Research Article
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Year 2020, Volume 6, Issue 1, 111 - 119, 01.11.2020

Abstract

References

  • Aderson, T. (2002). The Effect of Port State Control on Substandard Shipping. Maritime Studies Journal, 2002(125): 20-25.
  • Aksu, S. and Vassalos, D. and Tuzcu, C. and Mikelis, N. and Swift, P. (2004) A risk-based design methodology for pollution prevention and control. In: International Conference on Design and Operation of Double Hull Tankers, 2004-02-25 - 2004-02-26
  • Alderton, T. & Winchester, N. (2002). Flag States and Safety: 1997–1999. Maritime Policy & Management. 29:151–162
  • Cariou, Pierre, Mejia, Maximo Q and Wolf, Francois-Charles. (2007). An econometric analysis of deficiencies noted in port state control inspections. Maritime Policy & Management, 2007(3):243-258.
  • Emecen, Esma Gül Kara. (2016). Risk Assessment in the Istanbul Strait Using Black Sea MOU Port State Control Inspections. Sustainability, 8: 390.
  • European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) (2017). Marine Casualties and Incidents Summary Overview 2011 – 2015 report.
  • İMEAK DTO. (2018). Maritime Sector Report 2017. Retrieved from https://www.denizticaretodasi.org.tr/Media/SharedDocuments/sektorraporu/2017_sektor_en.pdf, 23.04.2020.
  • IACS (2018). A Guide to Managing Maintenance in Accordance with the Requirements of the ISM Code (Rev.2 Aug 2018). Retrieved from http://www.iacs.org.uk/download/1861, 23.04.2020.
  • IMO (2019). Port State Control. Retrieved from http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/MSAS/Pages/PortStateControl.aspx, 23.04.2020.
  • IM, Myeong-Hwan, LEE, Chang-Hyun & SIN, Ho-Sig. (2016). A Study on Ships of KRS Registered the analyses of Detentions for Port State Control. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, 2016, 28(1): 34-46.
  • Kaybal (2018). Evaluation of PSC implementations in Turkey in accordance with Paris MoU. Maritime Expertise Thesis. Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved from https://www.uab.gov.tr/uploads/pages/kutuphane/9c2693f49d5f699.pdf, 23.04.2020.
  • Knapp, S. & Franses, P.H. (2008). Econometric analysis to differentiate effects of various ship safety inspections. Marine Policy, 32: 653–662.
  • Li, K.X., Wonham, J. (1999). Who is safe and who is at risk: A study of 20-years record on accident total loss in different flags. Maritime Policy & Management, 26:137–144
  • Li, K.X. (1999). The safety and quality of open registers and a new approach for classifying risky ships. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 35:135–143
  • LI, K. X. ve ZHENG, H. (2008): Enforcement of law by the Port State Control (PSC). Maritime Policy & Management, 35(1):61-71
  • Odeke, A. (2006): An Examination of Bareboat Charter Registries and Flag of Convenience Registries in International Law. Ocean Devleopment & International Law, 36(4):339-362.
  • Paris MoU. (2020a). Organization. Retrieved from https://www.parismou.org/about-us/organisation, 23.04.2020.
  • Paris MoU. (2020b). Ship Risk profile. Retrieved from https://www.parismou.org/inspections-risk/library-faq/ship-risk-profile, 23.04.2020.
  • Paris MoU. (2020c). Annual Reports (2008-2018). Retrieved from https://www.parismou.org/publications-category/annual-reports, 23.04.2020.
  • Randić, Miroslav, Matika, Dario and Možnik, Darko. (2015). SWOT Analysis of Deficiencies on Ship Components Identified by Port State Control Inspections with the Aim to Improve the Safety of Maritime Navigation. Brodogradnja: Teorija i praksa brodogradnje i pomorske tehnike, 2015(66:3):61-72.
  • Yılmazel, M. & Asyalı, E. (2005). An analysis of port state control inspections related to the ISPS Code. http://www.researchgate.net /publication/237712068, 23.04.2020.
  • Yılmaz, F. & Ece, N.J. (2017). Analysis of the Relationship Between Variables Related to Paris Mou - PSC Inspections and the Results of Inspection Applied to Turkish Flagged Ships. JEMS Maritime Sci, 5(2): 172-185
  • Yılmaz, F. & İlhan, M.N. (2018). An analysis of marine casualties of Turkish flagged ships and effects on seamen. GMO Journal of Ship and Marine Technology (GMO SHIPMAR). 24(211):78-93.

EVALUATION OF PORT STATE CONTROL (PSC) PERFORMANCE OF TURKISH FLAGGED MERCHANT SHIPS IN PARIS MOU

Year 2020, Volume 6, Issue 1, 111 - 119, 01.11.2020

Abstract

As stated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the primary responsibility for ships' standards rests with the Flag State but Port State Control (PSC) provides a "safety net" to catch identify sub-standard ships. Many studies in the literature show that the PSC is a very important tool not only to improve the safety of ships and their performance but also to enhance the maritime safety and marine environmental protection. To date, there have been nine regional agreements established on PSC and the most important one of those is the Paris MoU. In this study, it is aimed to carry out an evaluation of the PSC performance of the Turkish flagged merchant ships in the Paris MoU. With this aim, the “Excess Factor (EF)” has been used as a primarily indicator for carrying out an overview of PSC performance of the Turkish flagged merchant ships in Paris MoU. Additionally, “Detention Rate” has been also used as a secondarily indicator in order to compare the detention rates of the Turkish flagged ships with the average detention rates (inc. all ships inspected) in the Paris MoU. As a result of the study, it has been observed that the Turkish flagged ships have a good PSC performance in the Paris MoU from the view of both indicators and it can be further improved with future targets.

