Research Article
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EXPERIENCES OF GIFTED CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER, THEIR PARENTS, AND TEACHERS IN TURKIYE WITH THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Year 2024, Volume: 25 Issue: 1, 33 - 51, 01.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1183405

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the experiences of gifted children with autism spectrum disorder, their parents, and teachers with the COVID-19 pandemic and holistically reveal the reflections of the restrictions in this process and the transition to distance education on the lives and especially the education of gifted children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The study was designed with a phenomenological research design, one of the qualitative research methods. The study participants were gifted children with ASD, aged between 6-14 and continuing their education through inclusion, their parents and teachers. The research data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed in detail by interpretive phenomenological analysis. As a result of the data analysis, two themes, “The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on life” and “Distance education and its impacts in the COVID-19 process”, and 12 categories were reached. Recommendations were presented in line with the study findings and the literature.

References

  • Aliyyah, R. R., Rachmadtullah, R., Samsudin, A., Syaodih, E., Nurtanto, M., & Tambunan, A. R. S. (2020). The perceptions of primary school teachers of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic period: A case study in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(2), 90-109.
  • American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013).DSM-V:Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington (DC): American Psychiatric Association.
  • Amorim, R., Catarino, S., Miragaia, P., Ferreras, C., Viana, V., & Guardiano, M. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on children with autism spectrum disorder. Rev Neurol, 71(8), 285-291.
  • Aydın, İ. (2016). Akademik etik [Academic ethics]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
  • Brazendale, K., Beets, M. W., Weaver, R. G., Pate, R. R., Turner-McGrievy, G. M., Kaczynski, A. T., ... & von Hippel, P. T. (2017). Understanding differences between summer vs. school obesogenic behaviors of children: the structured days hypothesis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 1-14.
  • Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet.
  • Cahapay, M. B. (2020). How Filipino parents home educate their children with autism during COVID-19 period. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 1-4.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2013). Beş yaklaşıma göre nitel araştırma ve araştırma deseni (Çev: M. Bütün ve S. B. Demir) [Qualitative research and research design according to five approaches (Transl.: M. Bütün and S. B. Demir)]. Ankara: Siyasal Kitapevi.
  • Guba, E. G., and Lincoln, Y. S. (1982). Epistemological and methodological bases of naturalistic inquiry. ECTJ, 30(4), 233-252.
  • Güler, S, Halıcıoğlu, M. B. ve Taşğın, S. (2015). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma [Qualitative research in social sciences]. Ankara: Seçkin Yayınevi.
  • Hornstra, L., van den Bergh, L., Denissen, J. J., Diepstraten, I., & Bakx, A. (2022). Parents' perceptions of secondary school students' motivation and well‐being before and during the COVID‐19 lockdown: the moderating role of student characteristics. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 22(3), 209-220.
