Year 2020, Volume 12 , Issue 1, Pages 118 - 124 2020-01-31

The energy saving surfaces for the sanitary-ware glaze by means of the phosphorescent pigment
Fosforesans Pigmentli Vitrifiye Sırları ile Enerji Tasarruflu Yüzeyler

Nazım KUNDURACI [1] , Zahide BAYER ÖZTÜRK [2] , Gülfem BİNAL [3]


Application of the energy saving surfaces for materials is very important and researched extensively in recent years. In this study, application of phosphorescent pigment is used in sanitary-ware. The usage of phosphorescent pigments and glazes supplies high quality and also attracts customer’s attention. In this study, produced phosphorescent pigment added into sanitary-ware glaze frit at certain ratios. After applying glazes on sanitary bodies, the compositions were fired in industrial kiln. In comparison with the standard sanitary-ware glaze, the homogenous and long lasting ability surface performed. The crystallinity of pigment and microstructure were evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM-EDS), respectively. The results highlighted the new sanitary-ware glaze samples with phosphorescent showed satisfactory phosphorescence ability can be achieved with 10%wt. pigment addition. It is important to note that it is the first time sanitaryware was decorated with photoluminescent glaze.
Malzemeler için enerji tasarrufu sağlayan yüzey uygulanması çok önemlidir ve son yıllarda kapsamlı bir şekilde araştırılmıştır. Bu çalışmada, fosforesans pigment uygulaması vitrifiye sırlarında kullanılmıştır. Fosforesans pigmentlerin ve sırların kullanımı yüksek kalite sağlamakta ve aynı zamanda müşterinin dikkatini çekmektedir. Bu çalışmada, üretilen fosforesans pigment, belirli oranlarda vitrifiye sır fritine eklenmiştir. Vitrifiye bünyeler sırlandıktan sonra bileşimler endüstriyel fırınlarda pişirilmiştir. Standart vitrifiye sırına kıyasla homojen ve uzun ömürlü yüzeyler elde edilmiştir. Pigment kristalinitesi ve mikroyapısı sırasıyla X-ışını difraksiyonu (XRD) ve taramalı elektron mikroskobu (SEM-EDS) ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sonuçlar %10 pigment ilavesi ile yeni fosforesans sır numunelerinin tatmin edici bir ışıma gücü sergilediğini göstermektedir. İlk kez vitrifiye bir ürün fotolüminesans sır ile dekorlanmıştır.
  • Referans 1. Bernaconi, A., Marinoni, N., Pavese, A., Francescon, F., & Young, K. (2014). Feldspar and firing cycle effects on the evolution of sanitary-ware vitreous body. Ceram. Int., 40, 6389-6398.
  • Referans 2. Clabau, F., Rocquefelte, X., Jobic, S., Deniard, P., Whangbo, M.H., Garcia, A., & Mercier, T.L. (2007) On the phoshorescence mechanism in SrAl2O4:Eu2+and its codoped derivates. Solid State Sci., 9, 608-612.
  • Referans 3. Dumitrache, R.L., & Teoreanu, I. (2006). Melting behaviour of feldspar porcelain glazes. U.P.B. Sci. Bull., 68(3), 16.
  • Referans 4. Eppler, R.A., & Eppler, D.R. (2000). Glazes and glass coatings. Westerville, Ohio: Am. Cer. Soc.
  • Referans 5. German, R.M. (1985) Liquid Phase Sintering. New York: Plenum Press.
  • Referans 6. Hupa, L., Bergman, R., Fröberg, L., Vane-Tempest, S., Hupa, M., Kronberg, T., Pesonen-Leinonen, E., & Sjöberg, A.M. (2005). Chemical resistance and cleanability of glazed surfaces. J.Su.Sc., 584, 113-118.
  • Referans 7. Kaya, S.Y., & Karasu, B. (2012). Process parameters determination of phosphorescent pigment added, frit-based wall tiles vetrosa decorations. Ceram. Int., 38, 2757-2766.
  • Referans 8. Kaya, S.Y., & Karasu, B. (2012) Ceramics and glass with phosphorescent ability. Ceram. Tech., 34, 94-99.
  • Referans 9. Kaya, S.Y., Karasu, B., & Karacaoglu, E. (2009) General review of application of phosphorescence pigments in ceramic industry. In: Proceedings of SERES’09 I. International, Ceramic, Glass, Porcelain Enamel, Glaze and Pigment Congress, Eskisehir, Turkey, p. 608-616.
  • Refernas 10. Kaya, S.Y., Karasu, B., & Karacaoglu, E. (2010) Phosphorescence pigment applications in glasses, In: Proceedings of the Camgeran Glass Symposium, Eskisehir, Turkey, p. 41-44.
  • Refernas 11. Qing, X., Wen, C., Feng, Z., & Run-Zhang, Y. (2002). A novel infrared radiant glaze exhibiting antibacterial and antifungal functions. J Wuham Univ Technol., 17, 11-12.
  • Refernas 12. Reed, J.S. (1993). Introduction to principles of ceramic processing, second ed., New York: Wiley, p. 395-474.
  • Referans 13. Ruiz, O., Sanmiguel, F., Gargori, C., Galindo, F., & Monrós, G. (2008). Study of the photocatalytic degradability of ceramic glazes. In: Proceedings of Qualicer, Castellon, Spain. p. 15-31.
  • Referans 14. Staneva, N., & Kasabov, I. (1996) The ınfluence of electrolytes of the casting properties of porcelain slips. Interceram., 45, 12-14.
  • Referans 15. Xiao, L., Xiao, Q., Liu, Y., Ai, P., Li, Y., & Wang, H. (2010). A transparent surface-crystallized Eu2+, Dy3+ co-doped strontium aluminate long-lasting phosphorescent glass-ceramic. J.All.Com., 495, 72-75.
Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0687-3860
Author: Nazım KUNDURACI (Primary Author)
Institution: ZONGULDAK BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8069-0694
Author: Zahide BAYER ÖZTÜRK
Institution: NEVŞEHİR HACI BEKTAŞ VELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4750-8787
Author: Gülfem BİNAL
Institution: BARTIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 31, 2020

APA Kunduracı, N , Bayer Öztürk, Z , Bi̇nal, G . (2020). Fosforesans Pigmentli Vitrifiye Sırları ile Enerji Tasarruflu Yüzeyler . International Journal of Engineering Research and Development , 12 (1) , 118-124 . DOI: 10.29137/umagd.599028