Year 2021, Volume 13 , Issue 1, Pages 265 - 277 2021-01-18

Usage of antimony trioxide, aluminum hydroxide and zinc borate in GRP composite production as fire-retardant additives: An experimental research

Ahmet BEYCİOĞLU [1] , Eda DOĞAN [2] , Suna ÇETİN [3] , Neslihan GÖKÇE [4] , Hüseyin Yılmaz ARUNTAŞ [5]

In this study, it was aimed to investigate the usability of compounds in inorganic structure and the effect of these compounds used in composites on the mechanical properties of composites in order to give fire retardant properties to glass fiber reinforced polyester composites (CTP). Antimony trioxide (Sb2O3), aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3) and zinc borate (2ZnO3.BrO3.3H2O) were added by different proportions (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%) to resin blends to improve the non-flammability of the composites. In experimental study, the combustion behavior of the doped CTP composites produced using different inorganic compounds was determined by international combustion standards ASTM D-635, ASTM D-3801 and ASTM D-5048. In addition, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was applied in order to determine the thermal behavior of the produced GRP composites due to temperature increase and tensile test were applied according to ASTM 638-14.As a result, when the flame retardant additive ratio is 15% or more in the GRP composites, the hand lay production became difficult due to the increase in viscosity. According to ASTM D-3801, when 30% AH is used, non-combustible material in V1 class can be produced. All FRP composites containing flame retardants were included in the HB - slowly burning material class. Flame retardant use generally reduced the tensile strength of GRP composites, but it was found that 10% increase in AT-doped CTPs.
Glass fiber, Fire retardant composites, Non-flammability, Tensile test
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles

Orcid: 0000-0001-6287-1686
Author: Ahmet BEYCİOĞLU (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0002-7624-3768
Author: Eda DOĞAN
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0003-0210-237X
Author: Suna ÇETİN
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0001-5418-0551
Author: Neslihan GÖKÇE
Institution: Süperlit Boru
Country: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0001-5417-629X
Author: Hüseyin Yılmaz ARUNTAŞ
Country: Turkey

Supporting Institution Düzce Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeler Birirmi
Project Number 2017-0705527

Publication Date : January 18, 2021

APA Beycioğlu, A , Doğan, E , Çetin, S , Gökçe, N , Aruntaş, H . (2021). Usage of antimony trioxide, aluminum hydroxide and zinc borate in GRP composite production as fire-retardant additives: An experimental research . International Journal of Engineering Research and Development , 13 (1) , 265-277 . DOI: 10.29137/umagd.821003