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USEFULNESS AND CHALLENGES OF CLUSTERED SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING MODULES IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL DISTANCE LEARNING

Year 2024, Volume: 25 Issue: 1, 155 - 178, 01.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1143460

Abstract

Despite the promising outcome of modular distance learning, its implementation is challenging. Thus, this study aimed to examine the usefulness and challenges of the implemented clustered self-directed learning modules in entrepreneurship for senior high school distance learning amidst the emerging pandemic using the descriptive-survey research method. This study was conducted at Espiritu Santo Parochial School of Manila, Inc., during the school year 2021–2022, among Grade 12 students using a stratified proportional random sampling technique. The study used both quantitative and qualitative methods of analyzing the data, including descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. As a result, all the modules were inferred to be very effective and very useful in terms of their usefulness for distance learning. On the other hand, there were six emergent themes from twenty-five challenges, as follows: (a) difficulties and limitations in theoretical and practical processes; (b) concerns about time constraints and academic workloads; (c) technical issues in learning modules; (d) problems with communication, lessons, and instructions; (e) issues with online learning, connectivity, and learning management systems; and (f) external and personal challenges as a student. These challenges were the basis in framing the recommendations of the students in addressing the aforementioned emergent themes.

References

  • Alea, L. A., Fabrea, M. F., Roldan, R. D. A., & Farooqi, A. Z. (2020). Teachers' Covid-19 awareness, distance learning education experiences and perceptions towards institutional readiness and challenges. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(6), 127-144.
  • Arthur-Nyarko, E., Agyei, D. D., & Armah, J. K. (2020). Digitizing distance learning materials: Measuring students’ readiness and intended challenges. Education and Information Technologies, 25(4), 2987-3002.
  • Bravo, C. D. S., Dimalanta, F. D. R., Jusay, K. A. P., Vitug, M. Y., & Tabuena, A. C. (2022). Inclination state on the Philippine culture and arts using the appraisal theory: Factors of progress and deterioration. Participatory Educational Research, 9(1), 388–403.
  • Borromeo, O. J. (2021). Profile and competence of learning facilitators in modular distance learning. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Studies, 1(3), 67-79.
  • Calderon, J. F., & Gonzales, E. C. (2011). Methods of research and thesis writing. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: National Books Store.
  • Calmorin L. P. (2010). Research and statistics with computer. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: National Books Store.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed). SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Department of Education (2019). Alternative delivery mode learning resource standards. Pasig City, Philippines: Department of Education.
  • Dochy, F. J. R. C. (1989). Modularisation and student learning in modular instruction in relation with prior knowledge. Open University, Heerlen (Netherlands): Centre for Educational Technological Irnovation.
  • Jaramillo, N. R. (2002). Enriching classroom instruction through the use of supplementary materials. The Educators Diary, Manila: SIBS Publishing House Incorporated.
  • Kebritchi, M., Lipschuetz, A., & Santiague, L. (2017). Issues and challenges for teaching successful online courses in higher education: A literature review. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 46(1), 4-29.
  • LeCompte, M. & Preissle, J. (1993). Ethnography and qualitative design in educational research (2nd ed). Academic Press.
  • Luaña, J. P. (2021). Why do parents answer their children’s modules? A closer look on parental practices and challenges in modular distance learning. International Journal of Global Community, 4(1), 1-16.
  • Meyer, R. G. (2016). Modules from design to implementation. Singapore: Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education.
  • Musingafi, M. C., Mapuranga, B., Chiwanza, K., & Zebron, S. (2015). Challenges for open and distance learning (ODL) students: Experiences from students of the Zimbabwe Open University. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(18), 59-66.
  • Nardo, M. T. B. (2017). Modular instruction enhances learner autonomy. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(10), 1024-1034.
  • Tabuena, A. C., Morales, G. S., & Perez, M. L. A. C. (2021). Music assessment techniques for evaluating the students’ musical learning and performance in the Philippine k-12 basic education curriculum. Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 21(2), 192-203.
  • Tabuena, A. C., & Hilario, Y. M. C. (2021). Research data analysis methods in addressing the K-12 learning competency on data analysis procedures among senior high school research courses. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 8(3), 1-7.
  • Tabuena, A. C., Hilario, Y. M. C., & Buenaflor, M. P. (2021). Overview and exemplar components of the research methodology on the research writing process for senior high school students. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, 5(3), 117-126.
  • Tugano, M. S., Tria, J. Z., & Tonio, J. Z. (2022). Modular Learning amidst COVID-19 Pandemic: Satisfaction Among Students in a Higher Education Institution. International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 4(2).
  • World Bank. (2020). Remote Learning, Distance Education and Online Learning During the COVID19 Pandemic. eLearning World Bank. Retrieved June 1, 2022 from https://doi.org/10.1596/33499
  • World Health Organization (WHO). (March, 2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 Report (COVID-19), Situation Report – 59. Retrieved June 1, 2022 from https://www.who.int/docs/defaultsource/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200319-sitrep-59-covid19.pdf?sfvrsn=c3dcdef9_2
Year 2024, Volume: 25 Issue: 1, 155 - 178, 01.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1143460

