Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, 395 - 401, 31.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.1173509

Abstract

Dairy farming is one of the agricultural activities with high added economic value. Remarkable technical and economic developments have occurred in the dairy cow farming sector through subsidies. However, it is difficult to say that Türkiye has reached the level of developed countries in terms of productivity, quality, and hygiene practices in dairy cattle farming. In this study, it was aimed to determine the factors affecting the consciousness levels of dairy cow raisers about the practices related to animal health and welfare in addition to milk safety and hygiene in dairy cow farming. The study was conducted in three districts of Samsun province. The data were collected from 82 dairy cattle farms according to the stratified random sampling method. The results showed that 69.51% of the farms have milking units, 51.22% have delivery rooms, 52.44% have calf cages, 80.49% have an infirmary, and 81.71% have walking areas. While udder cleaning was carried out in all dairy farms, the udder drying procedure was applied in 74.39% of the farms. The percentage of farms with mastitis control (3.66%), wearing gloves (3.66%), and wearing milking outfits (8.54%) were found to be quite low. It is essential to raise the awareness level of milk safety and hygiene in terms of protecting public health, rehabilitating barn conditions, and maintaining animal welfare.

References

  • Akbay, C., Akdoğan, F., 2020. Structure of dairy cattle holdings and market supply of milk: The case of İzmir province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(3): 287-295.
  • Alkan, S., 2015. Main problems in dairy cattle barns in Turkey. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 4(1): 43-48. (In Turkish).
  • Alkan, S., Ünlü, H., 2019. Determination of general structure of cattle enterprises in Giresun province. Mediterranean Agricultural Sciences, 32(1): 109-115. (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2021. Dairy Industry Statistics in the World and Türkiye. Turkish National Dairy Council, 2021 Dairy Report, Ankara, Türkiye, (https://ulusalsut konseyi.org.tr/wp-content/uploads/2021-Sut-Raporu. pdf), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2022a. Milk and Human Nutrition in Dairy Products.(https://www.fao.org/3/i3396e/i3396e.pdf), (Accessed: 22.03.2022).
  • Anonymous, 2022b. Livestock Report-2018. Chamber of Agricultural Engineers, (https://www.zmo.org.tr/ genel/bizden_detay.php?kod=29946&tipi=38&sube=0), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2022c. Livestock Statistics. Turkstat. (https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Kategori/GetKategori?p=tarim-111&dil=1), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2022d. Samsun ili mevcut tarımsal üretim sistemlerinin geliştirilmesi ve ürün deseninin yeniden belirlenmesi eylem planı (2021-2025). Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.(https://samsun.tarim orman.gov.tr/Belgeler/Yayinlar/Tarimsal_strateji/ Samsun_ili_TarimsalUretim_Eylem_Plani.pdf), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Bakır, G., Kibar, M., 2019. Determination of some structural characteristics of dairy cattle breeding enterprises via crosstab analysis in Muş province. Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 22(4): 609-619. (In Turkish).
  • Boz, İ., 2013. Structure and problems of dairy farms in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 16(1): 24-32. (In Turkish).
  • Demir, N., Yavuz, F., 2010. A regional comparative analysis of farmers’ approaches to livestock support policies. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Atatürk University, 41(2): 113-121. (In Turkish).
  • Deste, M., Yurttaş, A., 2018. A research for determining supplier selection criterions and establishment of evaluation system in dairy plants. Journal of Social Sciences of Mus Alparslan University, 6(ICEESS’18): 185-194. (In Turkish).
  • Gümüş, E., 2015. Primary effects of a potential Turkey-USA free trade agreement on the livestock sector in Turkey. European Union Expertise thesis, Republic of Türkiye Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ankara, Türkiye. (In Turkish).
  • Hozman, S.B., Akçay, H., 2016. Some technical and economical characteristics of dairy cattle farms that are member of cattle breeder's association of Sivas province. Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics, 22(1): 57-65. (In Turkish).
  • İzci, C., Çuhadar Erdal, F., Zamirbekova, N., 2021. Basic approaches to healing and treatment of claw lesions in cattle. Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 37(2): 137-150. (In Turkish).
  • Kaygısız, A., Özkan, İ., 2021. The structural features and hygiene conditions of dairy farms in Tekkeköy district of Samsun province. Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Science, 25(2): 225-233. (In Turkish).
  • Kılıç, O., Aydın Eryılmaz, G., 2020. Structural characteristics of dairy cattle farms in Samsun province. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 7(3): 637-645. (In Turkish).
  • Maton, A., Daelemans, J., Lambrecht, J., 1985. Housing of Animals. Developments in Agricultural Engineering 6, Elsevier Science Publishers, Netherlands.
  • Muradi, A.J., Akbay, C., 2018. Structure and marketing opportunities on dairy farms in Konya province, Turkey. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(10): 756-762.
  • Özbeyaz, C., Ünal, N., 2018. Compost bedded barns in dairy cattle. Livestock Studies, 58(1): 54-66. (In Turkish).
  • Özdemir, M.Y., Karaman, S., 2008. Investigation of suitability and development opportunities of dairy cattle barns for structural and environmental conditions ın central district of Tokat. Reserach Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1(2): 27-36. (In Turkish).
  • Park, Y.W., Nam, M.S., 2015. Bioactive peptides in milk and dairy products: a review. Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, 35(6): 831.
  • Saçlı, Y., 2007. Transformation requirements of animal husbandry sector in the harmonization period with the EU. Planning expertise thesis, State Planning Organization, Ankara, Türkiye. (In Turkish).
  • Sarıözkan, S., 2019. Estimation the financial losses due to mastitis in Turkish dairy enterprises. Harran University Journal of The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 8(2): 147-151. (In Turkish).
  • Tosun, S., Acar, D.B., 2019. The comparison of milking hygiene with bulk tank somatic cell count and total bacterial count in dairy herds in Tekirdağ province. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, 12(3): 292-299.
  • Turan, Z., Şanver, D., Öztürk, K., 2017. The Importance of dairy cattle breeding in the livestock sector in Turkey, contribution to domestic output and comparison with foreign countries. Academic Review of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 10(3): 60-74. (In Turkish).
  • Yamane, T., 1967. Elemantary Sampling Theory. Printice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, Nt.
  • Yaylak, E., Konca, Y., Koyubenbe, N., 2016. A study on health protection managements and health disorders survey of cattle breeders’ association registered farms in Odemis, Izmir. Journal of Animal Production, 57(1): 28-40. (In Turkish).

Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3, 395 - 401, 31.10.2022
https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.1173509

Abstract

Dairy farming is one of the agricultural activities with high added economic value. Remarkable technical and economic developments have occurred in the dairy cow farming sector through subsidies. However, it is difficult to say that Türkiye has reached the level of developed countries in terms of productivity, quality, and hygiene practices in dairy cattle farming. In this study, it was aimed to determine the factors affecting the consciousness levels of dairy cow raisers about the practices related to animal health and welfare in addition to milk safety and hygiene in dairy cow farming. The study was conducted in three districts of Samsun province. The data were collected from 82 dairy cattle farms according to the stratified random sampling method. The results showed that 69.51% of the farms have milking units, 51.22% have delivery rooms, 52.44% have calf cages, 80.49% have an infirmary, and 81.71% have walking areas. While udder cleaning was carried out in all dairy farms, the udder drying procedure was applied in 74.39% of the farms. The percentage of farms with mastitis control (3.66%), wearing gloves (3.66%), and wearing milking outfits (8.54%) were found to be quite low. It is essential to raise the awareness level of milk safety and hygiene in terms of protecting public health, rehabilitating barn conditions, and maintaining animal welfare.

References

  • Akbay, C., Akdoğan, F., 2020. Structure of dairy cattle holdings and market supply of milk: The case of İzmir province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(3): 287-295.
  • Alkan, S., 2015. Main problems in dairy cattle barns in Turkey. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 4(1): 43-48. (In Turkish).
  • Alkan, S., Ünlü, H., 2019. Determination of general structure of cattle enterprises in Giresun province. Mediterranean Agricultural Sciences, 32(1): 109-115. (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2021. Dairy Industry Statistics in the World and Türkiye. Turkish National Dairy Council, 2021 Dairy Report, Ankara, Türkiye, (https://ulusalsut konseyi.org.tr/wp-content/uploads/2021-Sut-Raporu. pdf), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2022a. Milk and Human Nutrition in Dairy Products.(https://www.fao.org/3/i3396e/i3396e.pdf), (Accessed: 22.03.2022).
  • Anonymous, 2022b. Livestock Report-2018. Chamber of Agricultural Engineers, (https://www.zmo.org.tr/ genel/bizden_detay.php?kod=29946&tipi=38&sube=0), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2022c. Livestock Statistics. Turkstat. (https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Kategori/GetKategori?p=tarim-111&dil=1), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Anonymous, 2022d. Samsun ili mevcut tarımsal üretim sistemlerinin geliştirilmesi ve ürün deseninin yeniden belirlenmesi eylem planı (2021-2025). Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.(https://samsun.tarim orman.gov.tr/Belgeler/Yayinlar/Tarimsal_strateji/ Samsun_ili_TarimsalUretim_Eylem_Plani.pdf), (Accessed: 22.03.2022). (In Turkish).
  • Bakır, G., Kibar, M., 2019. Determination of some structural characteristics of dairy cattle breeding enterprises via crosstab analysis in Muş province. Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 22(4): 609-619. (In Turkish).
  • Boz, İ., 2013. Structure and problems of dairy farms in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Journal of Agriculture and Nature, 16(1): 24-32. (In Turkish).
