Author Guidelines

All sections (excluding Abstract and Öz) should have single-line spacing and set uniform margins of at least 1 in. (2.54 cm) on the top, bottom, left, and right of every page. The main text should be in Times New Roman and font size 12. Paragraphs should be indented with standard tab space.

Please read the details on manuscript preparation through the link below.




The category of manuscript (ex. Research Article)(Times New Roman font size 10 and italic)

Without Changing the Format You Need to Put the English Title of Maximum 12 Words Here (Times New Roman, font size 14)


Put the Turkish Title Here (Max. 12 Words, Times New Roman, font size 14)


Put the Corresponding Author Here1, Put the Other Authors Here Respectively2


1Put the mailing address here

put the author’s email address here

2Put the mailing address here

put the author’s email address here

(Times New Roman, font size 10)




You need to insert an English abstract into this section by taking into account exactly the same format. The abstract typically ranges from 150 to 250 words, and should be in font size 10 in justified. An abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly and it enables people interested in the document to retrieve it from abstracting and indexing databases. The abstract needs to be dense with information. By embedding key words in your abstract, you enhance the users’ ability to find it. A good abstract should be accurate, non-evaluative, concise, coherent and readable. Type the abstract itself as a single paragraph without paragraph indentation (APA, 2010). The Abstract should (1) state the principal objectives and scope of the investigation, (2) describe the methods employed, (3) summarize the results, and (4) state the principal conclusions. Most or all of the Abstract should be written in the past tense, because it refers to work done.

Keywords: keywords should not exceed 5 words, be all in lowercase, italic and comma separated




Bu kısma biçimlendirmeyi bozmadan makalenizin Türkçe özetini yazabilirsiniz. Öz, 10 punto büyüklüğünde, iki yana yaslı ve 150-250 sözcük arasında olmalıdır. Öz makale içeriğinin yalın ve kapsamlı bir özetidir, okuyucuların makaleyi hızlı olarak incelemelerini ve makalenin ilgilenen kişiler tarafından veri tabanından bulunmasını sağlar. İyi bir öz hatasız, var olan bilgiyi değerlendirmeden çok raporlayan, kısa, uyumlu ve okunabilir olmalıdır. Özü tek bir paragraf olarak girinti kullanmadan yazınız. Kısa Özet (1) araştırmanın kapsamını ve esas amaçları belirtmeli (2) kullanılan metodolojiyi tanımlamalı (3) bulguları özetlemeli ve (4) ana sonuçları belirtmelidir. Kısa Özet’in çoğu veya tamamı, yapılmış çalışmaya atıf olduğu için, geçmiş zamanda yazılmalıdır.

Anahtar sözcükler: en fazla 5 anahtar sözcük bulunmalı, tamamı küçük harflerle, italik yazılmalı ve virgül (,) işareti ile birbirinden ayrılmalıdır




The Introduction label (1st level of heading) should be in centered, boldface, uppercase and lowercase (APA, 2010). Other sections (Method, Results, Discussion and Conclusion, and Acknowledgement) need to follow the same format.


The body of a manuscript opens with an introduction that presents the specific problem under study and describes the research strategy. Problem, objectives and background information needs to be clearly stated in the introduction part. The information given in this section should be cited accordingly (see References). The introduction should be followed by method, results, discussion and conclusion respectively.


All sections (excluding references and extended Turkish abstract) and headings should be written in Times New Roman font with size 12 and single-spaced.


The purpose of the Introduction should be to supply sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without needing to refer to previous publications on the topic. You should state briefly and clearly your purpose in writing the paper. Much of the Introduction should be written in the present tense, because you will be referring primarily to your problem and the established knowledge relating to it at the start of your work. Suggested rules for a good Introduction are as follows: (1) The Introduction should present first, with all possible clarity, the nature and scope of the problem investigated. (2) It should review the pertinent literature to orient the reader. (3) It should state the method of the investigation. If deemed necessary, the reasons for the choice of a particular method should be stated. (4) It should state the principal results of the investigation. (5) It should state the principal conclusion(s) suggested by the results.




Method section describes in detail how the study was conducted, including conceptual and operational definitions of the variables used in the study (e.g. description of experimental manipulations or interventions; sampling procedures, sample size and precision; measurement and the research design). The Method section provides sufficient detail for the work to be reproduced or replicated. Methods already published elsewhere should be given by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described (APA, 2010). The following is an example of such a synopsis:


“We present cross-sectional and 3-year longitudinal data from a study of adults aged 55 to 84 .... The memory tasks were those used in our previous research (Zelinski et al., 1990; Zelinski, Gilewski, & Thompson, 1980).”


Method section usually has subheadings. If possible, create subheadings that match those to be used in Results.


To section your text, please use type of headings mentioned below. 1st level of heading as being the Section 1 (e.g. Introduction) constitutes the 2nd level of heading as being the Section 1.1 (e.g. The Study Area).


Second Level of Heading 


Second level of heading should be flush left (no tab space), boldface, uppercase and lowercase (APA, 2010). 


Third level of heading.


Third level of heading should be indented (standard tab space), boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period (APA, 2010). 


Fourth level of heading.


Fourth level of heading should be indented (standard tab space), boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period (APA, 2010).





In the Results section, the collected data and the analysis performed on those data should be summarized. The data should be presented in sufficient detail to justify the conclusions. All relevant results must be mentioned including those that support and oppose the hypothesis/expectations (APA, 2010).