  • Hume, K., Waters, V., Sam, A., Steinbrenner, J., Perkins, Y., Dees, B., Tomaszewski, B., Rentschler, L., Szendrey, S., McIntyre, N., White, M., Nowell, S., & Odom, S. (2020). Supporting individuals with autism through uncertain times. Chapel Hill, NC: School of Education and Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Landa, R. (2007). Early communication development and intervention for children with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 13, 16- 25.
  • Majoko, T., & Dudu, A. (2020). Parents' strategies for home educating their children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during the COVID-19 period in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 1-5.
  • Magiaati, I., and Howlin, P. (2019). Adult life for people with autism spectrum disorder. In F. R. Volkmar (Ed.), Autism and pervasive developmental disorder (pp. 218-246). Cambridge: Cambridge Univercity Press.
  • Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2014). Designing qualitative research. London, Sage publications.
  • Miller, S., & Fredericks, M. (2003). The nature of "evidence" in qualitative research methods. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 2(1), 39-51.
  • Mumbardó-Adam, C., Barnet-López, S., & Balboni, G. (2021). How have youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder managed quarantine derived from COVID-19 pandemic? An approach to families perspectives. Research in developmental disabilities, 103860.
  • Neihart, M. (2008). Identifying and providing services to twice exceptional children. S. In Pfeiffer (Ed.), Handbook of Giftedness in Children (pp. 115-137). Boston, MA: Springer.
  • Ömür, N. & Vuran, S. (2019). Üstün zekâlı otizm spekrum bozukluğu (OSB) olan öğrencilerin özellikleri, davranışları ve eğitim gereksinimlerinin temellendirilmiş teoriyle belirlenmesi [Determination of the characteristics, behaviors, and educational needs of gifted children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with grounded theory]. Master’s Thesis. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
  • Putri, R. S., Purwanto, A., Pramono, R., Asbari, M., Wijayanti, L. M., & Hyun, C. C. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on online home learning: An explorative study of primary schools in Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5), 4809-4818.
  • Rimm, S. B., Siegle, D., & Davis, G. A. (2018). Education of the gifted and talented (Seventh edition). Pearson.
  • Rutter, M., and Schopler, E. (1987). Autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Concepts and diagnostic issues. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,17(2), 159-186.
  • Sani-Bozkurt, S., Bozkuş-Genç, G., & Yıldız, G. (2021). Reflections of COVID-19 Pandemic on Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Case Study. Eğitimde Nitel Araştırmalar Dergisi, 9(1), 28-50.
  • Sani-Bozkurt, S., Bozkuş-Genç, G., Vuran, S., Yıldız, G., Çelik, S., Diken H. İ. …(2022). COVID-19 salgınında Türkiye’deki özel gereksinimi olan öğrenciler ve ailelerine yönelik uzaktan özel eğitim uygulamalarına ilişkin uzman bakış açısı [An expert perspective on distance special education practices for students with special needs and their families in Turkey during the COVID-19 pandemic]. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Özel Eğitim Dergisi, 23(1), 133-164.
  • Smith, J. A. & Osborn, M. (2008). Interpretative phenomenological analysis, In J. A. Smith (Ed.). Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to methods (pp. 53-81). Londra: Sage.
  • Yıldırım, A. and Şimşek, H. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri [Qualitative research methods in the social sciences]. Ankara: Seçkin Yayınevi.
  • Wu, C., Lo, C., O., and Tsai, K. (2019). Learning experiences of highly able learners with ASD: Using a success case method. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 42(2), 1-27
Year 2024, Volume: 25 Issue: 1, 33 - 51, 01.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1183405

