Year 2019, Volume 6 , Issue 2, Pages 43 - 70 2019-12-30

European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership

Volkan İPEK [1] , Selin TÜRKEŞ-KILIÇ [2]


This article analyzes Kingdom of Morocco’s and Turkey’s full membership application processes to the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1987 from an identity perspective. Construction of both Morocco’s and Turkey’s European-ness are being analyzed following the postcolonial and modernization theories aspects of poststructuralist approach by taking official discourses of the political leaders in the two states at the time of application into account. In the conventional narratives of the establishment of their modern states, Morocco perceived Europe as the other in terms of its being former colonizer whereas Turkey perceived Europe as the other in terms of its being  threat to its national unity before the establishment of the Republic in 1923. In spite of this, two states tried to add European-ness onto their national identity with their application to the EEC in 1987 by being obliged to demonstrate not why European but how European they were. This obligation was shaped around the postcolonial theory for Morocco’s case, whereas it was around the modernization one for Turkey.  The article, then, takes the official discourses on European-ness by the Moroccan and Turkish leaders which were taken as dynamic processes. Later, it analyzes them in the light of postcolonial nationalism for Morocco and modernization theory for Turkey. In this respect, the article demonstrates how Europe and European-ness that was once regarded as the “other” by Turkey and Morocco were tried to add in Moroccan and Turkish national identities in the path to become a full member to the EEC. 

Morocco, Turkey, European Economic Community, identity, Europeanness
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Published Date 2019/2
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8476-9364
Author: Volkan İPEK (Primary Author)
Institution: Yeditepe Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2767-3649
Author: Selin TÜRKEŞ-KILIÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: Yeditepe Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { tocd607538, journal = {Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2147-7523}, eissn = {2630-5631}, address = {}, publisher = {Sakarya University}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {43 - 70}, doi = {10.26513/tocd.607538}, title = {European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership}, key = {cite}, author = {İpek, Volkan and Türkeş-kılıç, Selin} }
APA İpek, V , Türkeş-kılıç, S . (2019). European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership . Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi , 6 (2) , 43-70 . DOI: 10.26513/tocd.607538
MLA İpek, V , Türkeş-kılıç, S . "European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership" . Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 6 (2019 ): 43-70 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tocd/issue/48810/607538>
Chicago İpek, V , Türkeş-kılıç, S . "European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 6 (2019 ): 43-70
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership AU - Volkan İpek , Selin Türkeş-kılıç Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.607538 DO - 10.26513/tocd.607538 T2 - Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 43 EP - 70 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - 2147-7523-2630-5631 M3 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.607538 UR - https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.607538 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership %A Volkan İpek , Selin Türkeş-kılıç %T European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership %D 2019 %J Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi %P 2147-7523-2630-5631 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26513/tocd.607538 %U 10.26513/tocd.607538
ISNAD İpek, Volkan , Türkeş-kılıç, Selin . "European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 6 / 2 (December 2019): 43-70 . https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.607538
AMA İpek V , Türkeş-kılıç S . European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2019; 6(2): 43-70.
Vancouver İpek V , Türkeş-kılıç S . European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2019; 6(2): 43-70.
IEEE V. İpek and S. Türkeş-kılıç , "European Turkey and European Morocco: Two Identity Construction cases in the path to the EEC membership", Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 43-70, Dec. 2020, doi:10.26513/tocd.607538