the full date of the occasion.




The authors thank Igor Henchman for technical assistance and Dr. Frankenstein for constructing the human model. We also thank the Umbrella Corporation providing the T1 virus.


Tables & Figures


To constitute a Table, use the format below:


Table 1

Estimated Distance (cm) for Letter and Digit Stimuli







14.5 (28.6)












31.8 (33.2)






Note. LL = lower limit, UL = upper limit.


~ Tables in the article should be like the example above in terms of format. Label the table (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.) with a caption (the caption serves as title and explanation, in italics) 1.15 spaced.

~ Label should line up with the left-hand margin, the table is left justified.

~ If the table is reproduced from another source, include the citation at the end of the caption.

~Abbreviations of technical terms, group names, and the like must be explained in the table title or in a note to the table.














To constitute a Figure, use the format below:



Figure 1. Accuracy in Experiment 1 for each type of feedback and for each test.


Error bars represent standard errors. Points are offset horizontally so that error bars are visible. Adapted from "When Does Feedback Facilitate Learning of Words?" by H. Pashler, N.J. Cepeda, J. T. Wixted, and D. Rohrer, 2005, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31, p. 5. Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association.


~ Label the visual (e.g., Figure 1., Figure 2., etc.; in italics) with a caption (the caption serves as title and explanation, not in italics) 1.15 spaced.

~ If the table is reproduced from another source, include the citation at the end of the caption.

~ Label should line up with the left-hand margin, the visual is left justified.

The more common types of figures used as follows:

  • Graphs typically display the relationship between two quantitative indices or between a continuous quantitative variable (usually displayed as the y axis) and groups of subjects displayed along the x axis.

  • Charts generally display non-quantitative information such as the flow of subjects through a process, for example, flow charts.

  • Maps generally display spatial information.


For more details about references in APA format, please visit




References (Times New Roman, font size 12)

Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title).

In a scientific paper, the references are given in two ways: in the text of the paper (citation) and complete reference information at the end of the paper (Reference section).

In-text reference can be given both by rephrasing or quoting. For rephrased information which is the information put into your own words, use author's surname followed immediately by the copyright year in brackets within the sentence or at the end of the sentence before the period.

For quoted information which is the information copied word for word, use the author's surname followed immediately by the copyright year in brackets and the page from which the information was copied in brackets at the end of the sentence. For example;

Olson (2000) stated that, “Teachers are at the nexus of curriculum implementation” (p. 171).

Basic Rules

  • All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation.

  • Be given in Times New Roman with font size 10 and justified.

  • Authors' names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors. If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name. After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work.

  • Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

  • For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

  • Present the journal title in full.

  • Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.

    • For example: ReCALL not RECALL or Knowledge Management Research & Practice not Knowledge Management Research and Practice. 

  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles.

  • When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. 

  • Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.

  • Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.

For more details about references in APA format, please visit


Extended Turkish Abstract


Extended Turkish Abstract

(Genişletilmiş Türkçe Özet)


Put the Turkish Title Here (Max. 12 Words, Times New Roman, font size 10)



You need to insert an extended Turkish abstract into this section by taking into account exactly the same format. The abstract typically ranges from 750 to 1000 words, and should be in Times New Roman font with size 10 in justified. The number of its words should be included in the manuscript’s total words number.  Please write it with using paragraphs and without using special sub-headings (introduction, method etc.). It should include basic ideas and findings of the manuscript. The abstract needs to be dense with information.







TJWSM expects all stakeholders to bear the following ethical responsibilities within the scope of publication ethics.

The following ethical duties and responsibilities have been prepared as open access, taking into account guidelines and policies published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

· Copyright fee cannot be claimed for the articles submitted to the journal or published in the journal.

· Author’s submissions are expected to be original.

· The references used in text and utilized should be written in the end-text references completely and suitable for basic rules of APA.

· Those who wish to withdraw their submitted paper for publication due to delays or other reasons should apply with a letter.

· The author (s) may be asked for raw data on their manuscripts within the framework of the evaluation process, in which case the author (s) should be prepared to submit the expected data and information to the editorial board and the scientific board.

· The author (s) have an obligation to cooperate with the editor to inform, correct or withdraw the journal editor or publisher if he / she discovers any errors or errors in the published, early appearance or evaluation phase.

