Year 2020, Volume 11 , Issue 1, Pages 36 - 55 2020-01-30

İngilizce’yi Yabancı Dil Olarak Öğrenen Türk Öğrencilerin Öneri Sözeylem Stratejileri Kullanımı
A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners

Tuğba Elif TOPRAK [1]


Dil yeterliğinin temel bileşenlerinden biri olarak kabul edilen edimbilimsel yeterlik, sözeylemleri etkili kullanabilme becerisini içerir. İkinci/yabancı dil bağlamında, sözeylemlerin etkili bir biçimde kullanılması esas olarak iki nedenden ötürü önemlidir: i) sözeylemler iletişimin temel yapı taşlarından biridir, ii) sözeylemler hedef konuşma topluluğunun temel sosyal normlarını ve kültürel değerlerini yansıtmaktadır. Talep etme, özür dileme ve reddetme gibi sözeylemler pek çok çalışmada incelenmiş olsa da öneride bulunma sözeylemi ikinci/yabancı dil bağlamında ve özellikle yazma ortamında nispeten sınırlı sayıda çalışmada ele alınmıştır. Bu nitel çalışma, yetişkin Türk öğrencilerin öneri sözeylemini İngilizce’de yazılı ortamda nasıl gerçekleştirdiklerini irdelemektedir. Nitel veri, katılımcıların nasıl öneride bulunduklarını ve bu önerilerde ne tür dil stratejileri ve unsurlarını kullandıklarını anlamayı amaçlayan senaryo bazlı bir iletişimsel etkinlik kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Nitel içerik analizinin sonuçlarına göre, en sık kullanılan öneri stratejisi türü “konvensiyonelleştirilmiş” stratejiler iken, “doğrudan” stratejiler ise sınırlı sayıda kullanılmıştır. Ayrıca, katılımcıların öneri stratejisi olarak çoğunlukla olasılık ve gereklilik bildiren yapıları kullandıkları saptanmıştır. Buna ek olarak, katılımcıların mümkün olduğunca işbirlikçi bir söylemde bulundukları ve iletişim kurulan kişiye yöneltilen dayatmayı daha az tehdit edici hale getirmeye çalıştıkları katılımcıların sıklıkla kullandığı “yapabiliriz” yapısından da anlaşılmaktadır. 

Pragmatic competence can be regarded as one of the pillars of language competence and it involves the effective use of speech acts, which can be defined as carrying out actions through utterances. In second/foreign language contexts, using speech acts effectively grows highly significant mainly for two reasons: i) speech acts are fundamental to communication, ii) speech acts reflect the basic social norms and cultural values of the target speech community.  Although speech acts such as requests, apologies and refusals have been investigated in a plethora of studies, suggestions have received relatively limited scholarly attention in the English as a second/foreign language (ESL/EFL) contexts, and in particular, in a writing medium. As such, this qualitative study aims to investigate how Turkish EFL adult learners suggest in English in a writing medium. The data were collected by using a scenario-based task which helped elicit how the participants suggested and what kind of linguistic strategies and elements they used while making suggestions. The results of the qualitative content analysis demonstrated that the most commonly used suggestion type was “conventionalized” whereas “direct strategies” remained scarce. Moreover, it was found that the participants mostly used “possibility” and “should” as suggestion strategies. Overall, the findings suggested that the participants tried to render their suggestions as less face-threatening as possible by lessening the degree of imposition placed on the hearer while being as cooperative as possible, a tendency which can be deduced from the frequent use of “we can” structure.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0341-229X
Author: Tuğba Elif TOPRAK (Primary Author)
Institution: İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tojqi505686, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-6591}, address = {}, publisher = {Abdullah KUZU}, year = {2020}, volume = {11}, pages = {36 - 55}, doi = {10.17569/tojqi.505686}, title = {A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners}, key = {cite}, author = {TOPRAK, Tuğba Elif} }
APA TOPRAK, T . (2020). A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry , 11 (1) , 36-55 . DOI: 10.17569/tojqi.505686
MLA TOPRAK, T . "A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners". Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry 11 (2020 ): 36-55 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tojqi/issue/52179/505686>
Chicago TOPRAK, T . "A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners". Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry 11 (2020 ): 36-55
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners AU - Tuğba Elif TOPRAK Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17569/tojqi.505686 DO - 10.17569/tojqi.505686 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 36 EP - 55 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - -1309-6591 M3 - doi: 10.17569/tojqi.505686 UR - https://doi.org/10.17569/tojqi.505686 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners %A Tuğba Elif TOPRAK %T A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners %D 2020 %J Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry %P -1309-6591 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17569/tojqi.505686 %U 10.17569/tojqi.505686
ISNAD TOPRAK, Tuğba Elif . "A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners". Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry 11 / 1 (January 2020): 36-55 . https://doi.org/10.17569/tojqi.505686
AMA TOPRAK T . A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners. TOJQI. 2020; 11(1): 36-55.
Vancouver TOPRAK T . A Study on the Use of Suggestion Strategies among Turkish EFL Learners. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry. 2020; 11(1): 55-36.