Year 2020, Volume 25 , Issue 3, Pages 1421 - 1430 2020-12-31

Bakterili Betonun Asit ve Yüksek Sıcaklık Etkisine Karşı Dayanımı
EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE

Hacer BİLİR ÖZHAN [1] , Musa YILDIRIM [2]


Bu çalışmada yenilikçi bir yöntem olan bakteriler kullanılarak beton içerisinde kalsit oluşumu sağlanmıştır. Bakterilerin beton içerisinde ürettiği ürünün betonun asit ve yüksek sıcaklık dayanımına etkisi incelenmiştir. Bacillus megaterium türü bakteri betonun karışım suyuna ve kür suyuna katılarak bakterili beton numuneleri (BC) ile bakteri kullanılmadan bakterisiz kontrol numuneleri (CC) üretilmiştir. 100×100×100 mm boyutunda küp beton numunelerinin 28 günlük basınç dayanımı belirlendikten sonra HCL asidine 10 gün boyunca maruz bırakılmıştır. Asit etkisi sonucunda bakterili ve bakterisiz kontrol numunelerinin ağırlık kayıpları ile basınç dayanımı kayıpları ölçülmüştür. Aside maruz kalan bakterili numunelerin basınç dayanımı 25,08 MPa, kontrol numunelerinin ise 17,90 MPa olarak belirlenmiştir. Bu fark bakterili numunelerin %40,11 daha yüksek basınç dayanımı sağladığını göstermiştir. Asit etkisi sonucu kontrol numuneleri ağırlıklarının %10,99’unu kaybederken bakterili numuneler sadece %8,74’ünü kaybetmiştir. Çalışmanın ikinci kısmında beton numuneleri 400℃ sıcaklığa maruz bırakılarak yüksek sıcaklık sonrası basınç dayanımları belirlenmiştir. Yüksek sıcaklık etkisi sonucunda bakterili betonun basınç dayanımı %13,76 oranında daha yüksek elde edilmiştir.Tüm bu çalışmanın sonuçları incelendiğinde bakterinin ürettiği CaCO3 ürününün betonun boşluk ve yüzeyinde oluşması betonun geçirimsizliğini arttırdığı sonucuna varılmıştır. Bu geçirimsizlik hali betonun sıcaklık ve asit etkisine karşı olan durabilitesini arttırmıştır.
Bacterial concrete specimens were produced in this study to investigate the effects of microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) mechanism on concrete durability. Bacterial concrete (BC) samples were produced through supplementation of Bacillus megaterium bacteria into concrete mixture and curing water. However, control concrete (CC) samples were produced without bacteria. BC and CC were exposed to acid (HCl) and high temperature (400C) treatments. In the first phase of the study, 100×100×100 mm cube specimens were immersed into HCl solution for 10 days and compressive strengths and weight losses were determined. Compressive strength of acid-treated samples was measured as 25.08 MPa for BC samples and as 17.90 MPa for CC samples. Such values revealed that BC samples yielded 40.11% greater compressive strength. When CC samples lost 10.99% weight due to acid attack, BC samples lost 8.74% weight. In the second phase of the study, concrete specimens were exposed to 400°C temperature and compressive strength of heat-treated samples was determined. As the result of high temperature, bacterial samples yielded 13.76% greater compressive strength against high temperature. Present findings revealed that CaCO3 formation on concrete improved concrete durability against attacks and high temperatures.
  • Achal, V., Mukerjee, A. and Reddy, M.S. (2013) Biogenic treatment improves the durability and remediates the cracks of concrete structures, Construction and Building Materials, 48, 1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.06.061
  • AL-Ridha, A.S.D, Atshan, A.F., Taweel, M.H. and Hussein, H.H. (2018) Evaluation of compression strength of microbial cement mortar, International Journal of Management Technology And Engineering, 8,1357-1364.
  • Andalib, R., Majıd, M.Z.A., Hussın, M.W., Ponraj, M., Keyvanfar, A., Mirza, J. and Lee, H. (2016) Optimum Concentration Of Bacillus Megaterium For Strengthening Structural Concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 118, 180-193. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.04.142
  • Andalib, R., Majıd, M.Z.A., Keyvanfar, A., Talaıekhozan, A., Hussın, M.W., Shafaghat, A.,Zın, R.M., Lee, C.T. and Fulazzaky, M.A. (2014) Durability improvement assessment in different high strength bacterial structural concrete grades against different types of acids, Sadhana, 39 (6), 1509-1522. doi: 10.1007/s12046-014-0283-0
  • Baradan, B. and Aydın,S. (2013) Betonun durabilitesi, Beton 2013 Hazır Beton Kongresi,İstanbul.
  • Baradan, B. and Yazıcı, H. (2003) Betonarme yapılarda durabilite ve TS EN 206-1 standardının getirdiği yenilikler, Tmh - Türkiye Mühendislik Haberleri, 426-4.
  • Chahal, N., Siddique, R. and Rajor, A. (2012) Influence of bacteria on the compressive strength, water absorption and rapid chloride permeability of concrete incorporating silica füme, Construction and Building Materials, 37, 645-651. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.07.029
  • Eurocode-4 (2012) Part 1-2, Structural Fire Design According to Eurocodes, Brussels.
