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PID Kontrolör ile İki Bölgeli Güç Sistemlerinde Yük Frekans Kontrolünün İncelenmesi

Year 2013, Volume 5, Issue 2, 7 - 11, 15.06.2013

Abstract

Enerji ihtiyacının gün geçtikçe arttığı günümüzde, globalleşmenin de etkisiyle enerji ihtiyacının karşılanması amacıyla enterkonnekte güç sistemleri oluşturulmuştur. Güç sistemlerinde kontrol edilmesi gereken en önemli parametrelerden biri ise frekanstır. Enterkonnekte güç sistemlerinde herhangi bir güç sistem alanında meydana gelecek bir yük değişimi, bağlantı halinde olan diğer güç sistem alanlarının da frekans ve güç yönünden etkilenmesine neden olmaktadır. Bu nedenle yük frekans kontrolü problemi güç sistemleri için en önemli konulanlardan birisi olup bu makalede de önemli kontrolörlerden biri olan ve birçok sistemde uygulanan PID kontrolörün iki bölgeli güç sistemlerindeki performansı incelenmiş, MATLAB-Simulink ortamında modelleme ve simülasyonları yapılarak sonuçlar karşılaştırılmıştır.

References

  • [1]Kundur, P., Power System Stability Control, EPRI Power Eng. Series, 1994. [2] Yılmaz, A.S., Yanıkoğlu, E., Turan, M., “Enerji Sistemlerinde PID Denetleyiciler ile Yük Frekans Kontrolü”, SAÜ Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, pp. 105-109, 1997. [3]Murty, P.S., Power System Operation and Control, Tata-McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1984. [4] Indulkar, C.S., Baldev, R., “Application of Fuzzy Controller to Automatic Generation Control, Electric Machines and Power Systems”, Vol.23, pp.209-220, 1995. [5] Akalın, G., Kocaarslan, İ., Yörükeren N., Erfidan, T., “İki Bölgeli Bir Güç Sistemi İçin Yük-Frekans Kontrolünde Kullanılan PI Kontrolörün Kazancının Bulanık Mantık ile Programlanması”, TOK’98- Otomatik Kontrol Bilimsel toplantısı, s. 133-138, 15-16 Ekim 1998, İstanbul. [6]Tesnjak, S., Mikus, S., Kuljaka, O., “Load-Frequency Fuzzy Control in Power Systems”. [7]Chatuverdi, D.K., Satsangi, P.S., Kalra, P.K., “Load Frequency Control: A Generalised Neural Network Aproach”, Electrical Power and energy Systems, Elsevier Science, Vol.21, s. 405-415, January 1999. [8] Ashok, K., Malik, O.P., et all., “Variable-structure-system Control Applied to AGC of an Interconnected Power System”, IEEE Proceedings, Vol.132, Pt. C., No.1, January 1985. [9]Dangprasert, P., Avatchanakorn, V., “Genetic Algorithms Based on an Intelligent Controller”, Expert Systems with Applications, Pergamon Press, Vol.10, No.3/4, s. 465-470, 1996. [10] Wood, A.J., Wollenberg, B.F., Power Generation, Operation and Control, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984. [11] S. Tesnjak, S. Mikus, O. Kuljaca, Load-frequency fuzzy control in power systems, Proceedings of the 5th SONT, Simpozij o Novim Tehnologijima, pp. 136-139, Poree, 1995. [12] T., Tilli, Automatisierung mit Fuzzy-Logic, Franzis-Verlag, München,1992. [13] Tomsovic, K., Fuzzy Systems Applications to Power Systems, Chapter IV-Short Course, Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent System Application to Power Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 1999, pp.1-10. [14] Milani, Armin Ebrahimi, Mozafari, Babak, “Genetic Algorithms Based Optimal Load Frequency Control in Two-Area in Interconnected Power Systems”, Proceedings of the Second Global Conference on Power Control and Optimization, Vol.1159, s. 43-48, 2009. [15] Zhang Yao, Load Frequency Control of Multıple-Area Power Systems,Y.Lisans Tezi, 2009 [16] J Y. Zhang, L. Dong, and Z. Gao, “Load Frequency Control for Multiple-Area Power Systems”, Proceedings of American Control Conference, 2009 [17] Prasanth, B. Venkata; Kumar, Dr. S. V. Jayaram, “Newrobust Fuzzy Load Frequency Controller for a Two Area Interconnected Power System”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 5, No.2, 2009. [18] Tan, Wen, “Tuning of PID load frequency controller for power systems”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.50, Issue 6, 1465- 1472, 2009 [19] Khodabakhshian, A. , Edrisi, M., “A new robust PID load frequency controller”, Control Engineering Practice, Vol. 16, Issue 9, Pages 1069- 1080, 2008. [20] Liu, Jirong, “A novel PID tuning method for load frequency control of power systems”, Anti-counterfeiting, Security, and Identification in Communication, 3rd International Conference, s. 437-442, 2009 [21] Paz, Robert A. , “The Design of the PID Controller”, Klipsch School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2001

PID Kontrolör ile İki Bölgeli Güç Sistemlerinde Yük Frekans Kontrolünün İncelenmesi

Year 2013, Volume 5, Issue 2, 7 - 11, 15.06.2013

Abstract

Nowadays, power needs continuously increase in global world, so interconnected power systems are established for these requirements. Frequency is one of the most important parameter in power systems. In the event of the fact that a load change is made a power system area in an interconnected power systems, power and frequncy changes in the other power system areas. Thus, load frequency control (LFC) problem has been one of the most important issues in the electric power systems. This paper presents a solution to load frequency control (LFC) problem using PID controllers. The study has been designed for two area power system. Modelling and simulation studies made in MATLAB-Simulink platform was compared with the other studies.