References

  • Aderson, T. (2002). The Effect of Port State Control on Substandard Shipping. Maritime Studies Journal, 2002(125): 20-25.
  • Aksu, S. and Vassalos, D. and Tuzcu, C. and Mikelis, N. and Swift, P. (2004) A risk-based design methodology for pollution prevention and control. In: International Conference on Design and Operation of Double Hull Tankers, 2004-02-25 - 2004-02-26
  • Alderton, T. & Winchester, N. (2002). Flag States and Safety: 1997–1999. Maritime Policy & Management. 29:151–162
  • Cariou, Pierre, Mejia, Maximo Q and Wolf, Francois-Charles. (2007). An econometric analysis of deficiencies noted in port state control inspections. Maritime Policy & Management, 2007(3):243-258.
  • Emecen, Esma Gül Kara. (2016). Risk Assessment in the Istanbul Strait Using Black Sea MOU Port State Control Inspections. Sustainability, 8: 390.
  • European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) (2017). Marine Casualties and Incidents Summary Overview 2011 – 2015 report.
  • İMEAK DTO. (2018). Maritime Sector Report 2017. Retrieved from https://www.denizticaretodasi.org.tr/Media/SharedDocuments/sektorraporu/2017_sektor_en.pdf, 23.04.2020.
  • IACS (2018). A Guide to Managing Maintenance in Accordance with the Requirements of the ISM Code (Rev.2 Aug 2018). Retrieved from http://www.iacs.org.uk/download/1861, 23.04.2020.
  • IMO (2019). Port State Control. Retrieved from http://www.imo.org/en/OurWork/MSAS/Pages/PortStateControl.aspx, 23.04.2020.
  • IM, Myeong-Hwan, LEE, Chang-Hyun & SIN, Ho-Sig. (2016). A Study on Ships of KRS Registered the analyses of Detentions for Port State Control. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education, 2016, 28(1): 34-46.
  • Kaybal (2018). Evaluation of PSC implementations in Turkey in accordance with Paris MoU. Maritime Expertise Thesis. Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved from https://www.uab.gov.tr/uploads/pages/kutuphane/9c2693f49d5f699.pdf, 23.04.2020.
  • Knapp, S. & Franses, P.H. (2008). Econometric analysis to differentiate effects of various ship safety inspections. Marine Policy, 32: 653–662.
  • Li, K.X., Wonham, J. (1999). Who is safe and who is at risk: A study of 20-years record on accident total loss in different flags. Maritime Policy & Management, 26:137–144
  • Li, K.X. (1999). The safety and quality of open registers and a new approach for classifying risky ships. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 35:135–143
  • LI, K. X. ve ZHENG, H. (2008): Enforcement of law by the Port State Control (PSC). Maritime Policy & Management, 35(1):61-71
  • Odeke, A. (2006): An Examination of Bareboat Charter Registries and Flag of Convenience Registries in International Law. Ocean Devleopment & International Law, 36(4):339-362.
  • Paris MoU. (2020a). Organization. Retrieved from https://www.parismou.org/about-us/organisation, 23.04.2020.
  • Paris MoU. (2020b). Ship Risk profile. Retrieved from https://www.parismou.org/inspections-risk/library-faq/ship-risk-profile, 23.04.2020.
  • Paris MoU. (2020c). Annual Reports (2008-2018). Retrieved from https://www.parismou.org/publications-category/annual-reports, 23.04.2020.
  • Randić, Miroslav, Matika, Dario and Možnik, Darko. (2015). SWOT Analysis of Deficiencies on Ship Components Identified by Port State Control Inspections with the Aim to Improve the Safety of Maritime Navigation. Brodogradnja: Teorija i praksa brodogradnje i pomorske tehnike, 2015(66:3):61-72.
  • Yılmazel, M. & Asyalı, E. (2005). An analysis of port state control inspections related to the ISPS Code. http://www.researchgate.net /publication/237712068, 23.04.2020.
  • Yılmaz, F. & Ece, N.J. (2017). Analysis of the Relationship Between Variables Related to Paris Mou - PSC Inspections and the Results of Inspection Applied to Turkish Flagged Ships. JEMS Maritime Sci, 5(2): 172-185
  • Yılmaz, F. & İlhan, M.N. (2018). An analysis of marine casualties of Turkish flagged ships and effects on seamen. GMO Journal of Ship and Marine Technology (GMO SHIPMAR). 24(211):78-93.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Fatih YILMAZ (Primary Author)
Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure
0000-0001-5652-0265
Türkiye

Publication Date November 1, 2020
Application Date May 9, 2020
Acceptance Date May 19, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Yılmaz, F. (2020). EVALUATION OF PORT STATE CONTROL (PSC) PERFORMANCE OF TURKISH FLAGGED MERCHANT SHIPS IN PARIS MOU . Turkish Journal of Maritime and Marine Sciences , 6 (1) , 111-119 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/trjmms/issue/57348/734970

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