Year 2019, Volume 26 , Issue 3, Pages 955 - 968 2019-12-25

Kültürel Zekanın Girişimcilik Yönelimine Etkisi: Laleli Pazarındaki Mikro Ölçekli İşletmelerde Bir Araştırma
The Effect Of Cultural Intellıgence On Entrepreneurshıp Orıentatıon: A Fıeld Study Of Mıcro Enterprıses In Istanbul Lalelı Market

Ümmügülsüm Koyuncu [1] , Buket AKDÖL [2]


Rekabetin hızla arttığı günümüz iş dünyasında, işletmelerin uluslararası düzeyde faaliyet gösterme zorunluluğu artmaktadır. Söz konusu faaliyetler esnasında, uluslararası alanda farklı kültürel özelliklere sahip bireylerin etkileşimi ile iletişim sorunları ortaya çıkabilmektedir. Bu sorunun aşılmasında kültürel zeka etkili bir faktör olarak son dönemde yönetim bilimcilerin ilgisini çekmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, kültürel zekanın girişimcilik yönelimine etkisini belirlemektir. Bu amaçla Laleli pazarındaki mikro ölçekli işletmelerden anket yöntemi ile veri toplanmıştır. Anket formunda kültürel zeka ölçeği (Ang, Van Dyne, Koh, Ng, Templer, Tay ve Chandrasekar 2007) ile girişimcilik yönelimi ölçeği (Bouncken vd., 2014; Chen vd., 2015; Hughes ve Morgan, 2007) değerlendirme aracı olarak kullanılmıştır ve hipotezler Smart-PLS 2.0 ile test edilmiştir. Araştırma bulgularına göre, üstbilişsel, motivasyonel ve davranışsal kültürel zekanın girişimcilik yöneliminin risk alma, yenilikçilik ve proaktiflik boyutlarından bazıları ile arasında anlamlı bir ilişki olduğu ortaya konmuştur.

Anahtar Kelimeler:Kültürel Zeka, Girişimcilik Yönelimi, Mikro Ölçekli İşletmeler, Türkiye

            JEL Sınıflandırması: M10, L26

In a highly competitive environment businesses interact stakeholders who come from different cultures. The interaction of individuals from different cultures can cause communication problems. In terms of overcoming communication problems caused by cultural differences, cultural intelligence is a developing field of study for management scientists. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of cultural intelligence on entrepreneurship orientation. In order to test the main hypotheses data were collected from micro scale enterprises in Laleli market by questionnaire method. Cultural intelligence scale (Ang, Van Dyne, Koh, Ng, Templer, Tay ve Chandrasekar 2007) and entreprenurial orientation scale (Bouncken vd., 2014; Chen vd., 2015; Hughes ve Morgan, 2007) were used as assesment tools of the questionaire. Hypotheses tested with Smart-PLS 2.0 programme. Tests results show that metacognitive, motivational and behavioral cultural intelligence has a significant effect on some of the dimensions of entrepreneurial orientation such as risk taking, innovation and proactivity.

Key Words: Cultural Intelligence, Entrepreneursip Orientation, Micro Enterprises, Turkey

JEL Classification: M10, L26

kültürel zeka, girişimcilik yönelimi, mikro ölçekli işletmeler, türkiye
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Humanities, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Ümmügülsüm Koyuncu (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Author: Buket AKDÖL
Institution: İstanbul Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 25, 2019

APA Koyuncu, Ü , AKDÖL, B . (2019). Kültürel Zekanın Girişimcilik Yönelimine Etkisi: Laleli Pazarındaki Mikro Ölçekli İşletmelerde Bir Araştırma. Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 26 (3) , 955-968 . DOI: 10.18657/yonveek.458977