References

  • [1]Kundur, P., Power System Stability Control, EPRI Power Eng. Series, 1994. [2] Yılmaz, A.S., Yanıkoğlu, E., Turan, M., “Enerji Sistemlerinde PID Denetleyiciler ile Yük Frekans Kontrolü”, SAÜ Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, pp. 105-109, 1997. [3]Murty, P.S., Power System Operation and Control, Tata-McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1984. [4] Indulkar, C.S., Baldev, R., “Application of Fuzzy Controller to Automatic Generation Control, Electric Machines and Power Systems”, Vol.23, pp.209-220, 1995. [5] Akalın, G., Kocaarslan, İ., Yörükeren N., Erfidan, T., “İki Bölgeli Bir Güç Sistemi İçin Yük-Frekans Kontrolünde Kullanılan PI Kontrolörün Kazancının Bulanık Mantık ile Programlanması”, TOK’98- Otomatik Kontrol Bilimsel toplantısı, s. 133-138, 15-16 Ekim 1998, İstanbul. [6]Tesnjak, S., Mikus, S., Kuljaka, O., “Load-Frequency Fuzzy Control in Power Systems”. [7]Chatuverdi, D.K., Satsangi, P.S., Kalra, P.K., “Load Frequency Control: A Generalised Neural Network Aproach”, Electrical Power and energy Systems, Elsevier Science, Vol.21, s. 405-415, January 1999. [8] Ashok, K., Malik, O.P., et all., “Variable-structure-system Control Applied to AGC of an Interconnected Power System”, IEEE Proceedings, Vol.132, Pt. C., No.1, January 1985. [9]Dangprasert, P., Avatchanakorn, V., “Genetic Algorithms Based on an Intelligent Controller”, Expert Systems with Applications, Pergamon Press, Vol.10, No.3/4, s. 465-470, 1996. [10] Wood, A.J., Wollenberg, B.F., Power Generation, Operation and Control, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1984. [11] S. Tesnjak, S. Mikus, O. Kuljaca, Load-frequency fuzzy control in power systems, Proceedings of the 5th SONT, Simpozij o Novim Tehnologijima, pp. 136-139, Poree, 1995. [12] T., Tilli, Automatisierung mit Fuzzy-Logic, Franzis-Verlag, München,1992. [13] Tomsovic, K., Fuzzy Systems Applications to Power Systems, Chapter IV-Short Course, Proceedings of International Conference on Intelligent System Application to Power Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 1999, pp.1-10. [14] Milani, Armin Ebrahimi, Mozafari, Babak, “Genetic Algorithms Based Optimal Load Frequency Control in Two-Area in Interconnected Power Systems”, Proceedings of the Second Global Conference on Power Control and Optimization, Vol.1159, s. 43-48, 2009. [15] Zhang Yao, Load Frequency Control of Multıple-Area Power Systems,Y.Lisans Tezi, 2009 [16] J Y. Zhang, L. Dong, and Z. Gao, “Load Frequency Control for Multiple-Area Power Systems”, Proceedings of American Control Conference, 2009 [17] Prasanth, B. Venkata; Kumar, Dr. S. V. Jayaram, “Newrobust Fuzzy Load Frequency Controller for a Two Area Interconnected Power System”, Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 5, No.2, 2009. [18] Tan, Wen, “Tuning of PID load frequency controller for power systems”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.50, Issue 6, 1465- 1472, 2009 [19] Khodabakhshian, A. , Edrisi, M., “A new robust PID load frequency controller”, Control Engineering Practice, Vol. 16, Issue 9, Pages 1069- 1080, 2008. [20] Liu, Jirong, “A novel PID tuning method for load frequency control of power systems”, Anti-counterfeiting, Security, and Identification in Communication, 3rd International Conference, s. 437-442, 2009 [21] Paz, Robert A. , “The Design of the PID Controller”, Klipsch School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2001

Details

Journal Section Articles
Authors

Enes YALÇIN This is me


Ertuğrul ÇAM
0000-0001-6491-9225


Tevfik VARDAR This is me


Murat Lüy

Publication Date June 15, 2013
Published in Issue Year 2013, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

APA Yalçın, E. , Çam, E. , Vardar, T. & Lüy, M. (2013). PID Kontrolör ile İki Bölgeli Güç Sistemlerinde Yük Frekans Kontrolünün İncelenmesi . International Journal of Engineering Research and Development , 5 (2) , 7-11 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/umagd/issue/31726/346064

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