  • Demir, N., Yavuz, F., 2010. A regional comparative analysis of farmers’ approaches to livestock support policies. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Atatürk University, 41(2): 113-121. (In Turkish).
  • Deste, M., Yurttaş, A., 2018. A research for determining supplier selection criterions and establishment of evaluation system in dairy plants. Journal of Social Sciences of Mus Alparslan University, 6(ICEESS’18): 185-194. (In Turkish).
  • Gümüş, E., 2015. Primary effects of a potential Turkey-USA free trade agreement on the livestock sector in Turkey. European Union Expertise thesis, Republic of Türkiye Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ankara, Türkiye. (In Turkish).
  • Hozman, S.B., Akçay, H., 2016. Some technical and economical characteristics of dairy cattle farms that are member of cattle breeder's association of Sivas province. Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics, 22(1): 57-65. (In Turkish).
  • İzci, C., Çuhadar Erdal, F., Zamirbekova, N., 2021. Basic approaches to healing and treatment of claw lesions in cattle. Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 37(2): 137-150. (In Turkish).
  • Kaygısız, A., Özkan, İ., 2021. The structural features and hygiene conditions of dairy farms in Tekkeköy district of Samsun province. Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Science, 25(2): 225-233. (In Turkish).
  • Kılıç, O., Aydın Eryılmaz, G., 2020. Structural characteristics of dairy cattle farms in Samsun province. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 7(3): 637-645. (In Turkish).
  • Maton, A., Daelemans, J., Lambrecht, J., 1985. Housing of Animals. Developments in Agricultural Engineering 6, Elsevier Science Publishers, Netherlands.
  • Muradi, A.J., Akbay, C., 2018. Structure and marketing opportunities on dairy farms in Konya province, Turkey. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management, 6(10): 756-762.
  • Özbeyaz, C., Ünal, N., 2018. Compost bedded barns in dairy cattle. Livestock Studies, 58(1): 54-66. (In Turkish).
  • Özdemir, M.Y., Karaman, S., 2008. Investigation of suitability and development opportunities of dairy cattle barns for structural and environmental conditions ın central district of Tokat. Reserach Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1(2): 27-36. (In Turkish).
  • Park, Y.W., Nam, M.S., 2015. Bioactive peptides in milk and dairy products: a review. Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources, 35(6): 831.
  • Saçlı, Y., 2007. Transformation requirements of animal husbandry sector in the harmonization period with the EU. Planning expertise thesis, State Planning Organization, Ankara, Türkiye. (In Turkish).
  • Sarıözkan, S., 2019. Estimation the financial losses due to mastitis in Turkish dairy enterprises. Harran University Journal of The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 8(2): 147-151. (In Turkish).
  • Tosun, S., Acar, D.B., 2019. The comparison of milking hygiene with bulk tank somatic cell count and total bacterial count in dairy herds in Tekirdağ province. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, 12(3): 292-299.
  • Turan, Z., Şanver, D., Öztürk, K., 2017. The Importance of dairy cattle breeding in the livestock sector in Turkey, contribution to domestic output and comparison with foreign countries. Academic Review of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 10(3): 60-74. (In Turkish).
  • Yamane, T., 1967. Elemantary Sampling Theory. Printice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, Nt.
  • Yaylak, E., Konca, Y., Koyubenbe, N., 2016. A study on health protection managements and health disorders survey of cattle breeders’ association registered farms in Odemis, Izmir. Journal of Animal Production, 57(1): 28-40. (In Turkish).

