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Evlilikte Bağlanma Yaralanmaları Ölçeği Geliştirme, Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 63, 543 - 566, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1051411

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı evli bireylerin bağlanma yaralanmaları düzeylerini belirlemeye yönelik geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı geliştirmektir. Araştırma tarama modeli olarak tasarlanmıştır ve bu doğrultuda yapılacak araştırmanın türü ise, bağlanma yaralanması kavramının yapısını ortaya koymaya ve kavramı ölçmeyi hedefleyen bir ölçme aracı geliştirmeye yönelik betimsel bir çalışma olarak belirlenmiştir. Bu doğrultuda ölçek geliştirme süreci adımları izlenerek madde havuzu oluşturulmuştur. İlk olarak 203 kadın ve 84 erkek olmak üzere 287 kişiden oluşan araştırma grubundan elde edilen veriler ile açımlayıcı faktör analizi ve geçerlik-güvenilirlik çalışmaları yürütülmüştür. Ardından 156 kadın ve 79 erkek olmak üzere 235 kişiden oluşan araştırma grubundan elde edilen veriler ile doğrulayıcı faktör analizi yapılmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda evli bireylerin bağlanma yaralanmaları düzeylerini ölçmeye yönelik “güvensiz bağlanma” ve “travma” olarak adlandırılan iki boyut ve 17 maddeden oluşan geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı elde edilmiştir.

References

  • Cerny, B. A. & Kaiser, H. F. (1977). A study of a measure of sampling adequacy for factor-analytic correlation matrices. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 12(1), 43-47. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr1201_3
  • Comrey, A. L. & Lee, H. B. (1992). Interpretation and application of factor analytic results. In A. L. Comrey, & H. B. Lee (Eds.), The first course is in factor analysis (p. 2). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Curun, F. (2001). The effects of sexism and sex role orientaion on romantic relationship satisfaction. (Unpublished master dissertation). Middle East Technical University.
  • Çelik, E. (2013). Adaptation of Marital Disaffection Scale To Turkish: Study of Validity and Reliability. Electronic Turkish Studies. 12(8), 249-261. http://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.5663
  • Devellis, R. F. (2003). Scale Development: Theory and Applications. Second Edition. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Ebel, R. L. (1965). Measuring educational achievement. Englewoodcliffs.
  • Erkuş, A. (2011). Scientific research process for behavioral sciences (3.Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin.
  • Erkuş, A. (2012). Psychological measurement and scale development – I. Ankara: Seçkin.
  • Field, A. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: SAGE.
  • Frankel, J. R., Wallen, N. E. & Hyun, HH (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Halchuk, R. E., Makinen, J. A. & Johnson, S. M. (2010). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: A three-year follow-up. Journal Of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 9(1), 31-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/15332690903473069
  • Hendrick, S. S. (1988). A generic measure of relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marriage and The Family, 50(1), 93-98. https://doi/10.2307/352430
  • Johnson, S. M. (1996). The practice of emotionally focused marital therapy: creating connection. Brunner/Mazel.
  • Johnson, S. M., Makinen, J. A. & Millikin, J. W. (2001). Attachment injuries in couple relationships: a new perspective an ımpasses in couples therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 27(2), 145-155. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2001.tb01152.x
  • Kaiser, H. F. (1974). An Index of Factorial Simplicity. Psychometrika, 39(1), 31-36. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF02291575.pdf
  • Karasar, N. (2009) scientific research method. Ankara: Nobel.
  • Kayser, K. (1996). The marital disaffection scale: An inventory for assessing emotional estrangement in marriage. American Journal of Family Therapy, 24(1), 83-88. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926189508251019
  • Makinen, J. A. (2004). Resolving attachment injuries in couples: relating process to outcome. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Ottawa.
  • Makinen, J. A. & Johnson, S. M. (2006). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: steps toward forgiveness and reconciliation. Journal Of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(6), 1055-1064. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.6.1055
  • Marcoulides, G. & Schumacher, R. (2001). New developments and techniques instructural equation modeling. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Millikin, J. W. (2000). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: a process study. (Doctoral Dissertation). Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Naaman, S., Pappas, J. D., Makinen, J., Zuccarini, D. & Johnson–Douglas, S. (2005). Treating attachment ınjured couples with emotionally focused therapy: a case study approach. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes,68(1), 55-77. https://doi.org/10.1521/psyc.68.1.55.64183
  • Ntoumanis, N. (2001). A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71(2), 225-242. https://doi.org/10.1348/000709901158497
  • Nunnally, J. (1978). Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Pallant, J. (2005). SPSS survival manual: A step-by-step guide to data analysis using SPSS for windows. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Pelling, C. (2003). Women's lives experiences of attachment injury within their couple relationships. (Doctoral Dissertation). Simon Fraser University.
  • Pelling, C. & Arvay-Buchanan, M. (2007). Experiences of attachment injury in heterosexual couple relationships. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy / Revuecanadienne De Counseling Et De Psychothérapie, 38(4), 289-303. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ719915.pdf
  • Scherer, R. F., Luther, D. C., Wiebe, F. A. & Adams, J. S. (1988). Dimensionality of coping: factor stability using the ways of coping questionnaire. Psychological Reports, 62(3), 763-770. https://doi.org/10.2466%2Fpr0.1988.62.3.763
  • Tabacknick, B. G. & Fidell, L.S. (2015). Use of multivariate statistics (M.Baloğlu, Tr. Ed.). Ankara: Nobel.
  • Tavşancıl, E. (2010). Measuring attitudes and data analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Nobel.
  • Terzi, S. & Özbay, Y. (2016). Development of attachment injuries scale in romantic relationships. Education and Society in the 21st Century, 5(13), 169-185. https://toad.halileksi.net/sites/default/files/pdf/romantik-iliskilerde-baglanma-yaralanmalari-olcegi-toad.pdf

