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Cihaz Sınırları: Bir Ekolojik Ağ Paradoksu

Year 2020, Issue: 24, 113 - 126, 24.07.2020

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, iletişim ağlarında paradoks kavramı ve melez ekolojilerde insan yapıtlarının canlı varlıklarla tanımladığı ilişkiler tartışılmaktadır. İletişim ağlarının günlük hayatımızdaki gerekliliğinin bilinciyle bu çalışma, cihazlar ve insanlar arasındaki ilişkinin paradokslar ve zorluklar babında nasıl kritik sorular yaratabileceğini ortaya koyar. Sosyo-teknik acizlik paradoksu ve zaman baskısı paradoksu iki zorluğu tanımlamak için temel oluşturmaktadır: zaman ve mekanın yokluğu ile mülkiyet ve filrenin/sansürün varlığı. Bu teorik çerçeve, cihazlar ve insanlar arasındaki sosyalliğin peşinde olan Cihaz Sınırları tasarım araştırma projesi için bir arka plan oluşturmaktadır. Cihaz Sınırları’nın amacı, topluluklar üzerine dijital katmanlar yerleştirerek aynı çevredeki insanlar arasında yakın iletişimi teşvik etmektir. Ortaya çıkan ekoloji, alternatif bir iletişim ağına şekil verir. Buna göre çalışma ilk olarak, teknolojik cihazların sosyal hayatımızdaki rolünü ve ekolojik paradokslar ile zorlukları açıklar. Daha sonra, iletişim teknolojilerini bu paradokslardan nasıl özgürleştirebileceğimizi araştırır ve hizmet ağlarının oluşturulmasında alternatif sistemleri benimseyen bir dizi örnek sunar. Sonuç olarak, Cihaz Sınırları araştırması altında bir dizi tasarım projesi ile teorik araştırmayı gerçekleştirir ve tartışır.

References

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  • ———. (2016). Wipong: A massive multiplayer collocated game. In Verdicchio, M., Clifford, A., Rangel, A. and Carvalhais, M. (Ed.), xCoAx 2016: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Computation, Communication, Aesthetics & X (p. 374–376). Bergamo, Italy: (n.p.). Retrieved from http://2016.xcoax.org/xcoax2016.pdf
  • Seago, A. and Dunne, A. (1999). New methodologies in art and design research: The object as discourse. Design Issues, 15(2), 11–17.
  • Solon, O. (2017, November 06). Tim Berners-Lee on the future of the web: 'The system is failing'. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/nov/15/tim-berners-lee-world-wide-web-net-neutrality
  • Third Visit to Vanuatu. (2017, October 06) Retrieved from https://servalpaul.blogspot.com/2017/10/third-visit-to-vanuatu.html
  • Thrift, N. (1993). For a new regional geography 3. Progress in Human Geography, 17(1), 92–100. doi: 10.1177/030913259301700107
  • ———. (1996). Spatial formations. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. New York: Basic Books.
  • Virilio, P. (1997). Open Sky. London: Verso.
  • Wajcman, J. (2015). Pressed for time: The acceleration of life in digital capitalism. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Webster, F. (1995). Network society: Manuel Castells. In Theories of the Information Society. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Xu X., Mao Z.M. and Halderman J.A. (2011). Internet censorship in China: Where does the filtering occur? In Spring N., Riley G.F. (Eds.), Passive and active measurement (PAM 2011). Lecture notes in Computer Science, Vol 6579. Berlin: Springer.

Device Boundaries: An Ecological Network Paradox

Year 2020, Issue: 24, 113 - 126, 24.07.2020

Abstract

This paper discusses the concept of paradox in communication networks and the relations defined by artifacts with living entities in hybrid ecologies. While communication networks are essential in our daily life, this paper presents how the relationship between people and devices poses critical questions as paradoxes and challenges. The paradox of socio-technical impotence and time-pressure presents two challenges: the absence of time and space and the presence of ownership and filter. This theoretical framework constitutes a background for Device Boundaries, a design research project that seeks for sociality among people and devices. The aim of Device Boundaries is to encourage close distance communication among people by superimposing digital layers over physical communities. The resulting ecology shapes an alternative communication network. Accordingly, the paper first illustrates the role of technological devices in our social life and describes the ecological paradoxes and challenges. Then, it explores how we might liberate communication technologies from these paradoxes, and introduces a series of case studies that adopt alternative systems to the creation of networks of services. In conclusion, it factualizes and discusses the theoretical research in a series of design projects under Device Boundaries research.