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Gamze AYDIN ERYILMAZ>
Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun Vocational School, Department of Park and Garden Plants, Samsun, TÜRKİYE
0000-0002-4440-8687
Türkiye


Ali GARİPOĞLU> (Primary Author)
Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, Samsun, TÜRKİYE
0000-0001-6681-3336
Türkiye


Osman KILIÇ>
Ondokuz Mayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, Samsun, TÜRKİYE
0000-0002-0129-4034
Türkiye

Publication Date October 31, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tutad1173509, journal = {Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {2148-2306}, eissn = {2528-858X}, address = {}, publisher = {Siirt University}, year = {2022}, volume = {9}, number = {3}, pages = {395 - 401}, doi = {10.19159/tutad.1173509}, title = {Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın Eryılmaz, Gamze and Garipoğlu, Ali and Kılıç, Osman} }
APA Aydın Eryılmaz, G. , Garipoğlu, A. & Kılıç, O. (2022). Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample . Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 9 (3) , 395-401 . DOI: 10.19159/tutad.1173509
MLA Aydın Eryılmaz, G. , Garipoğlu, A. , Kılıç, O. "Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample" . Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 395-401 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tutad/issue/73473/1173509>
Chicago Aydın Eryılmaz, G. , Garipoğlu, A. , Kılıç, O. "Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample". Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 395-401
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample AU - GamzeAydın Eryılmaz, AliGaripoğlu, OsmanKılıç Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.19159/tutad.1173509 DO - 10.19159/tutad.1173509 T2 - Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 395 EP - 401 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - 2148-2306-2528-858X M3 - doi: 10.19159/tutad.1173509 UR - https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.1173509 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Agricultural Research Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample %A Gamze Aydın Eryılmaz , Ali Garipoğlu , Osman Kılıç %T Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample %D 2022 %J Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 2148-2306-2528-858X %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.19159/tutad.1173509 %U 10.19159/tutad.1173509
ISNAD Aydın Eryılmaz, Gamze , Garipoğlu, Ali , Kılıç, Osman . "Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample". Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 / 3 (October 2022): 395-401 . https://doi.org/10.19159/tutad.1173509
AMA Aydın Eryılmaz G. , Garipoğlu A. , Kılıç O. Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample. TÜTAD. 2022; 9(3): 395-401.
Vancouver Aydın Eryılmaz G. , Garipoğlu A. , Kılıç O. Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample. Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2022; 9(3): 395-401.
IEEE G. Aydın Eryılmaz , A. Garipoğlu and O. Kılıç , "Animal Health and Welfare, Milk Safety and Hygiene Practices in Dairy Cattle Farms: Türkiye Sample", Türkiye Tarımsal Araştırmalar Dergisi, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 395-401, Oct. 2022, doi:10.19159/tutad.1173509

TARANILAN DİZİNLER

14658    14659     14660   14661  14662  14663  14664        

14665      14667