A Validity and Reliability Study on the Development of Marital Attachment Injuries Scale

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 63, 543 - 566, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1051411

Abstract

This study aims at developing a valid and reliable scale to identify the level of attachment injuries of married individuals. This study, which has adopted a survey model, is a descriptive study that has been designed to reveal the construct of the concept of attachment injury and to develop a data collection tool to measure the concept. In this direction, the steps of a scale development process were followed, and a pool of items was first developed accordingly. Explanatory factor analysis, as well as validity and reliability study, was conducted with the data obtained from 287 participants, 203 of whom were female and 84 of whom were male. Then a confirmatory factor analysis was carried out with the data gathered from 253 participants, 156 of whom were female and 79 of whom were male. At the end of the analyses came out a valid and reliable data collection tool which has 17 items in total and is composed of two dimensions, which are “insecure attachment” and “trauma” to identify the level of attachment injuries of married individuals.

References

  • Cerny, B. A. & Kaiser, H. F. (1977). A study of a measure of sampling adequacy for factor-analytic correlation matrices. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 12(1), 43-47. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327906mbr1201_3
  • Comrey, A. L. & Lee, H. B. (1992). Interpretation and application of factor analytic results. In A. L. Comrey, & H. B. Lee (Eds.), The first course is in factor analysis (p. 2). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Curun, F. (2001). The effects of sexism and sex role orientaion on romantic relationship satisfaction. (Unpublished master dissertation). Middle East Technical University.
  • Çelik, E. (2013). Adaptation of Marital Disaffection Scale To Turkish: Study of Validity and Reliability. Electronic Turkish Studies. 12(8), 249-261. http://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.5663
  • Devellis, R. F. (2003). Scale Development: Theory and Applications. Second Edition. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Ebel, R. L. (1965). Measuring educational achievement. Englewoodcliffs.
  • Erkuş, A. (2011). Scientific research process for behavioral sciences (3.Baskı). Ankara: Seçkin.
  • Erkuş, A. (2012). Psychological measurement and scale development – I. Ankara: Seçkin.
  • Field, A. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: SAGE.
  • Frankel, J. R., Wallen, N. E. & Hyun, HH (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Halchuk, R. E., Makinen, J. A. & Johnson, S. M. (2010). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: A three-year follow-up. Journal Of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 9(1), 31-47. https://doi.org/10.1080/15332690903473069
  • Hendrick, S. S. (1988). A generic measure of relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marriage and The Family, 50(1), 93-98. https://doi/10.2307/352430
  • Johnson, S. M. (1996). The practice of emotionally focused marital therapy: creating connection. Brunner/Mazel.
  • Johnson, S. M., Makinen, J. A. & Millikin, J. W. (2001). Attachment injuries in couple relationships: a new perspective an ımpasses in couples therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 27(2), 145-155. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2001.tb01152.x
