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Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University

Year 2017, Volume: 7 Issue: 1, 0 - 0, 16.01.2017

Abstract

Mobile phones has become an indispensable tool for modern society. Although usage of cellular and smart phones make individual’s life easier, they may also create some negative consequences such as addiction, anxiety, fear or unrest due to overuse. Nomophobia, which is called as phobia of modern era, is defined as fear and anxiety feelings that an individual feels while he/she cannot access or reach to mobile devices. Especially, with the prevalence of smart phones, it is thought that increased interaction with mobile communication technologies also boots nomophobia of individuals in the society. Nomophobia impair individuals focusing on their works in every part of their lives. Nomophobic behaviors may change daily habits such as sleeping habits and concentration on lessons, especially nomophobia affects students in a negative way in terms of school life and academic achievement. The purpose of this study is to investigate nomophobia prevalence among 818 pre-service teachers who are students in different departments at a state university in Turkey during the 2015-2016 fall semester. In this causal-comparative study, descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, and one-way ANOVA analyses were used. Results showed that according to mean score of the instrument, pre-service teachers’ nomophobia levels are higher than the mean and they feel anxious about not being able to communicate and not being able to access information.  In addition to this, although there is not a significant different in terms of mobile phone usage hours, female pre-service teachers were found more nomophobic than males. Moreover, it is seen that when age increases nomophobia decreases, however in terms of smart phone usage frequency it is different: as usage frequency of smart phones increases, nomophobia increases as well.

References

  • Adnan, M., & Gezgin, D.M. (2016). Modern Yüzyılın Yeni Olgusu Nomofobi ve Üniversite Öğrencileri arasında Yaygınlık Düzeyi, Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, Baskıda.
  • Algül R. (2014). Acı Badem Üniversitesi. Teknoloji çağının hastalığı: Nomofobi. http://www.acibadem.com.tr/ Hayat/Bilgi/teknoloji-caginin-hastaligi-nomofobi adresinden 21.07.2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Broughton, G. (2015). The changing face [book] of friendship, fellowship and formation. St Mark's Review, (233), 74.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş.,& Demirel, F.(2008). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
  • Chóliz, M. M. (2010). Mobile Phone Addiction in Adolescence: Evaluation and Prevention of Mobile Addiction in Teenagers. Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing.
  • Chóliz, M. (2012). Mobile-phone Addiction in Adolescence: the test of mobile phone dependence (TMD). Prog Health Sci, 2(1), 33-44.
  • Cohen, L., & Manion, L. (1994). Educational Research Methodology. Athens: Metaixmio.
  • Dixit S, Shukla H, Bhagwat A, Bindal A, Goyal A, Zaidi AK, & Shrivastava A (2010). A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian J Community Med.35 (2):339–341.
  • Field, A. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publication.
  • Fraenkel J.R., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. McGraw-Hill.
  • Gezgin, D. M., & Çakır, Ö. (2016). Analysis of nomofobic behaviors of adolescents regarding various factors. Journal of Human Sciences, 13(2), 2504-2519.
  • Gupta, N., Garg, S., & Arora, K. (2016). Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university, National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6(2), 132-139.
  • Karaman, M. K., & Kurtoğlu, M. (2009). Öğretmen adaylarının internet bağımlılığı hakkındaki görüşleri. Akademik Bilişim, 641-650.
  • Kaur, A., & Sharma, P. (2015). A Descriptive Study to Assess the Risk of Developing Nomophobia among Students of Selected Nursing Colleges Ludhiana, Punjab. International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 1(2), 1-6
  • King, A. L. S., Valença, A. M., & Nardi, A. E. (2010). Nomophobia: The mobile phone in panic disorder with agoraphobia: Reducing phobias or worsening of dependence?, Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 23(1), 52–54.
  • King, A.L.S., Valença, A.M., Silva, A.C., Baczynski, T., Carvalho, M.R. & Nardi, A.E. (2013). Nomophobia: dependency on virtual environments or social phobia? , Computers in Human Behavior, 29(1) (2013), pp. 140–144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.07.025.
  • Market analysis and consumer research organization-MACRO (2008). A report on study of mobile phone usage among the teenagers and youth in Mumbai. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/ni/futuremobile/ socialaspects/IndiaMacroMobileYouthStud.y04.pdf adresinden 18 Mayıs 2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Mail Online (2008). “Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact - and it’s the plague of our 24/7 age”. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/ news/article-550610/Nomophobia-fear-mobile-phonecontact–plague-24-7-age.html adresinden 13 Mart 2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Okaz, A. A. (2015). “Integrating Blended Learning in Higher Education”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 600-603.
  • Oksman V, & Turtiainen J. (2004) Mobile communication as a social stage. The meanings of mobile communication among teenagers in Finland. N Med Soc, 6,319–339.
  • Park, N., Kim, Y. C., Shon, H. Y., & Shim, H. (2013). Factors influencing smartphone use and dependency in South Korea. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1763-1770.
  • Pavithra, M. B., & Madhukumar, S. (2015). A Study on Nomophobia-Mobile Phone Dependence, Among Students of a Medical College in Bangalore. National Journal of Community Medicine, 6(3), 340-344.
  • SecurEnvoy (2012). 66% of the population suffer from Nomophobia the fear of being without their phone. https://www.securenvoy.com/blog/2012/02/16/66-of-the-population-suffer-from-nomophobia-the-fear-of-being-without-their-phone/. 13 Mart 2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Sharma, N., Sharma, P., Sharma, N. & Wavare, R. R. (2015). Rising concern of nomophobia amongst Indian medical students. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 3(3), 705-707. doi:10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20150333.
  • Spitzer, M. (2015). M-Learning? When it comes to learning, smartphones are a liability, not an asset. Trends in Neuroscience & Education, 4, 87–89.
  • Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics (5th ed.). Boston MA: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Tavolacci, M. P., Meyrignac, G., Richard, L., Dechelotte, P., & Ladner, J. (2015). Problematic use of mobile phone and nomophobia among French college students. The European Journal of Public Health, 25(suppl 3), ckv172-088.
  • Toda M, Monden K, Kubo K, & Morimoto K.(2006) Mobile phone dependence and health-related life-style of university students. Soc Behav Pers,34,1277–1284.
  • Uysal, Ş., Özen, H., & Madenoğlu, C.(2016). Social Phobia in Higher Education: The Influence of Nomophobia on Social Phobia. The Global e-learning Journal,5(2),1-8.
  • Yildirim, C. & Correia A-P. (2015). Exploring the dimensions of nomophobia: Development and validation of a self-reported questionnaire. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 130–137.
  • Yildirim, C., Sumuer, E., Adnan, M., & Yildirim, S. (2015). A growing fear: Prevalence of nomophobia among Turkish college students. Information Development, 0266666915599025.
Year 2017, Volume: 7 Issue: 1, 0 - 0, 16.01.2017