Abstract

References

  • Alea, L. A., Fabrea, M. F., Roldan, R. D. A., & Farooqi, A. Z. (2020). Teachers' Covid-19 awareness, distance learning education experiences and perceptions towards institutional readiness and challenges. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(6), 127-144.
  • Arthur-Nyarko, E., Agyei, D. D., & Armah, J. K. (2020). Digitizing distance learning materials: Measuring students’ readiness and intended challenges. Education and Information Technologies, 25(4), 2987-3002.
  • Bravo, C. D. S., Dimalanta, F. D. R., Jusay, K. A. P., Vitug, M. Y., & Tabuena, A. C. (2022). Inclination state on the Philippine culture and arts using the appraisal theory: Factors of progress and deterioration. Participatory Educational Research, 9(1), 388–403.
  • Borromeo, O. J. (2021). Profile and competence of learning facilitators in modular distance learning. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Studies, 1(3), 67-79.
  • Calderon, J. F., & Gonzales, E. C. (2011). Methods of research and thesis writing. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: National Books Store.
  • Calmorin L. P. (2010). Research and statistics with computer. Mandaluyong City, Philippines: National Books Store.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed). SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Department of Education (2019). Alternative delivery mode learning resource standards. Pasig City, Philippines: Department of Education.
  • Dochy, F. J. R. C. (1989). Modularisation and student learning in modular instruction in relation with prior knowledge. Open University, Heerlen (Netherlands): Centre for Educational Technological Irnovation.
  • Jaramillo, N. R. (2002). Enriching classroom instruction through the use of supplementary materials. The Educators Diary, Manila: SIBS Publishing House Incorporated.
  • Kebritchi, M., Lipschuetz, A., & Santiague, L. (2017). Issues and challenges for teaching successful online courses in higher education: A literature review. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 46(1), 4-29.
  • LeCompte, M. & Preissle, J. (1993). Ethnography and qualitative design in educational research (2nd ed). Academic Press.
  • Luaña, J. P. (2021). Why do parents answer their children’s modules? A closer look on parental practices and challenges in modular distance learning. International Journal of Global Community, 4(1), 1-16.
  • Meyer, R. G. (2016). Modules from design to implementation. Singapore: Colombo Plan Staff College for Technician Education.
  • Musingafi, M. C., Mapuranga, B., Chiwanza, K., & Zebron, S. (2015). Challenges for open and distance learning (ODL) students: Experiences from students of the Zimbabwe Open University. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(18), 59-66.
  • Nardo, M. T. B. (2017). Modular instruction enhances learner autonomy. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(10), 1024-1034.
  • Tabuena, A. C., Morales, G. S., & Perez, M. L. A. C. (2021). Music assessment techniques for evaluating the students’ musical learning and performance in the Philippine k-12 basic education curriculum. Harmonia: Journal of Arts Research and Education, 21(2), 192-203.
  • Tabuena, A. C., & Hilario, Y. M. C. (2021). Research data analysis methods in addressing the K-12 learning competency on data analysis procedures among senior high school research courses. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 8(3), 1-7.
  • Tabuena, A. C., Hilario, Y. M. C., & Buenaflor, M. P. (2021). Overview and exemplar components of the research methodology on the research writing process for senior high school students. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, 5(3), 117-126.
  • Tugano, M. S., Tria, J. Z., & Tonio, J. Z. (2022). Modular Learning amidst COVID-19 Pandemic: Satisfaction Among Students in a Higher Education Institution. International Journal of Professional Development, Learners and Learning, 4(2).
  • World Bank. (2020). Remote Learning, Distance Education and Online Learning During the COVID19 Pandemic. eLearning World Bank. Retrieved June 1, 2022 from https://doi.org/10.1596/33499
  • World Health Organization (WHO). (March, 2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 Report (COVID-19), Situation Report – 59. Retrieved June 1, 2022 from https://www.who.int/docs/defaultsource/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200319-sitrep-59-covid19.pdf?sfvrsn=c3dcdef9_2

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Lifelong learning
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Almighty Cortezo TABUENA 0000-0002-5875-3617

Elena Garcia VILLAREAL This is me 0000-0002-0774-629X

Publication Date January 1, 2024
Submission Date July 13, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2024 Volume: 25 Issue: 1

Cite

APA TABUENA, A. C., & VILLAREAL, E. G. (2024). USEFULNESS AND CHALLENGES OF CLUSTERED SELF-DIRECTED LEARNING MODULES IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL DISTANCE LEARNING. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 25(1), 155-178. https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1143460