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THE ROLE OF GENDER EXPRESSION ON THE CONSTRUCTION AND DECONSTRUCTION OF GENDER DIFFERENCES

Year 2020, Volume , Issue 11, 82 - 114, 10.06.2020

Abstract

The aim of this paper is, first, to introduce the concept of gender expression, and second, to discuss
its role on the construction and destruction of gender differences. Gender expression is a reflection
of a person via gender. It is reflected via gendered bodily performatives such as, way of dressing and
speech, hair style, mimics and gestures. To discuss gender expression, which has not been
extensively focused on in the literature so far, first, Floyd’s (2018) historically determined concept
of geonder performativity was shortly summarized. Then, social psychological theories such as
gender schema, gender categorization, and gender roles were reviewed and their congruences with
gender performativity were dwelled on. Furthermore, the diffficulty in asserting gendernonconforming
gender expression due to prejudice, discrimination and negative attitudes was
mentioned. Nevertheless, the assumption that diversity in gender expression can lead to
transformation of gender binary and gender stereotypes was put forward. In this context, research
on behavioral neuroendocrinology and neuroscience were referred to as not supporting the gender
binary view. Finally, time-space tracks of gender expression in Turkey were traced, and the
importance of political factors was attenuated. Gender expression is suggested to be investigated
as an independent variable that is distinct from gender or other gender related variables (gender
identity, gender roles, etc.). According to this suggestion, some leading questions for further studies
were addressed.

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CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ

Year 2020, Volume , Issue 11, 82 - 114, 10.06.2020

Abstract

Bu yazının amacı, cinsiyet ifadesi kavramını ele almak, bunun yanı sıra cinsiyet farklarının inşasında
ve bu farkların aşılmasında cinsiyet ifadesinin rolünü tartışmaktır. Cinsiyet ifadesi, bireyin kendini
cinsiyet vasıtasıyla dışavurma biçimidir. Bu dışavurum, giyim ve konuşma tarzı, saç kesimi, mimik ve
jestler gibi cinsiyetlendirilmiş bedenlerin edimleri vasıtasıyla gerçekleşir. Alanyazında oldukça sınırlı
bir şekilde ele alınmış olan cinsiyet ifadesi kavramını tartıştığımız bu yazıda, öncelikle tarihsel
belirlenimli cinsiyet edimi anlayışı özetlenmiş, daha sonra, bu kuramsal çerçeve ışığında cinsiyet
şeması, cinsiyet kategorileri ve cinsiyet rolleri gibi sosyal psikoloji kuramları gözden geçirilmiş ve
bunların cinsiyet ifadesiyle ilişkisi üzerinde durulmuştur. Sonraki bölümde, önyargılar, ayrımcılık ve
olumsuz tutumlar sebebiyle belirli bir cinsiyetle uyumsuz olacak şekilde cinsiyeti dışavurmanın
zorluğundan bahsedilmiş, ancak her şeye rağmen, cinsiyet ifadesinin çeşitlenmesinin iki cinsiyetli
kategorilemeyi çeldireceği ve böylelikle cinsiyet kalıpyargılarını aşmaya katkıda bulunacağı savı
ortaya atılmıştır. Bununla tutarlı bir şekilde, davranışsal nöroendokrinoloji ve sinirbilim araştırma
bulgularının iki cinsiyetli sistemi desteklemediğinden bahsedilmiştir. Son olarak, cinsiyet ifadesinin
Türkiye’deki zamansal ve mekânsal izi sürülerek politik etmenlerin önemi vurgulanmıştır. Gelecekte
yapılacak araştırmalarda, cinsiyet ifadesinin hem cinsiyetten hem de cinsiyetle ilgili diğer
değişkenlerden (cinsiyet kimliği, cinsiyet rolleri, vb.) ayrı bir şekilde incelenmesi önerilmiştir. Bu öneri
doğrultusunda, gelecek çalışmalar için yol gösterici olabileceği düşünülen bazı sorulara yer
verilmiştir.

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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Meral GEZİCİ-YALÇIN (Primary Author)
BOLU ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8751-3428
Türkiye


Veysi TANRİVERDİ
BOLU ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8992-1321
Türkiye

Publication Date June 10, 2020
Application Date January 15, 2020
Acceptance Date May 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume , Issue 11

Cite

Bibtex @research article { viraverita675588, journal = {ViraVerita E-Dergi}, issn = {2149-3081}, address = {Ankara Üniversitesi Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi}, publisher = {Çetin TÜRKYILMAZ}, year = {2020}, volume = {}, pages = {82 - 114}, doi = {}, title = {CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ}, key = {cite}, author = {Gezici-yalçın, Meral and Tanriverdi, Veysi} }
APA Gezici-yalçın, M. & Tanriverdi, V. (2020). CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ . ViraVerita E-Dergi , (11) , 82-114 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/viraverita/issue/54815/675588
MLA Gezici-yalçın, M. , Tanriverdi, V. "CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ" . ViraVerita E-Dergi (2020 ): 82-114 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/viraverita/issue/54815/675588>
Chicago Gezici-yalçın, M. , Tanriverdi, V. "CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ". ViraVerita E-Dergi (2020 ): 82-114
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ AU - Meral Gezici-yalçın , Veysi Tanriverdi Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - ViraVerita E-Dergi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 82 EP - 114 VL - IS - 11 SN - 2149-3081- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 ViraVerita E-Journal CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ %A Meral Gezici-yalçın , Veysi Tanriverdi %T CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ %D 2020 %J ViraVerita E-Dergi %P 2149-3081- %V %N 11 %R %U
ISNAD Gezici-yalçın, Meral , Tanriverdi, Veysi . "CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ". ViraVerita E-Dergi / 11 (June 2020): 82-114 .
AMA Gezici-yalçın M. , Tanriverdi V. CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ. viraverita. 2020; (11): 82-114.
Vancouver Gezici-yalçın M. , Tanriverdi V. CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ. ViraVerita E-Dergi. 2020; (11): 82-114.
IEEE M. Gezici-yalçın and V. Tanriverdi , "CİNSİYET FARKLARININ İNŞASINDA VE BU FARKLARIN AŞILMASINDA CİNSİYET İFADESİNİN ROLÜ", ViraVerita E-Dergi, no. 11, pp. 82-114, Jun. 2020