Please download the article template here.
For comprehensive information regarding the journal's policies on submission, peer-review, publication, and ethical standards, kindly visit the Policies page. Similarly, for detailed information about the journal, please visit the About page.
It is strongly advised to review the journal's policies before submitting any manuscripts to ensure compliance with the journal's guidelines.
Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should be original and not previously presented or published in any electronic or print medium. If a manuscript was previously presented at a conference or meeting, authors should provide detailed information about the event, including the name, date, and location of the organization.
Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (updated in May 2023).
Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with the relevant guideline listed below:
• Randomized research studies and clinical trials: CONSORT guidelines (for protocols, please see the SPIRIT guidance)
• Observational original research studies: STROBE guidelines
• Studies on diagnostic accuracy: STARD guidelines
• Systematic reviews and meta-analysis: PRISMA guidelines (for protocols, please see the PRISMA-P guidelines)
• Experimental animal studies: ARRIVE guidelines and Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 8th edition
• Case report: the CARE case report guidelines
• Genetic association studies: STREGA
• Qualitative research: SRQR guidelines
To find the right guideline for your research, please complete the questionnaire by Equator Network here.
The style of manuscripts should follow the AMA Manual of Style, 11th Edition.
Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system. Manuscripts submitted via any other medium and submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be evaluated.
In addition to the manuscript files, authors are required to submit the following during the initial submission:
· Copyright Agreement and Acknowledgement of Authorship Form, and
· ICMJE Disclosure Form (should be filled in by all contributing authors)
Preparation of the Manuscript
Title page: A separate title page should be submitted with all submissions and this page should include:
• The full title of the manuscript as well as a short title (running head) of no more than 50 characters,
• Name(s), affiliations, highest academic degree(s), and ORCID IDs of the author(s),
• Grant information and detailed information on the other sources of support,
• Name, address, telephone (including the mobile phone number), and email address of the corresponding author,
• Acknowledgment of the individuals who contributed to the preparation of the manuscript but who do not fulfill the authorship criteria.
• If the author(s) is a member of the journal’s Editorial Board, this should be specified in the title page.
Keywords: Each submission must be accompanied by a minimum of three to a maximum of six keywords for subject indexing at the end of the abstract. The keywords should be listed in full without abbreviations. The keywords should be selected from the National Library of Medicine, Medical Subject Headings database (https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html).
Abstract: An abstract should be submitted with all submissions except for Letters to the Editor. Please check Table 1 below for word count specifications.
Research articles provide new information based on original research. The acceptance of research articles is typically based on the originality and importance of the research. The main text of a Research Article should be structured with subheadings, including Objective, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion.
Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Research Articles.
Reporting Statistical Analysis
Statistical analysis to support conclusions is usually necessary. Statistical analyses must be conducted in accordance with international statistical reporting standards (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Information on statistical analyses should be provided with a separate subheading under the Materials and Methods section and the statistical software that was used during the process must be specified.
When reporting statistical data in a research paper, it is important to present the values in a clear and consistent manner. P values, confidence intervals (CIs), and other statistical measures should be rounded appropriately and expressed according to the guidelines provided. For example, P values should be expressed to two digits to the right of the decimal point unless the first two digits are zeros, in which case three digits should be provided (eg, instead of P < .01, report as P = .002). However, values close to .05 may be reported to three decimal places because .05 is an arbitrary cut-off point for statistical significance (eg, P = .053). P values less than .001 should be designated as P < .001 rather than providing the exact value (eg, P = .000006).
Units should be prepared in accordance with the International System of Units (SI).
Reviews prepared by authors who have experience knowledge in a particular field and possess a strong scientific background with a significant number of publications and high citation potential are welcomed. The journal considers both "Invited reviews" and review articles submitted by experts and experienced researchers. In instances where authors submit review articles, it is expected that the corresponding author has a minimum of five research articles published in journals indexed by SCI and SCI-expanded.