References

  • Akasha. [n.d.]. Retrieved from https://hack.akasha.org/fullstack-developer.
  • Allain, R. (2013, February 26). A duet from space. Wired. Retrieved from https://www.wired.com/2013/02/a-duet-from-space/
  • Ballagas, R., Rohs, M., Sheridan, J. G., and Borchers, J. (2004). BYOD: Bring your own device. Retrieved from http://www.vs.inf.ethz.ch/publ/papers/rohs-byod-2004.pdf
  • Berners-Lee, T. (2010, December 1). Long live the web: A call for continued open standards and neutrality. Scientific American, 303(6). Retrieved from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/long-live-the-web/
  • Bonnett, A. (1991). The situationist legacy. Variant, 1(9), 28–33.
  • Boyle, J. (2019). Is the Internet over?! (Again?). Duke Law & Technology Review, 18, 32–60.
  • Brooker, K. (2018, July 09). "I was devastated": The man who created the World Wide Web has some regrets. Vanity Fair. Retrieved from https://www.vanityfair.com/news/2018/07/the-man-who-created-the-world-wide-web-has-some-regrets
  • Chen, Q. and Yan, Z. (2016). Does multitasking with mobile phones affect learning? A review. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 34–42.
  • Commotion. [n.d]. Retrieved from https://commotionwireless.net/docs/cck/
  • Denovan A. and Dagnall N. (2019). Development and evaluation of the chronic time pressure inventory. Frontiers in Psychology, 10.
  • Eriksen, T. H. (2001). Tyranny of the moment: Fast and slow time in the information age. London: Pluto.
  • Fırat, M. (2013). Multitasking or continuous partial attention: A critical bottleneck for digital natives. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 14, 266–272.
  • Fiscutean, A. (2017, December 04). Internet censorship: It's on the rise and Silicon Valley is helping it happen. ZDNet. Retrieved from https://www.zdnet.com/article/internet-censorship-its-on-the-rise-and-silicon-valley-is-helping-it-happen/
  • Genç, K. (2019). Switch off, we’re landing! Be prepared that if you visit Turkey online access is restricted. Index on Censorship, 48(3), 8–10.
  • Gertz, E. and Di Justo, P. (2012). Environmental monitoring with Arduino: building simple devices to collect data about the world around us. Sebastopol: O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  • Gharakheiliy, H., H., Vishwanath, A. and Sivaraman, V. (2016). Perspectives on net neutrality and internet fast-lanes. ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, 46(1), 64–69.
  • Guattari, F. (2000). The three ecologies. London: The Athlone Press.
  • Huggett, N. (2018). Zeno’s paradoxes. In Zalta, N. (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2019 Edition). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/paradox-zeno/
  • Kopomaa, T. (2004). Speaking Mobile: Intensified Everyday Life, Condensed City. In S. Graham (Ed.), The Cybercities Reader (p. 267-272). London, New York: Routledge.
  • Manzini, E. (2005, March 18). Enabling platforms for creative communities. Doors of perception. Retrieved from http://doors8delhi.doorsofperception.com/presentationspdf/manzini.html [offline]
  • Milne, E. (2003, December 06). Email and epistolary technologies: Presence, intimacy, disembodiment. The Fibreculture Journal, 2. Retrieved from http://two.fibreculturejournal.org/fcj-010-email-and-epistolary-technologies-presence-intimacy-disembodiment/
  • Morton, T. (2018). Being ecological. ‎New Orleans: Pelican.
  • Niaki, A.A., Cho, S., Weinberg, Z., Phong Hoang, N., Razaghpanah, A., Christin N. and Gill, P. (2020, May). ICLab: A Global, Longitudinal Internet Censorship Measurement Platform. Proceedings of the 41st IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, Oakland 2020.
  • Olivier, B. (2019). ‘Mindfulness’ in an era of acceleration. Alternation, 25, 357–379.
  • Savasta, D. (2015). Appendici del futuro: Interfacce collettive per l’emancipazione sociale. Doctoral dissertation, Iuav University of Venice, Venice.
  • ———. (2016). Wipong: A massive multiplayer collocated game. In Verdicchio, M., Clifford, A., Rangel, A. and Carvalhais, M. (Ed.), xCoAx 2016: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Computation, Communication, Aesthetics & X (p. 374–376). Bergamo, Italy: (n.p.). Retrieved from http://2016.xcoax.org/xcoax2016.pdf
  • Seago, A. and Dunne, A. (1999). New methodologies in art and design research: The object as discourse. Design Issues, 15(2), 11–17.
  • Solon, O. (2017, November 06). Tim Berners-Lee on the future of the web: 'The system is failing'. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/nov/15/tim-berners-lee-world-wide-web-net-neutrality
  • Third Visit to Vanuatu. (2017, October 06) Retrieved from https://servalpaul.blogspot.com/2017/10/third-visit-to-vanuatu.html
  • Thrift, N. (1993). For a new regional geography 3. Progress in Human Geography, 17(1), 92–100. doi: 10.1177/030913259301700107
  • ———. (1996). Spatial formations. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
  • Turkle, S. (2011). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. New York: Basic Books.
  • Virilio, P. (1997). Open Sky. London: Verso.
  • Wajcman, J. (2015). Pressed for time: The acceleration of life in digital capitalism. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Webster, F. (1995). Network society: Manuel Castells. In Theories of the Information Society. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Xu X., Mao Z.M. and Halderman J.A. (2011). Internet censorship in China: Where does the filtering occur? In Spring N., Riley G.F. (Eds.), Passive and active measurement (PAM 2011). Lecture notes in Computer Science, Vol 6579. Berlin: Springer.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Araştırma Makaleler
Authors

Daniele SAVASTA 0000-0003-0373-3464

Publication Date July 24, 2020
Submission Date May 3, 2020
Acceptance Date June 27, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020 Issue: 24

Cite

APA SAVASTA, D. (2020). Device Boundaries: An Ecological Network Paradox. Yedi(24), 113-126.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.