Abstract

References

  • Adnan, M., & Gezgin, D.M. (2016). Modern Yüzyılın Yeni Olgusu Nomofobi ve Üniversite Öğrencileri arasında Yaygınlık Düzeyi, Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, Baskıda.
  • Algül R. (2014). Acı Badem Üniversitesi. Teknoloji çağının hastalığı: Nomofobi. http://www.acibadem.com.tr/ Hayat/Bilgi/teknoloji-caginin-hastaligi-nomofobi adresinden 21.07.2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Broughton, G. (2015). The changing face [book] of friendship, fellowship and formation. St Mark's Review, (233), 74.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş.,& Demirel, F.(2008). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
  • Chóliz, M. M. (2010). Mobile Phone Addiction in Adolescence: Evaluation and Prevention of Mobile Addiction in Teenagers. Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing.
  • Chóliz, M. (2012). Mobile-phone Addiction in Adolescence: the test of mobile phone dependence (TMD). Prog Health Sci, 2(1), 33-44.
  • Cohen, L., & Manion, L. (1994). Educational Research Methodology. Athens: Metaixmio.
  • Dixit S, Shukla H, Bhagwat A, Bindal A, Goyal A, Zaidi AK, & Shrivastava A (2010). A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian J Community Med.35 (2):339–341.
  • Field, A. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publication.
  • Fraenkel J.R., & Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. McGraw-Hill.
  • Gezgin, D. M., & Çakır, Ö. (2016). Analysis of nomofobic behaviors of adolescents regarding various factors. Journal of Human Sciences, 13(2), 2504-2519.
  • Gupta, N., Garg, S., & Arora, K. (2016). Pattern of mobile phone usage and its effects on psychological health, sleep, and academic performance in students of a medical university, National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 6(2), 132-139.
  • Karaman, M. K., & Kurtoğlu, M. (2009). Öğretmen adaylarının internet bağımlılığı hakkındaki görüşleri. Akademik Bilişim, 641-650.
  • Kaur, A., & Sharma, P. (2015). A Descriptive Study to Assess the Risk of Developing Nomophobia among Students of Selected Nursing Colleges Ludhiana, Punjab. International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 1(2), 1-6
  • King, A. L. S., Valença, A. M., & Nardi, A. E. (2010). Nomophobia: The mobile phone in panic disorder with agoraphobia: Reducing phobias or worsening of dependence?, Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 23(1), 52–54.
  • King, A.L.S., Valença, A.M., Silva, A.C., Baczynski, T., Carvalho, M.R. & Nardi, A.E. (2013). Nomophobia: dependency on virtual environments or social phobia? , Computers in Human Behavior, 29(1) (2013), pp. 140–144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.07.025.
  • Market analysis and consumer research organization-MACRO (2008). A report on study of mobile phone usage among the teenagers and youth in Mumbai. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/ni/futuremobile/ socialaspects/IndiaMacroMobileYouthStud.y04.pdf adresinden 18 Mayıs 2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Mail Online (2008). “Nomophobia is the fear of being out of mobile phone contact - and it’s the plague of our 24/7 age”. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/ news/article-550610/Nomophobia-fear-mobile-phonecontact–plague-24-7-age.html adresinden 13 Mart 2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Okaz, A. A. (2015). “Integrating Blended Learning in Higher Education”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 600-603.
  • Oksman V, & Turtiainen J. (2004) Mobile communication as a social stage. The meanings of mobile communication among teenagers in Finland. N Med Soc, 6,319–339.
  • Park, N., Kim, Y. C., Shon, H. Y., & Shim, H. (2013). Factors influencing smartphone use and dependency in South Korea. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1763-1770.
