Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 1, Pages 13 - 44 2020-06-30

International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?
Suriye İç Savaşı’nda Uluslararası Barış Görüşmeleri: ‘Kaçınılmaz’ Başarısızlık Mı?

İ. Aytaç KADIOĞLU [1]


The purpose of this article is to assess international negotiation efforts towards ending the civil war in Syria. Although many peace events have been organised since the beginning of the civil war, the existing literature has paid little attention on the impact of international peace efforts in ending the Syrian war. The article aims to close this gap by assessing major peace efforts between 2011 and 2019: The Arab League Peace Plan, the United Nations peace initiatives, and the Geneva, Vienna and Astana peace talks. It analyses these efforts through official reports and documents published by the UN, US, Republic of Turkey, UN Security Council, and members of peace initiatives. These documents are complemented by newspaper articles showing the official views of the regional and global actors as well as the key agents of the conflict. Therefore, the article reveals the reasons for the failure of these conflict resolution efforts. It utilises official negotiation and ripeness approaches to investigate the insights and contents of peace efforts. The article argues that the regional and global powers have acted as facilitators instead of mediators in the peace talks. It finds that even though these peace events are viewed as official negotiations, they are only pre-negotiation efforts.
Bu makalenin amacı, Suriye İç Savaşı’nı sona erdirmede uluslararası görüşmelerin etkisini analiz etmektir. Savaşın başlamasından bugüne çok sayıda barış görüşmesi yapılsa da, mevcut literatürde uluslararası barış görüşmelerinin Suriye savaşını erdirmedeki etkisi yeterli düzeyde yer bulmamaktadır. Makale, literatürdeki bu boşluğu 2011-2019 yılları arasındaki temel barış çalışmalarını inceleyerek doldurmayı hedeflemektedir: Arap Birliği Barış Planı, Birleşmiş Milletler (BM) barış girişimleri, Cenevre, Viyana ve Astana barış görüşmeleri. Bu görüşmeler; BM, ABD, Türkiye, BM Güvenlik Konseyi ve barış görüşmeleri sonunda deklare edilen resmi raporlar aracılığıyla analiz edilmektedir. Bölgesel ve uluslararası aktörlerin ve çatışmadaki kilit grupların görüşleri de gazete arşivleri yoluyla incelenmektedir. Bu sayede, çatışma çözümü çalışmalarının başarısız olma nedenleri açığa çıkartılmaktadır. Araştırma, barış çalışmalarını analiz edebilmek için uluslararası görüşmeler ve uygunluk-hazırlık (ripeness) teorik yaklaşımlarından faydalanmaktadır. Makalenin iddiası; bölgesel ve uluslararası güçlerin barış görüşmelerinde tarafsız birer arabulucu yerine yalnızca kolaylaştırıcı görevi gördüğüdür. Makale, şimdiye kadarki barış çalışmaları resmi görüşmeler olarak nitelense de, aslında bu çalışmaların resmi görüşmeleri gerçekleştirebilmek için bir hazırlayıcı, yani ön görüşmeler olduğu sonucuna varmaktadır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7957-0900
Author: İ. Aytaç KADIOĞLU (Primary Author)
Institution: Adıyaman University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tocd661254, journal = {Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2147-7523}, eissn = {2630-5631}, address = {}, publisher = {Sakarya University}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {13 - 44}, doi = {10.26513/tocd.661254}, title = {International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?}, key = {cite}, author = {Kadıoğlu, İ. Aytaç} }
APA Kadıoğlu, İ . (2020). International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure? . Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi , 7 (1) , 13-44 . DOI: 10.26513/tocd.661254
MLA Kadıoğlu, İ . "International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?" . Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 7 (2020 ): 13-44 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tocd/issue/54334/661254>
Chicago Kadıoğlu, İ . "International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 7 (2020 ): 13-44
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure? AU - İ. Aytaç Kadıoğlu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.661254 DO - 10.26513/tocd.661254 T2 - Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 13 EP - 44 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2147-7523-2630-5631 M3 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.661254 UR - https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.661254 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure? %A İ. Aytaç Kadıoğlu %T International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure? %D 2020 %J Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi %P 2147-7523-2630-5631 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.26513/tocd.661254 %U 10.26513/tocd.661254
ISNAD Kadıoğlu, İ. Aytaç . "International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 7 / 1 (June 2020): 13-44 . https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.661254
AMA Kadıoğlu İ . International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2020; 7(1): 13-44.
Vancouver Kadıoğlu İ . International Peace Efforts in the Syrian Civil War: The ‘Inevitable’ Failure?. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2020; 7(1): 13-44.