· After starting the evaluation process of article, it is not possible to change the author responsibilities (such as adding an author, reordering of author names, removing the author).

· Authors should be provided with explanatory and informative notification and return to the editors.

· The authors should not contradict the ethics of scientific research and publication.

Ethical Responsibilities of Editors

TJWSM editors and field editors should have the following ethical duties and responsibilities on the basis of COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as open access.

General Duties and Responsibilities

Editors are responsible for every publication in TJWSM. In this respect, editors have the following roles and obligations:

· Making efforts to meet the information needs of readers and writers,

· Ensuring the continuous development of the journal,

· Conducting processes to improve the quality of the studies published in the journal,

· Supporting freedom of thought,

· Ensuring academic integrity,

· Continuing processes without compromising intellectual rights and ethical standards,

· Demonstrate clarity and transparency in terms of publication in matters requiring correction, clarification.

Relations with the Readers

Editors should make decisions based on the knowledge, skills and expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners that they need. In addition, the editors are obliged to take into account of feedback from readers, researchers and practitioners and provide explanatory and informative feedback. They should pay attention to the fact that the published works should provide readers, researchers, practitioners for scientific contributions and be original..

Relations with Authors

• Editors should make positive or negative decisions based on the importance of the work, original value, validity, clarity of expression and the aims and objectives of the journal.

• The studies that are in compliance with the publication scope should be taken to the pre-evaluation stage unless there is a serious problem.

• Editors should not ignore the favorable referee recommendations unless there is a serious problem with the work.

• New editors should not change the decisions made by the previous editor (s) for the work, unless there is a serious problem.

• "Blind Judging and Evaluation Process" must be published and editors should avoid deviations from the defined processes.

• Editors should publish an Author's Guide, updated periodically, which provide details of every topic to be expected by the authors.

Relations with Referees

• Editors should select referees according to the subject of the study.

• Editors oblige to provide the information and guides that referee’s need during the evaluation phase.

• Editors must observe whether there is a conflict of interest between authors and referees.

• The referees' identity information must be kept confidential.

• Encourage referees to consider working in an unbiased, scientific and objective.

• Evaluate referees with criteria such as timely return and performance.

• Develop policies and practices to improve the performance of referees.

• Take the necessary steps to dynamically update the referee pool.

• Prevent disrespectful and unscientific assessments.

Relations with Editorial Board

Editors should ensure that all editorial board members implement the processes according to editorial policies and guidelines and also should inform the members about the publication policies and developments. The editors must train new ones and provide the information they need.

In addition, editors;

• Ensure that the editorial board members evaluate the work impartially and independently.

• To select new editorial board members who are merit.

• Send manuscripts for review based on the subject of expertise of the editorial board members.

• Interact regularly with the editorial board.

• Organize meetings with the editorial board periodically for the development of publishing policies and journals.

Editorial and Blind Arbitration Processes

The Journal’s "Blind Arbitration and Evaluation Process" policies in the publication policies. In this context, the editors ensure that the fair, impartial and timely evaluation of each work is completed. Editors are obliged to comply with the policies of "Blind Review and Review Process" stated in the journal's publication policies. Therefore, the editors ensure that each manuscript is reviewed in an unbiased, fair and timely manner.

Quality assurance

Editors are responsible for the publication of each article in accordance with journals’ publishing policies and international standards.

Protection of personal data

Editors are responsible for protecting the individual data of the authors, referees and readers.

Ethics committee, human and animal rights

Editors are to ensure the protection of human and animal rights in the studies evaluated. Ethics committee should be responsible for rejection of the studies that have no permission for experimental research.

Measures against possible abuse and misconduct

Editors are obliged to take measures against possible abuse and misconduct. In addition to conducting a rigorous and objective investigation for the identification and evaluation of complaints, the editors are also responsible for sharing the findings.

Ensuring the integrity of academic publications

Editors should ensure that errors, inconsistencies or misleading in the work are quickly corrected.

Protection of intellectual property rights

Editors are to protect the intellectual property rights of all published articles and to defend the rights of journal and author (s) in case of possible violations.

Creativity and openness to discussion

Editors should take into account the persuasive criticisms of the works published in the journal and take a constructive attitude towards these criticisms.

