Year 2020, Volume 2 , Issue 2, Pages 58 - 69 2020-12-15

Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques
Jeodezik Tekniklerle ve İHA'nın Fotogrametrik Kullanımı ile Üretilen Sayısal Yükseklik Modellerinin Karşılaştırılması

Hasan Bilgehan MAKİNECİ [1] , Hakan KARABÖRK [2] , Akif DURDU [3]


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) use in the production of the map for photogrammetric purposes. Unlike aerial photogrammetry, UAV cameras are non-metric amateur cameras. Therefore, they need some operations to use in photogrammetry. Structure from Motion (SfM) algorithms prefers for processing images because of the usage of the non-metric cameras. These algorithms generally identify key-points (via feature extraction) on the photos and match tie-points (via feature point matching) in overlap images. SfM is a photogrammetric technique that produces keypoint to match by identifying key points, such as edge-to-corner points, through high-resolution RGB photos. The scope of this study was to compare the results obtained by UAVs and the results acquired by ground truth data. In this comparison, SfM algorithm performance, the effects of flight height, overlap rate, and UAV-type on the model investigated, and significant results achieved. Additionally, the models obtained from the UAV photographs with different flight heights and overlaps in the areas with varying characteristics of the slope compared. Consequently, it determined the difference between around 20 cm (Z value), comparing the flight height of 80 m and the flight height of 120 m. Since it is observed that the flight height does not have a significant effect.  
Son yıllarda fotogrametrik amaçlı harita üretiminde İnsansız Hava Araçları (İHA) sıklıkla kullanılmaktadır. Hava fotogrametrisinde kullanılan kameraların aksine, İHA kameraları metrik olmayan kameralardır. Bu nedenle fotogrametride kullanmak için bazı işlemlere ihtiyaç duyarlar. 3 Boyutlu model üretiminde kameranın farklı pozisyonlardan bindirmeli fotoğraf çekimi esasına dayalı Structure from Motion (SfM) algoritmaları, metrik olmayan kameraların kullanılmasına olanak sağlamaktadır. Bu algoritmalar genellikle fotoğraflardaki anahtar noktaları (öznitelik çıkarma yoluyla) tanımlar ve bindirmeli görüntülerde bağlantı noktalarını (öznitelik noktası eşleştirmesi yoluyla) eşleştirir. SfM, yüksek çözünürlüklü fotoğraflar aracılığıyla kenar noktaları köşe noktaları gibi kilit noktaları (keypoint) tanımlayarak eşleşecek anahtar nokta (tie point) üreten bir fotogrametrik tekniktir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, İHA'lar ile çekilmiş fotoğraflardan 3B model üreterek, arazi verilerinden elde edilen 3B modelin karşılaştırılmasıdır. Bu karşılaştırmada SfM algoritma performansı, uçuş yüksekliği, bindirme oranı ve İHA türünün model üzerindeki etkileri incelenmiş ve önemli sonuçlar elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca farklı uçuş yüksekliklerine sahip İHA fotoğraflarından elde edilen modeller ve farklı eğim özelliklerine sahip arazilerde de karşılaştırmalar gerçekleştirildi. Sonuç olarak 80 m uçuş yüksekliği ile 120 m uçuş yüksekliği arasındaki farkın (en büyük fark olarak) 20 cm olduğu (Z değerinde) tespit edilmiştir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3627-5826
Author: Hasan Bilgehan MAKİNECİ (Primary Author)
Institution: konya teknik üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7387-7004
Author: Hakan KARABÖRK
Institution: MÜHENDİSLİK VE DOĞA BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5611-2322
Author: Akif DURDU
Institution: MÜHENDİSLİK VE DOĞA BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Selçuk Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinatörlüğü
Project Number 18401080
Dates

Publication Date : December 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tuzal801177, journal = {Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2687-4997}, address = {MERSİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ ÇİFTLİKKÖY KAMPÜSÜ MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ HARİTA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ}, publisher = {Osman ORHAN}, year = {2020}, volume = {2}, pages = {58 - 69}, doi = {}, title = {Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques}, key = {cite}, author = {Maki̇neci̇, Hasan Bilgehan and Karabörk, Hakan and Durdu, Akif} }
APA Maki̇neci̇, H , Karabörk, H , Durdu, A . (2020). Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques . Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi , 2 (2) , 58-69 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tuzal/issue/57834/801177
MLA Maki̇neci̇, H , Karabörk, H , Durdu, A . "Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques" . Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi 2 (2020 ): 58-69 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tuzal/issue/57834/801177>
Chicago Maki̇neci̇, H , Karabörk, H , Durdu, A . "Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques". Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi 2 (2020 ): 58-69
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques AU - Hasan Bilgehan Maki̇neci̇ , Hakan Karabörk , Akif Durdu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 58 EP - 69 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2687-4997 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques %A Hasan Bilgehan Maki̇neci̇ , Hakan Karabörk , Akif Durdu %T Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques %D 2020 %J Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi %P -2687-4997 %V 2 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Maki̇neci̇, Hasan Bilgehan , Karabörk, Hakan , Durdu, Akif . "Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques". Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi 2 / 2 (December 2020): 58-69 .
AMA Maki̇neci̇ H , Karabörk H , Durdu A . Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques. TJRS. 2020; 2(2): 58-69.
Vancouver Maki̇neci̇ H , Karabörk H , Durdu A . Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques. Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi. 2020; 2(2): 58-69.
IEEE H. Maki̇neci̇ , H. Karabörk and A. Durdu , "Comparison of Digital Elevation Models Produced with Photogrammetric Usage of UAV by Geodetic Techniques", Türkiye Uzaktan Algılama Dergisi, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 58-69, Dec. 2020