Review articles should comprehensively describe, discuss, and evaluate the current state of knowledge in a specific topic within the field of all veterinary topics. The main text of review articles should begin with an Introduction section and conclude with a Conclusion section. The other sections can be named according to the relevance and essence of the topic.
Systematic Reviews provide a comprehensive synthesis of research on a topic, using defined methods to analyze and report evidence. Presenting the research question, search strategy, inclusion/exclusion criteria, and analysis plan, systematic reviews follow PRISMA reporting guidelines, including the PRISMA flow diagram (if applicable), and provide funding information (if applicable). Manuscripts should have headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion.
Please refer to Table 1 for "Systematic Reviews" limitations.
The journal has limited space for case reports, and prioritizes publishing reports on rare cases or challenging conditions that provide new insights into diagnosis and treatment, offer novel therapies, or reveal knowledge not yet included in the literature. Interesting and educational case reports are also welcomed for publication. The text of a case report should include Introduction, Case Presentation, and Discussion sections. An unstructured abstract should also be included. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Case Reports.
Letters to the Editor
A "Letter to the Editor" is a type of manuscript that discusses important or overlooked aspects of a previously published article. This type of manuscript may also present articles on subjects within the scope of the journal that are of interest to readers, particularly educational cases. Readers can also use the "Letter to the Editor" format to share their comments on published manuscripts. The text of a "Letter to the Editor" should be unstructured and should not include an abstract, keywords, tables, figures, images, or other media. The manuscript that is being commented on must be properly cited within the "Letter to the Editor."
Editorial commentaries are opinions or perspective pieces about the papers previously or currently published in the Veterinary Sciences and Practices, or topic of interest to the readership of the journal. In general, comments on specific papers should be given directly under the published paper. Articles should contain a title page, the main text, funding information, a conflict of interest statement, and references; the abstract is not needed. The main text should not exceed 800 words. The maximum number of references is 5. Before submitting an editorial commentary, the author must send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org to state the scientific importance of the proposed article. Editorial commentaries will only be considered if publications are submitted by senior clinicians or researchers.
Short Communications are brief, focused articles that present new scientific research or theories. These articles should be written in the same format as a full-length original research article, with sections for Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion. The total length of the article should not exceed 2500 words, with a 150-word abstract and a maximum of 3 display items (figures/tables). Please refer to Table 1 for the limitations for “Short Communications.”
Brief reports should present focused or highly innovative clinical research that is of interest to the journal's readership. They may also be appropriate for presenting research that builds upon previously published work, including additional controls and confirmatory results in different settings, as well as negative findings. The abstract should be structured and should not exceed 200 words, with subtitles that reflect the organization of the article. Please refer to Table 1 for the limitations for “Brief Reports.”
Table 1. Limitations for each manuscript type
|Type of manuscript
|Abstract word limit
| Figure limit
|5 or total of 10 images
|10 or total of 15 images
|2 or total of 4 images
|4 or total of 8 images
|Letters to the Editor
|3 or total of 6 images
|3 or total of 6 images
*Word limit should not include the abstract, references, tables, and figure legends.
*The minimum reference limit for Research Articles and Review Articles is 20, whereas, for case reports, it is 10.
Tables should be included in the main document, after the reference list, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the text. Each table should have a descriptive title placed above it, and any abbreviations used in the table should be defined below the table by footnotes (even if they are defined in the main text). Tables should be created using the "insert table" command of the Word processing software, and they should be arranged clearly to make the data easy to read and understand. The data presented in the tables should not be a repetition of the data presented in the main text, but should support and enhance the main text.
Figures and Figure Legends
Figures should be submitted as separate files in TIFF or JPEG format, and they should not be embedded in the Word document or the main manuscript file. If a figure has subunits, each subunit should be submitted as a separate file, and the subunits should not be merged into a single image. The figures should not be labeled (a, b, c, etc.) to indicate subunits. Instead, the figure legend should be used to describe the different parts of the figure. Thick and thin arrows, arrowheads, stars, asterisks, and similar marks can be used on the images to support figure legends.Images should be anonymized to remove any information that may identify individuals or institutions. The minimum resolution of each figure should be 300 DPI, and the figures should be clear and easy to read. Figure legends should be listed at the end of the main document. Figures should be referred to within the main text, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are mentioned.
