Year 2020, Volume 9 , Issue 3, Pages 246 - 259 2020-07-31

The impact of understanding learners and techno-pedagogical competency on effective learning environments by designing the instructional process
Öğretim sürecini tasarlayarak öğrenenleri anlama ve tekno-pedagojik yeterliğin etkili öğrenme ortamları üzerinde etkisi

Ragıp TERZİ [1]


This study aims to understand prospective teachers’ (PTs) preparedness to teach before they actually start working in the profession. In particular, the causal effects of “understanding the learner” and “techno-pedagogical competency” on “forming effective learning environments” by “designing the instructional process” were investigated. Structural equation modeling was carried out to estimate the effects of these variables on effective learning environments. A cross-sectional survey design was used with 314 PTs who were studying in a state university in Turkey in the 2019-2020 spring semester. For the purpose of this study, Preparedness to Teach scale was used to obtain the data after investigating the scale for validity and reliability properties. The results suggested that understanding the learner had both direct and indirect effects on forming effective learning environments. That is, the better PTs could understand the learner, the more appropriately they could design the instructional process and, ultimately, form an effective learning environment. However, techno-pedagogical competency had only indirect impacts on forming an effective learning environment. This finding suggests that the higher-competency PTs had in techno-pedagogy, the more effectively they could establish a learning environment by properly designing the instructional process.

Bu çalışmanın amacı, öğretmen adaylarının öğretmenlik mesleğine başlamadan önce öğretmeye hazır olmalarını anlamaktır. Özellikle, “öğretim sürecini tasarlamak” aracılığıyla “öğreneni anlama” ve “tekno-pedagojik yeterliğin” “etkili öğrenme ortamları oluşturma” üzerindeki nedensel etkileri araştırılmıştır. Bu değişkenlerin etkili öğrenme ortamları üzerindeki etkilerini yordamak için yapısal eşitlik modellemesi uygulanmıştır. Türkiye’deki bir devlet üniversitesinde 2019-2020 bahar döneminde eğitim gören 314 öğretmen adayı ile kesitsel ölçek tasarımı kullanılmıştır. Bu çalışmanın amacı doğrultusunda, Öğretmenliğe Hazır Olma ölçeği kullanılarak veriler toplanmış olup, ölçeğin geçerlik ve güvenirlik özellikleri incelenmiştir. Sonuçlar öğreneni anlama’nın etkili öğrenme ortamları oluşturma üzerinde hem doğrudan hem de dolaylı etkileri olduğunu tavsiye etmektedir. Yani, öğretmen adaylarının öğreneni ne kadar iyi anlarsa, öğretim sürecini o kadar uygun bir şekilde tasarlayabilecek ve nihayetinde etkili bir öğrenme ortamı oluşturabilecektir. Ancak, tekno-pedagojik yeterliğin etkili öğrenme ortamları oluşturma üzerinde sadece dolaylı etkileri olduğu saptanmıştır. Bu bulgu, tekno-pedagojide daha yüksek yetkinliğe sahip öğretmen adaylarının ÖST tarafından daha etkili bir öğrenme ortamı oluşturabileceklerini göstermektedir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3976-5054
Author: Ragıp TERZİ (Primary Author)
Institution: Harran University, Faculty of Education
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 31, 2020

APA Terzi̇, R . (2020). The impact of understanding learners and techno-pedagogical competency on effective learning environments by designing the instructional process . Turkish Journal of Education , 9 (3) , 246-259 . DOI: 10.19128/turje.746953