Abstract

References

  • Aliyyah, R. R., Rachmadtullah, R., Samsudin, A., Syaodih, E., Nurtanto, M., & Tambunan, A. R. S. (2020). The perceptions of primary school teachers of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic period: A case study in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(2), 90-109.
  • American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013).DSM-V:Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington (DC): American Psychiatric Association.
  • Amorim, R., Catarino, S., Miragaia, P., Ferreras, C., Viana, V., & Guardiano, M. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on children with autism spectrum disorder. Rev Neurol, 71(8), 285-291.
  • Aydın, İ. (2016). Akademik etik [Academic ethics]. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
  • Brazendale, K., Beets, M. W., Weaver, R. G., Pate, R. R., Turner-McGrievy, G. M., Kaczynski, A. T., ... & von Hippel, P. T. (2017). Understanding differences between summer vs. school obesogenic behaviors of children: the structured days hypothesis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 1-14.
  • Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet.
  • Cahapay, M. B. (2020). How Filipino parents home educate their children with autism during COVID-19 period. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 1-4.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2013). Beş yaklaşıma göre nitel araştırma ve araştırma deseni (Çev: M. Bütün ve S. B. Demir) [Qualitative research and research design according to five approaches (Transl.: M. Bütün and S. B. Demir)]. Ankara: Siyasal Kitapevi.
  • Guba, E. G., and Lincoln, Y. S. (1982). Epistemological and methodological bases of naturalistic inquiry. ECTJ, 30(4), 233-252.
  • Güler, S, Halıcıoğlu, M. B. ve Taşğın, S. (2015). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma [Qualitative research in social sciences]. Ankara: Seçkin Yayınevi.
  • Hornstra, L., van den Bergh, L., Denissen, J. J., Diepstraten, I., & Bakx, A. (2022). Parents' perceptions of secondary school students' motivation and well‐being before and during the COVID‐19 lockdown: the moderating role of student characteristics. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 22(3), 209-220.
  • Hume, K., Waters, V., Sam, A., Steinbrenner, J., Perkins, Y., Dees, B., Tomaszewski, B., Rentschler, L., Szendrey, S., McIntyre, N., White, M., Nowell, S., & Odom, S. (2020). Supporting individuals with autism through uncertain times. Chapel Hill, NC: School of Education and Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Landa, R. (2007). Early communication development and intervention for children with autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 13, 16- 25.
  • Majoko, T., & Dudu, A. (2020). Parents' strategies for home educating their children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during the COVID-19 period in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 1-5.
  • Magiaati, I., and Howlin, P. (2019). Adult life for people with autism spectrum disorder. In F. R. Volkmar (Ed.), Autism and pervasive developmental disorder (pp. 218-246). Cambridge: Cambridge Univercity Press.
  • Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2014). Designing qualitative research. London, Sage publications.
  • Miller, S., & Fredericks, M. (2003). The nature of "evidence" in qualitative research methods. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 2(1), 39-51.
  • Mumbardó-Adam, C., Barnet-López, S., & Balboni, G. (2021). How have youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder managed quarantine derived from COVID-19 pandemic? An approach to families perspectives. Research in developmental disabilities, 103860.
  • Neihart, M. (2008). Identifying and providing services to twice exceptional children. S. In Pfeiffer (Ed.), Handbook of Giftedness in Children (pp. 115-137). Boston, MA: Springer.
  • Ömür, N. & Vuran, S. (2019). Üstün zekâlı otizm spekrum bozukluğu (OSB) olan öğrencilerin özellikleri, davranışları ve eğitim gereksinimlerinin temellendirilmiş teoriyle belirlenmesi [Determination of the characteristics, behaviors, and educational needs of gifted children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with grounded theory]. Master’s Thesis. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
  • Putri, R. S., Purwanto, A., Pramono, R., Asbari, M., Wijayanti, L. M., & Hyun, C. C. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on online home learning: An explorative study of primary schools in Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5), 4809-4818.
  • Rimm, S. B., Siegle, D., & Davis, G. A. (2018). Education of the gifted and talented (Seventh edition). Pearson.
  • Rutter, M., and Schopler, E. (1987). Autism and pervasive developmental disorders: Concepts and diagnostic issues. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,17(2), 159-186.
  • Sani-Bozkurt, S., Bozkuş-Genç, G., & Yıldız, G. (2021). Reflections of COVID-19 Pandemic on Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Descriptive Case Study. Eğitimde Nitel Araştırmalar Dergisi, 9(1), 28-50.
  • Sani-Bozkurt, S., Bozkuş-Genç, G., Vuran, S., Yıldız, G., Çelik, S., Diken H. İ. …(2022). COVID-19 salgınında Türkiye’deki özel gereksinimi olan öğrenciler ve ailelerine yönelik uzaktan özel eğitim uygulamalarına ilişkin uzman bakış açısı [An expert perspective on distance special education practices for students with special needs and their families in Turkey during the COVID-19 pandemic]. Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Özel Eğitim Dergisi, 23(1), 133-164.
  • Smith, J. A. & Osborn, M. (2008). Interpretative phenomenological analysis, In J. A. Smith (Ed.). Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to methods (pp. 53-81). Londra: Sage.
  • Yıldırım, A. and Şimşek, H. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri [Qualitative research methods in the social sciences]. Ankara: Seçkin Yayınevi.
  • Wu, C., Lo, C., O., and Tsai, K. (2019). Learning experiences of highly able learners with ASD: Using a success case method. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 42(2), 1-27

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Lifelong learning
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Neslisah SIKICIKOGLU 0000-0002-1443-9335

Muharrem KOC 0000-0002-9138-2205

Seray OLCAY 0000-0002-5007-7466

Sezgin VURAN 0000-0001-7658-1102

Publication Date January 1, 2024
Submission Date October 2, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2024 Volume: 25 Issue: 1

Cite

APA SIKICIKOGLU, N., KOC, M., OLCAY, S., VURAN, S. (2024). EXPERIENCES OF GIFTED CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER, THEIR PARENTS, AND TEACHERS IN TURKIYE WITH THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 25(1), 33-51. https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1183405