All acronyms and abbreviations used in the manuscript should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text. The abbreviation should be provided in parentheses following the definition, and it should be used consistently throughout the paper.
When mentioning a drug, product, hardware, or software program in a manuscript, it is important to provide detailed information about the product in parentheses. This should include the name of the product, the producer of the product, and the city and country of the company. For example, if mentioning a Discovery St PET/CT scanner produced by General Electric in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, the information should be presented in the following format: "Discovery St PET/CT scanner (General Electric, Milwaukee, WI, USA)." Providing this information helps to ensure that the product is properly identified and credited.
Supplementary materials, including audio files, videos, datasets, and additional documents (e.g., appendices, additional figures, tables), are intended to complement the main text of the manuscript. These supplementary materials should be submitted as a separate section after the references list. Concise descriptions of each supplementary material should be included to explain their relevance to the manuscript. Page numbers are not required for supplementary materials.
Both in-text citations and the references must be prepared according to the AMA Manual of Style 11th Edition.
When citing publications, preference should be given to the latest, most up-to-date sources. Citing the latest sources can help to ensure that the paper is relevant and timely, and that it reflects the latest developments in the field. Regardless of the type of article (original research article, case report, review), at least one-fifth of the references used (according to the year the article was submitted) should be from the last 3 years.
It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the accuracy of the references in their article. All sources must be properly cited, and the citations must be formatted correctly.
In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited in superscript after punctuation.
If an ahead-of-print publication is cited, the DOI number should be provided in the reference list.
Journal titles should be abbreviated in the reference list in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus/MEDLINE/PubMed.
When there are six or fewer authors, all authors should be listed. If there are seven or more authors, the first three authors should be listed followed by “et al.” in the reference list.
The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples.
Journal Article: Ammitzboll C, Andersen JB, Vils SR, et al. Isolation, behavioral changes, and low seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Care Res. 2022;74(11):1780-1785.
Book Section: Cohen EL. The multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary nature of health communication scholarship. In: Thompson TL, Harrington NG, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication. London: Routledge;2022:3-16.
Books with a Single Author: Haslwanter T. An Introduction to Statistics with Python. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer International Publishing; 2022.
Editor(s) as Author: Thompson TL, Harrington NG, eds. The Routledge Handbook of Health Communication. London: Routledge;2022.
Thesis: Chunga A. The Role of the Gastrointestinal Tract Microbiota in Colonisation Resistance Against Common Enteric Pathogens in Malawian Children. Dissertation. University of Liverpool; 2022.
Websites: International Society for Infectious Diseases. ProMed-mail. Accessed December 13, 2022. http://www.promedmail.org
Epub Ahead of Print Articles: Torres X, Bennasar M, Bautista-Rodríguez C, et al. The heart after surviving twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Mar 26. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2022.03.049. [Epub ahead of print].
Once a manuscript has been accepted for publication, it goes through a copy-editing process by professional language editors to ensure that it is clear and well-written. This process may involve correcting grammar, punctuation, and formatting errors, as well as making changes to improve the overall clarity and readability of the manuscript.
After the copy-editing process is complete, the manuscript is published online as an "ahead-of-print" publication, which means that it is available to readers before it is included in a scheduled issue of the journal. This allows readers to access the latest research as soon as it becomes available.
Before the manuscript is officially published, the corresponding author is sent a PDF proof of the accepted manuscript for review. The corresponding author is asked to review the proof and approve it for publication within a specified time period, typically 2 days. This is an important step in the publication process, as it allows the author to catch any errors or make any final changes before the manuscript is published.