  • Gartner, E. (2004) Industrially interesting approaches to ‘‘low-co2’’ cements, Cement and Concrete Research Elsevier, 34(9), 1489-1498. doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.01.021
  • Kızılkanat, A. B. and Yüzer, N. (2008) Yüksek sıcaklık etkisindeki harcın basınç dayanımı-renk değişimi ilişkisi, İMO Teknik Dergi, 92(19), 4381-4392.
  • Krishnapriya, S., Babu, D.L. and Arulraj, G.P. (2015) Isolation and identification of bacteria to improve the strength of concrete, Microbiological Research, 174, 48-55. doi:10.1016/j.micres.2015.03.009
  • Meera, C.M. and Subha, V. (2017) Durability assessment of bacteria based self-healing concrete, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 1, 01-07.
  • Reddy, S., Satya. K., Seshagiri Rao, M V, and Azmatunnisa, M. (2012) A biological approach to enhance strength and durability in concrete structures, International Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology, 4(2), 392-399.
  • Siddique, R., Singh, K., Kunal, Singh, M., Corinaldesi, V. and Rajor, A. (2016) Properties of bacterial rice husk ash concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 121, 112-119. doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.146
  • TS 706 EN 12620 (2009) Concrete aggregates and tests , Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • TS 802 (2009) Design concrete mixes, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • TS EN 12390-3 (2010) Testing hardened concrete - Part 3 : Compressive strength of test specimens, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Wang, J., Ersan, Y.C., Boon, N. and De Belie, N. (2016) Application of microorganisms in concrete: a promising sustainable strategy to improve concrete durability, Applied Microbiology Biotechnology, 100:2993–3007. doi:10.1007/s00253-016-7370-6.
Primary Language en
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0728-0431
Author: Hacer BİLİR ÖZHAN
Institution: BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7085-4819
Author: Musa YILDIRIM (Primary Author)
Institution: BURSA TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 25, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 4, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { uumfd816087, journal = {Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering}, issn = {2148-4147}, eissn = {2148-4155}, address = {}, publisher = {Bursa Uludağ University}, year = {2020}, volume = {25}, pages = {1421 - 1430}, doi = {10.17482/uumfd.816087}, title = {EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE}, key = {cite}, author = {Bilir Özhan, Hacer and Yıldırım, Musa} }
APA Bilir Özhan, H , Yıldırım, M . (2020). EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE . Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering , 25 (3) , 1421-1430 . DOI: 10.17482/uumfd.816087
MLA Bilir Özhan, H , Yıldırım, M . "EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE" . Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 25 (2020 ): 1421-1430 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/uumfd/issue/57911/816087>
Chicago Bilir Özhan, H , Yıldırım, M . "EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 25 (2020 ): 1421-1430
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE AU - Hacer Bilir Özhan , Musa Yıldırım Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17482/uumfd.816087 DO - 10.17482/uumfd.816087 T2 - Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1421 EP - 1430 VL - 25 IS - 3 SN - 2148-4147-2148-4155 M3 - doi: 10.17482/uumfd.816087 UR - https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.816087 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE %A Hacer Bilir Özhan , Musa Yıldırım %T EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE %D 2020 %J Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering %P 2148-4147-2148-4155 %V 25 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17482/uumfd.816087 %U 10.17482/uumfd.816087
ISNAD Bilir Özhan, Hacer , Yıldırım, Musa . "EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE". Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering 25 / 3 (December 2020): 1421-1430 . https://doi.org/10.17482/uumfd.816087
AMA Bilir Özhan H , Yıldırım M . EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE. UUJFE. 2020; 25(3): 1421-1430.
Vancouver Bilir Özhan H , Yıldırım M . EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE. Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering. 2020; 25(3): 1421-1430.
IEEE H. Bilir Özhan and M. Yıldırım , "EFFECTS OF ACID AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE TREATMENTS ON DURABILITY OF BACTERIAL CONCRETE", Uludağ University Journal of The Faculty of Engineering, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1421-1430, Dec. 2021, doi:10.17482/uumfd.816087