The results should be given in relevant format: Tables and figures enable authors to present a large amount of information efficiently and to make their data more comprehensible (APA, 2010).


Discussion and Conclusion


Conclusion section should include the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. It should be useful in the context of the existing literature and/or water management. Discussion of published literature should not be given. A combined Conclusion and Discussion section can be appropriate.


For review papers, it is important that discussion should be more than a summary of the literature and should provide a critical review of the study: how it could/could not be better performed to achieve the research objectives and in such circumstances.


Conclusion should deliver the essential message of a paper. Conclusion must not contain references to the cited literature.




The acknowledgments section includes material which is irrelevant to the actual report but is required for the record or for acknowledgment purposes.  The Acknowledgements give an opportunity for the authors to thank people who helped with the study or preparation of the paper. This includes anyone who provided technical assistance to the authors or provided reagents or equipment. This is also where the authors may indicate that the results of this study were presented in another form, such as a poster or abstract or at a symposium.


Authors cannot thank each other in the Acknowledgements and does not use dedications. Authors cannot thank the reviewers of their article.


Statements are all in active voice. Delete the words "would like to," "wish to," or "want to."

Abbreviations used in the text may be used without definitions. All other abbreviations (like chemicals or institutions) must be written out or defined. Honorifics that indicate gender and marital status (Mr., Ms., and Mrs.) should be deleted. Honorifics that indicate advanced degrees (such as Dr. or Prof.) or military rank should be retained.


Avoid the use of pronouns indicating possession, like his, her, or their. Sentences may have to be slightly restructured for readability. Retain and write out terms associated with specific companies such as corporation, incorporated, or limited.


Acknowledging That Results Have Been Presented Elsewhere


If the results were presented as an abstract in a journal, then there should be a citation relating to this. This citation can be as a numbered reference in the References or given as a full citation with the authors, title, journal, volume, page numbers, and year provided.


If the results were presented as part of scientific meeting, symposium, or other gathering, then there is some relevant information that should be given. At the very least, the name of the gathering and year should be cited. Other helpful items include the location of the gathering (city and state or country) and the full date of the occasion.




The authors thank Igor Henchman for technical assistance and Dr. Frankenstein for constructing the human model. We also thank the Umbrella Corporation providing the T1 virus.


Tables & Figures


To constitute a Table, use the format below:


Table 1

Estimated Distance (cm) for Letter and Digit Stimuli







14.5 (28.6)












31.8 (33.2)






Note. LL = lower limit, UL = upper limit.


~ Tables in the article should be like the example above in terms of format. Label the table (e.g., Table 1, Table 2, etc.) with a caption (the caption serves as title and explanation, in italics) 1.15 spaced.

~ Label should line up with the left-hand margin, the table is left justified.

~ If the table is reproduced from another source, include the citation at the end of the caption.

~Abbreviations of technical terms, group names, and the like must be explained in the table title or in a note to the table.














To constitute a Figure, use the format below:



Figure 1. Accuracy in Experiment 1 for each type of feedback and for each test.


Error bars represent standard errors. Points are offset horizontally so that error bars are visible. Adapted from "When Does Feedback Facilitate Learning of Words?" by H. Pashler, N.J. Cepeda, J. T. Wixted, and D. Rohrer, 2005, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31, p. 5. Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association.


~ Label the visual (e.g., Figure 1., Figure 2., etc.; in italics) with a caption (the caption serves as title and explanation, not in italics) 1.15 spaced.

~ If the table is reproduced from another source, include the citation at the end of the caption.

~ Label should line up with the left-hand margin, the visual is left justified.

The more common types of figures used as follows:

  • Graphs typically display the relationship between two quantitative indices or between a continuous quantitative variable (usually displayed as the y axis) and groups of subjects displayed along the x axis.

  • Charts generally display non-quantitative information such as the flow of subjects through a process, for example, flow charts.

  • Maps generally display spatial information.


For more details about references in APA format, please visit




References (Times New Roman, font size 12)

Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title).

In a scientific paper, the references are given in two ways: in the text of the paper (citation) and complete reference information at the end of the paper (Reference section).

In-text reference can be given both by rephrasing or quoting. For rephrased information which is the information put into your own words, use author's surname followed immediately by the copyright year in brackets within the sentence or at the end of the sentence before the period.

For quoted information which is the information copied word for word, use the author's surname followed immediately by the copyright year in brackets and the page from which the information was copied in brackets at the end of the sentence. For example;

Olson (2000) stated that, “Teachers are at the nexus of curriculum implementation” (p. 171).

Basic Rules

  • All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. This is called hanging indentation.

  • Be given in Times New Roman with font size 10 and justified.

  • Authors' names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors. If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name. After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work.

  • Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.

  • For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.

  • Present the journal title in full.

  • Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.

    • For example: ReCALL not RECALL or Knowledge Management Research & Practice not Knowledge Management Research and Practice. 

  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles.

  • When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. 

  • Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.

  • Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.

For more details about references in APA format, please visit


Extended Turkish Abstract


Extended Turkish Abstract

(Genişletilmiş Türkçe Özet)


Put the Turkish Title Here (Max. 12 Words, Times New Roman, font size 10)



You need to insert an extended Turkish abstract into this section by taking into account exactly the same format. The abstract typically ranges from 750 to 1000 words, and should be in Times New Roman font with size 10 in justified. The number of its words should be included in the manuscript’s total words number.  Please write it with using paragraphs and without using special sub-headings (introduction, method etc.). It should include basic ideas and findings of the manuscript. The abstract needs to be dense with information.