Year 2020, Volume 27 , Issue 2, Pages 189 - 198 2020-08-24

Effect Of Expanding Anti-Tobacco Regulations On The Likelihood Of Being A Smoker
Tütün Yasağının Genişletilmesinin Sigara Kullanma Olasılığı Üzerine Etkileri

Abdullah TİRGİL [1]


Governments across the world have been fighting against tobacco use by introducing a series of anti-tobacco measures to eliminate tobacco-related diseases. After ratifying the first global public health treaty by the World Health Organization in 2005, Turkey urgently implemented a series of anti-smoking policies to address the tobacco epidemic.
We utilized data from the Global Adult Tobacco Surveys 2008 and 2012 for Turkey and implemented a Linear Probability Model to estimate the effect of introducing anti-smoking policies to provide new evidence on reducing smoking.
Two significant anti-tobacco policies undertaken between 2009 and 2010 had a significant negative impact on the likelihood of being a current smoker. The new policies helped reduce the probability of being smokers for both females and males, but the effect was more substantial for male adults. Education has distinct effects on females and males such that with more education, female adults are more likely to smoke while the opposite is true for male adults.
Policymakers should consider these findings to address tobacco consumption and announce multiple policies taking gender differences into account to stop the smoking epidemic.
Key Words: Cigarette consumption, Anti-tobacco regulation, gender, smoking behavior
JEL Classification: I12, I18, J16 
Dünya genelinde hükümetler tütün ile ilişkili hast alıkları ortadan kaldırmak için tütün kullanımına karşı bir dizi önlemler alarak mücadele etmektedirler. Türkiye, Dünya Sağlık Örgütü’nün ilk global umumi sağlık antlaşmasını imzaladıktan sonra tütün salgın hastalığına karşı acilen bir dizi karşıt politikayı hayata geçirmiştir.
Sigara tüketiminin azaltılması bağlamında yeni bir kanıt sunmak adına Türkiye için yapılan Küresel Yetişkin Tütün Anketleri 2008 ve 2012 verisetlerine Lineer Olasılık Modellerini uygulayarak tütün karşıtı politikanın etkilerini inceledik.
2009 ve 2010 yılları arasında uygulamaya konulan tütün karşıtı iki önemli politikanın sigara kullanıcısı olma olasılığı üzerinde istatistiksel olarak anlamlı ve negatif bir etkisi görülmektedir. Konuya cinsiyet perspektifinden yaklaştığımızda; bu politika her iki cinsiyetin de sigara kullanıcıları olma olasılıklarını düşürmektedir fakat bu etki yetişkin erkekler için daha fazladır. Eğitimin kadın ve erkek üzerindeki etkisi farklılaşmakta; eğitimli kadınların sigara içme olasılıkları daha yüksek iken yetişkin erkekler için bu durum tam tersidir.
Politika yapıcılar tütün tüketimine önlem almak ve sigara salgınını durdurmak için bu çalışmanın sonuçlarını dikkatle incelemeli ve cinsiyet farklılıklarını dikkate alan bir takım politikalar geliştirmelidirler.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Humanities, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4491-4459
Author: Abdullah TİRGİL (Primary Author)
Institution: ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 24, 2020

APA Ti̇rgi̇l, A . (2020). Tütün Yasağının Genişletilmesinin Sigara Kullanma Olasılığı Üzerine Etkileri . Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 27 (2) , 189-198 . DOI: 10.18657/yonveek.603273