  • Kaiser, H. F. (1974). An Index of Factorial Simplicity. Psychometrika, 39(1), 31-36. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF02291575.pdf
  • Karasar, N. (2009) scientific research method. Ankara: Nobel.
  • Kayser, K. (1996). The marital disaffection scale: An inventory for assessing emotional estrangement in marriage. American Journal of Family Therapy, 24(1), 83-88. https://doi.org/10.1080/01926189508251019
  • Makinen, J. A. (2004). Resolving attachment injuries in couples: relating process to outcome. (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Ottawa.
  • Makinen, J. A. & Johnson, S. M. (2006). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: steps toward forgiveness and reconciliation. Journal Of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(6), 1055-1064. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.6.1055
  • Marcoulides, G. & Schumacher, R. (2001). New developments and techniques instructural equation modeling. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Millikin, J. W. (2000). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: a process study. (Doctoral Dissertation). Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Naaman, S., Pappas, J. D., Makinen, J., Zuccarini, D. & Johnson–Douglas, S. (2005). Treating attachment ınjured couples with emotionally focused therapy: a case study approach. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes,68(1), 55-77. https://doi.org/10.1521/psyc.68.1.55.64183
  • Ntoumanis, N. (2001). A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71(2), 225-242. https://doi.org/10.1348/000709901158497
  • Nunnally, J. (1978). Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Pallant, J. (2005). SPSS survival manual: A step-by-step guide to data analysis using SPSS for windows. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Pelling, C. (2003). Women's lives experiences of attachment injury within their couple relationships. (Doctoral Dissertation). Simon Fraser University.
  • Pelling, C. & Arvay-Buchanan, M. (2007). Experiences of attachment injury in heterosexual couple relationships. Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy / Revuecanadienne De Counseling Et De Psychothérapie, 38(4), 289-303. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ719915.pdf
  • Scherer, R. F., Luther, D. C., Wiebe, F. A. & Adams, J. S. (1988). Dimensionality of coping: factor stability using the ways of coping questionnaire. Psychological Reports, 62(3), 763-770. https://doi.org/10.2466%2Fpr0.1988.62.3.763
  • Tabacknick, B. G. & Fidell, L.S. (2015). Use of multivariate statistics (M.Baloğlu, Tr. Ed.). Ankara: Nobel.
  • Tavşancıl, E. (2010). Measuring attitudes and data analysis with SPSS. Ankara: Nobel.
  • Terzi, S. & Özbay, Y. (2016). Development of attachment injuries scale in romantic relationships. Education and Society in the 21st Century, 5(13), 169-185. https://toad.halileksi.net/sites/default/files/pdf/romantik-iliskilerde-baglanma-yaralanmalari-olcegi-toad.pdf

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Psychology
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Sare TERZİ İLHAN
AMASYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7728-8909
Türkiye


Şerife IŞIK This is me
GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Early Pub Date December 30, 2021
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 63

Cite

APA Terzi İlhan, S. & Işık, Ş. (2021). A Validity and Reliability Study on the Development of Marital Attachment Injuries Scale . Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal , 11 (63) , 543-566 . DOI: 10.17066/tpdrd.1051411