They should give chance to the author (s) to respond to the review comments. They should not ignore or exclude studies having negative results.


Editors are obliged to examine the complaints coming from the authors, referees or readers carefully and to respond explanatory manner.

Political and commercial concerns

The owner, publisher and any other political and commercial elements must not affect the editors’ independent decision-making.

Conflicts of interest

Editors should ensures that the manuscripts are completed in an independent and impartial manner. They should take into account conflicts of interest among the author (s), the referees and other editors.

Responsibilities of Referees

TJWSM’ assessment process is carried out with the principle of double-blinded refereeing. Meanwhile the referees cannot contact the authors directly. Reviews and comments are communicated through the journal management system. In this process, referee comments on evaluation forms and full texts are forwarded to the author (s) via the editor. In this context, the referees evaluating work for TJWSM are expected to have the following ethical responsibilities:

• Articles submitted to the journal are subject to at least two referees

• If one of the two referees gives a negative opinion, the manuscript is directed to a third referee or the editor to make the final decision.

• Assessments should be impartial.

• Referees must be experts in the article’s subject matter.

• Referees should not be in conflict of interest with research, authors and / or research funders.

• Checked articles should be kept confidential.

• They should dispose of the studies after reviewing with respect to the principle of confidentiality. They can only use the final versions of the studies they have reviewed after they are published.

• Evaluation should be objective in relation to the content of the study. Nationality, gender, religious beliefs, political beliefs and commercial concerns should not be allowed to influence assessment.

• Referees should evaluate article in a constructive and polite language. Do not make humiliating personal comments that include hostility, slander and insult.

• In case of any abuse of the author (s) (eg plagiarism or similar unethical activities), they should immediately inform the editor.

• Referees must adhere to and apply the ethical rules to which the author of the article is assessed.

• Referees should carry out the work they accept to evaluate in a timely manner

Editorial Board Members Ethical Responsibilities

The Editorial Board Members should be aware of the following ethical responsibilities:

• Editors does not demand any fee from the authors.

• Editors are responsible for all processes of the work sent to TJWSM. Thus editors who make decisions regardless of economic or political gains.

• Editors make independent decision.

• TJWSM protects copyright of each published article and keeps records of each published copy.

• TJWSM keeps the database accessible over the internet.

• Has the responsibility to take all kinds of scientific misconduct, citation and plagiarism-related measures for editors.

Actions Contrary to the Ethics of Scientific Research and Publication :

Plagiarism: To present the ideas, methods, data, applications, writings, forms or works of others as part of their own work without referring to the scientific rules.

Fraud: Producing data that is not based on research, editing or modifying the submitted or published work based on unrealistic data, reporting or publishing them, portray

Distortion: To falsify research records and obtained data, to show the methods devices and materials not used in the research as if they are used, not to evaluate data that are not supporting the research hypothesis, to play with data and / or results in order to fit relevant theories or assumptions in line with the interests of the persons and organizations supported, to falsify or shape research results.

Republishing: To present more than one work containing the same results of a research as if they are separate works for using in academic promotions.

Slicing: To present the results of a research as separate works in the evaluation of associate professorship examinations and academic promotions by disrupting the integrity of the research, disaggregating it inappropriately and making numerous publications without referring to each other.

Unfair authorship: To include people who do not have active contributions to the authors, not to include those who have active contributions to the authors, to change the order of the author in an unjustified and inappropriate manner, to remove the names of those who have active contributions during publication or in subsequent editions, and to use their names even though they do not have active contributions.

Other types of ethical violations: Not to specify the publication of the research conducted by the people, institutions or organizations that support the research and their contributions to the research, to disobey ethical rules of human and animal research, not to respect for patient rights in publications, referees share field information with others before publication, to use the resources, spaces, facilities and equipment provided or reserved for scientific research without purpose, and to accuse completely unjustified, unwarranted and deliberate violation of ethics (YÖK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive, Article 8).

If you encounter an unethical situation

If you notice significant errors or inaccuracies in an article published in TJWSM, or if you encounter any ethical conduct or content other than those mentioned above, please email . Complaints will provide an opportunity for us to improve, so we welcome complaints and aim to return quickly and constructively