Year 2020, Volume 9 , Issue 1, Pages 64 - 105 2020-01-31

Organizmalarda bulunan yapı fonksiyon ilişkisi sorgulanarak biyomimikri STEM etkinliği geliştirilmesi
Developing biomimicry STEM activity by querying the relationship between structure and function in organisms

Ayşe SAVRAN GENCER [1] , Hilmi DOĞAN [2] , Kadir BİLEN [3]


Doğa bilimlerini anlamada en önemli mihenk taşlarından biri yapı fonksiyonu belirler temasıdır. Diğer taraftan Türkiye'de yakın zamanda revize edilen fen programında ise öğrencilerin feni diğer disiplinlerle bütünleştirerek teoriyi pratiğe ve ürüne dönüştürebilmelerine yardımcı olacak fen ve mühendislik uygulamalarına vurgu yapılırken; doğada ya da tasarlanmış dünyada tekrar eden örüntülere ve yapı ve işlev arasındaki ilişkilere herhangi bir sınıf düzeyinde vurgu yapılmamıştır. Bu açığı kapatmak için çalışmada, beşinci sınıf fen bilimleri dersi Canlılar Dünyası ünitesinde yapı ve fonksiyon ilişkisine dayanan bütünleştirilmiş biyomimikri STEM etkinliği geliştirmek amaçlanmıştır. Bu çalışma, 21 beşinci sınıf öğrencisinin insanlığa ait bir problemi çözmek için organizmalara ait bir yapıyı taklit ederek mühendislik tasarım süreci ile ilgili deneyimlerini aktaran bir durum çalışmasıdır. Çalışmanın çarpıcı bir sonucu ise, öğrencilerin organizmalardaki yapı ve fonksiyon arasındaki tamamlayıcı ilişki yoluyla biyomimikriyi tasarım çözümlerine dahil etmeyi başarabilmeleridir.

The theme that structure determines function is one of the most significant cornerstones in understanding natural sciences. On the other hand, recently revised science curriculum in Turkey has emphasized science and engineering practices to help students be able to converge science with the other disciplines by applying theory into practice and product; but there is not an emphasis on the repeating patterns and relationships between structure and function for natural and built systems at any grades. In order to close this gap, the main objective of this study is to develop an integrated biomimicry STEM activity about the unit of Living Things World at grade five. This paper reported on a case study of 21 fifth-grade students’ gaining experiences about the engineering design process by mimicking a structure from the organisms to solve a human problem. Even more striking result is that students can manage to incorporate biomimicry into their design solutions by the way of complementary relationship between structure and function in organisms.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6410-152X
Author: Ayşe SAVRAN GENCER
Institution: PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7933-4115
Author: Hilmi DOĞAN
Institution: T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2054-2117
Author: Kadir BİLEN
Institution: ALANYA ALAADDİN KEYKUBAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 31, 2020

APA SAVRAN GENCER, A , DOĞAN, H , BİLEN, K . (2020). Developing biomimicry STEM activity by querying the relationship between structure and function in organisms. Turkish Journal of Education , 9 (1) , 64-105 . DOI: 10.19128/turje.643785