  • Pavithra, M. B., & Madhukumar, S. (2015). A Study on Nomophobia-Mobile Phone Dependence, Among Students of a Medical College in Bangalore. National Journal of Community Medicine, 6(3), 340-344.
  • SecurEnvoy (2012). 66% of the population suffer from Nomophobia the fear of being without their phone. https://www.securenvoy.com/blog/2012/02/16/66-of-the-population-suffer-from-nomophobia-the-fear-of-being-without-their-phone/. 13 Mart 2016 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Sharma, N., Sharma, P., Sharma, N. & Wavare, R. R. (2015). Rising concern of nomophobia amongst Indian medical students. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 3(3), 705-707. doi:10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20150333.
  • Spitzer, M. (2015). M-Learning? When it comes to learning, smartphones are a liability, not an asset. Trends in Neuroscience & Education, 4, 87–89.
  • Tabachnick, B. G. & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics (5th ed.). Boston MA: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Tavolacci, M. P., Meyrignac, G., Richard, L., Dechelotte, P., & Ladner, J. (2015). Problematic use of mobile phone and nomophobia among French college students. The European Journal of Public Health, 25(suppl 3), ckv172-088.
  • Toda M, Monden K, Kubo K, & Morimoto K.(2006) Mobile phone dependence and health-related life-style of university students. Soc Behav Pers,34,1277–1284.
  • Uysal, Ş., Özen, H., & Madenoğlu, C.(2016). Social Phobia in Higher Education: The Influence of Nomophobia on Social Phobia. The Global e-learning Journal,5(2),1-8.
  • Yildirim, C. & Correia A-P. (2015). Exploring the dimensions of nomophobia: Development and validation of a self-reported questionnaire. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 130–137.
  • Yildirim, C., Sumuer, E., Adnan, M., & Yildirim, S. (2015). A growing fear: Prevalence of nomophobia among Turkish college students. Information Development, 0266666915599025.

Details

Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Deniz Mertkan GEZGİN

Evren ŞUMUER

Okan ARSLAN This is me

Soner YILDIRIM

Publication Date January 16, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017 Volume: 7 Issue: 1

Cite

APA GEZGİN, D. M., ŞUMUER, E., ARSLAN, O., YILDIRIM, S. (2017). Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 7(1).
AMA GEZGİN DM, ŞUMUER E, ARSLAN O, YILDIRIM S. Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. January 2017;7(1).
Chicago GEZGİN, Deniz Mertkan, Evren ŞUMUER, Okan ARSLAN, and Soner YILDIRIM. “Nomophobia Prevalence Among Pre-Service Teachers: A Case of Trakya University”. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 7, no. 1 (January 2017).
EndNote GEZGİN DM, ŞUMUER E, ARSLAN O, YILDIRIM S (January 1, 2017) Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 7 1
IEEE D. M. GEZGİN, E. ŞUMUER, O. ARSLAN, and S. YILDIRIM, “Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University”, Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 7, no. 1, 2017.
ISNAD GEZGİN, Deniz Mertkan et al. “Nomophobia Prevalence Among Pre-Service Teachers: A Case of Trakya University”. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 7/1 (January 2017).
JAMA GEZGİN DM, ŞUMUER E, ARSLAN O, YILDIRIM S. Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017;7.
MLA GEZGİN, Deniz Mertkan et al. “Nomophobia Prevalence Among Pre-Service Teachers: A Case of Trakya University”. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 7, no. 1, 2017.
Vancouver GEZGİN DM, ŞUMUER E, ARSLAN O, YILDIRIM S. Nomophobia Prevalence among Pre-service Teachers: A case of Trakya University. Trakya Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017;7(1).


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