Year 2020, Volume 25 , Issue 3, Pages 1325 - 1344 2020-12-31

Prediction And Modelling Wear Resistance of Epoxy Matrix Composite Using Artificial Neural Network and Response Surface Design
TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ

Necip Fazıl KARAKURT [1] , Aysun SAĞBAŞ [2]


Epoxy resin is a widely used material in various of industries especially construction, aviation and automative. Factors that affect epoxy-based composite’s wear rate have been investigated and process optimization has been conducted in this paper. In order to predict the effect of glass and ferrochromium reinforcement in wear resistance of epoxy, total number of 54 sample has been produced where design points are determined by Central Composite Design (CCD). After samples have been tested via wear test machine, results are compared with Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) wear predictions. Mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) shows that ANN (8.18%) outperforms RSM (9.42%) in terms of wear prediction accuracy. Mean square error (MSE) and R 2 statistics are also examined in order to explain variability in response variable and it is concluded that RSM yields better results which are 1.317 and %81.1, respectively. Besides, it is found that glass reinforcement results in decrease in wear rate. Minimum wear rate for small sized particle is obtained at level where glass and ferrochromium reinforcement rates are 17.07% and 2.93%, respectively. For large sized particles, minimum wear rate is obtained where both reinforcements are at rate 17.07%.
Yapılan çalışmada; inşaat, otomotiv ve havacılık gibi birçok sektörde geniş bir kullanım alanına sahip olan epoksi matrisli kompozit malzemenin aşınma davranışına etki eden faktörler incelenmiş olup, süreç optimizasyonu gerçekleştirilmiştir. Cam ve ferrokrom (karbür) katkı maddelerinin epoksi matrisli kompozit malzemenin aşınma dayanımına etkisini tahmin etmek için, Merkezi Birleşik Tasarım (MBT) uygulanarak toplam 18 deney noktasında 54 adet deney numunesi üretilmiştir. Üretilen numunelerin aşınma tepki değerleri ölçülerek Tepki Yüzeyleri Tasarımı (TYT) ve Yapay Sinir Ağları (YSA) aşınma tahmin modelleri oluşturulmuş ve bu modellerin tahmin performansı değerleri karşılaştırılmıştır. YSA yaklaşımının, sınama setinin aşınma oranı tahmininde ortalama yüzde hata değeri (MAPE) %8,18 olarak hesaplanmış olup, TYT yaklaşımının MAPE değeri %9,42 olarak bulunmuştur. Tepki değişkenindeki değişkenliğin açıklanmasında ve epoksi matrisli kompozit malzemenin aşınma davranışının tahmin edilmesinde R 2 ve ortalama kare hata (MSE) istatistikleri de incelenmiş olup, bu istatistiklerde MSE için 1,317 ve R 2 için %81,1 değerleri ile TYT yaklaşımının YSA yaklaşımına göre daha başarılı olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ayrıca, cam katkı oranının artması ile aşınma oranının büyük ölçüde azaldığı görülmüştür. Minimum aşınma oranı; küçük parçacıklarda cam ve ferrokrom katkı oranının sırasıyla %17,07 ve %2,93 olduğu, büyük parçacıklarda iki katkı oranının da %17,07 olduğu durumda elde edilmiştir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Industrial Engineering, Materials Science, Composites
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-2284-6800
Author: Necip Fazıl KARAKURT (Primary Author)
Institution: NAMIK KEMAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5381-7175
Author: Aysun SAĞBAŞ
Institution: NAMIK KEMAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : March 30, 2020
Acceptance Date : October 28, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { uumfd711221, journal = {Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering}, issn = {2148-4147}, eissn = {2148-4155}, address = {}, publisher = {Bursa Uludağ University}, year = {2020}, volume = {25}, pages = {1325 - 1344}, doi = {10.17482/uumfd.711221}, title = {TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Karakurt, Necip Fazıl and Sağbaş, Aysun} }
APA Karakurt, N , Sağbaş, A . (2020). TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ . Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering , 25 (3) , 1325-1344 . DOI: 10.17482/uumfd.711221
MLA Karakurt, N , Sağbaş, A . "TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ" . Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 25 (2020 ): 1325-1344 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/uumfd/issue/57911/711221>
Chicago Karakurt, N , Sağbaş, A . "TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 25 (2020 ): 1325-1344
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ AU - Necip Fazıl Karakurt , Aysun Sağbaş Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17482/uumfd.711221 DO - 10.17482/uumfd.711221 T2 - Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1325 EP - 1344 VL - 25 IS - 3 SN - 2148-4147-2148-4155 M3 - doi: 10.17482/uumfd.711221 UR - https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.711221 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ %A Necip Fazıl Karakurt , Aysun Sağbaş %T TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ %D 2020 %J Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering %P 2148-4147-2148-4155 %V 25 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17482/uumfd.711221 %U 10.17482/uumfd.711221
ISNAD Karakurt, Necip Fazıl , Sağbaş, Aysun . "TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 25 / 3 (December 2020): 1325-1344 . https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.711221
AMA Karakurt N , Sağbaş A . TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ. UUJFE. 2020; 25(3): 1325-1344.
Vancouver Karakurt N , Sağbaş A . TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ. Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering. 2020; 25(3): 1325-1344.
IEEE N. Karakurt and A. Sağbaş , "TEPKİ YÜZEYİ TASARIMI VE YAPAY SİNİR AĞLARI YAKLAŞIMI UYGULANARAK EPOKSİ MATRİSLİ KOMPOZİT MALZEMENİN AŞINMA DAYANIMININ TAHMİNİ VE MODELLENMESİ", Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1325-1344, Dec. 2021, doi:10.17482/uumfd.711221