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Effects of Different Vermicompost and Soil Moisture Levels on Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Grown and Some Soil Properties

Year 2017, Volume 27, Issue 1, 30 - 36, 31.03.2017
https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.284217

Abstract

Pot capacity (PC) is defined as optimum moisture level of the pot-soil for irrigation in greenhouse experiments, is not same field capacity (FC) defined for field conditions. In this study, vermicompost was applied to different levels (0%, 0.75%, 1.5%, 2.25% w/w) for a sandy loam soil. Pepper was grown in greenhouse conditions. The irrigations were carried out at the levels of 80% PC and FC. Yield and some yield components were determined after 70 days from sowing. Effects of vermicompost were also, investigated on soil field capacity, wilting point and dispersion ratio. The differences found for plant height, weight, root weight, yield, leaf chlorophyll content were statistically significant. In addition, vermicompost applications provided to reduction of dispersion ratio. 

References

  • Abadi ZA, Sepanlous G, Alashti R (2012). Effect of Vermicompost on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
  • Abou El-khair RA, El-Mohtasem Bella MO, Mohamed MM, Sheta MH (2014). Potassium Status and Some Chemical Properties in Calcareous Soil As Affected by Farmyard Manure, Moisture Content and Irrigation Water Salinity. Nature and Science. 12:11.
  • Acar B, Paksoy M, Türkmen Ö, Seymen M (2008). Irrigation and nitrogen level affect lettuce yield in greenhouse condition. African Journal of Biotechnology.7: 4450-4453.
  • Aksakal EL, Sari S, Angin İ (2015). Effects of Vermıcompost Applıcatıon on Soıl Aggregatıon and Certaın Physıcal Propertıes. land degradation & development. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2350.
  • Alpaslan M, Güneş A, İnal A (2005). Deneme Tekniği. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları. 1543:496.
  • Atiyeh RM, Subler S, Edwards CA, Bachman G, Metzger J D, Shuster W (2000). Effects of Vermicomposts and Composts on Plant Growth in Horticultural Container Media and Soil. Pedo biologia. 44:579–590.
  • Azarmi R, Giglou MT, Taleshmikail RD (2008). Influence of vermicompost on soil chemical and physical properties in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) field. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7:2397-2401.
  • Çıtak S, Sönmez S, Koçak F, Yaşin S (2011). Vermikompost ve Ahır Gübresi Uygulamalarının Ispanak (Spinacia oleracea var. L.) Bitkisinin Gelişimi ve Toprak Verimliliği Üzerine Etkileri. Batı Akdeniz Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Derim Dergisi. 28:56-69.
  • Dağdelen N, Sezgi F, Gürbüz T, Yılmaz E, Akçay S (2009). Farklı Sulama Aralığı ve Sulama Düzeylerinin Pamukta Bazı Verim ÖZellikleri ve Lif Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi. ADÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 6:53 – 61.
  • Demiralay İ (1993). Toprak Fiziksel Analizleri. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları:143 Erzurum.
  • Demirtaş C, Ayas S (2009). Deficit irrigation effects on pepper (Capsicum annuum L. Demre ) yield in unheated greenhouse condition. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. 7: 989 - 993.
  • Ezzo MI, Glala AA, Habi HAM, Helaly AA (2010). Response of Sweet Pepper Grown in Sandy and Clay Soil Lysimeters to Water Regimes. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 8:18-26.
  • Fernando TN, Aruggoda AGB, Disanayaka CK, Kulathunge S (2013). Effect of Super Water Absorbent Polymer and Watering Capacity on Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Journal of Engineering and Technology of the Open University of Sri Lanka (JET-OUSL). 1:2.
  • Ghahfarokhia MG, Mansurifara S, Taghizadeh-Mehrjardib R, Saeidia M, Jamshidic AM, Ghasemi E (2015). Effects of drought stress and rewatering on antioxidant systems and relative water content in different growth stages of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 61: 493–506.
  • Gülser C (2006). Effect of forage cropping treatments on soil structure and relationships with fractal dimensions. Geoderma.131: 33–44.
  • IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2014). (cited 2016 sept 10) Available from: https://www.ipcc.ch/ pdf/ assessmentreport/ar5/ syr/AR5_SYR_ FINAL_ SPM.pdf.
  • Kacar B (2009). Toprak Analizleri. Nobel Yayın Evi. 468. Ankara.
  • Karahan G, Erşahin S, Öztürk HS (2014). Toprak Koşullarına Bağlı Olarak Tarla Kapasitesi Dinamiği. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG). 31: 1-11.
  • Karasu A, Kuşcu H, Öz M, Bayram G (2015). The Effect of Different Irrigation Water Levels on Grain Yield, Yield Components and Some Quality Parameters of Silage Maize (Zea mays indentata Sturt.) in Marmara Region of Turkey. Not Bot Horti Agrobo. 43:138-145.
  • Kırnak H, Demirtaş NM (2002). Su Stresi Altındaki Kiraz Fidanlarında Fizyolojik ve Morfolojik Değişimlerin Belirlenmesi. Atatürk Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Derg. 33: 265-270.
  • Kırnak H, Kaya C, Değirmenci V (2002). Growth and Yield Parameters of Bell Peppers With Surface and Subsurface Drip Irrigation Systems Under Different Irrigation Levels. Atatürk Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Derg. 33: 383-389.
  • Kirkham MB (2005). Principles of soil and plant water relations. Boston: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Kizilkaya R, Hepsen Turkay FS, Turkmen C, Durmus M (2012). Vermicompost effects on wheat yield and nutrient contents in soil and plant. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 58: 175–179.
  • Küçükyumuk Z, Gültekin M, Erdal İ (2014). Vermikompost ve Mikorizanın Biber Bitkisinin Gelisimi ile Mineral Beslenmesi Üzerine Etkisi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 9:51-58.
  • Luján-Hidalgo MC, Gómez-Hernández DE, Villalobos-Maldonado JJ, Abud-Archila M, Montes-Molina JA, Enciso-Saenz S, Ruiz-Valdiviezo VM, Gutiérrez-Miceli FA (2016). Effects of Vermicompost and Vermiwash on of Mexican Pepperleaf (Piper auritum Kunth)Plant, Phenolic Content, and Anti-oxidant Activity Cultivated in Phosphate Rock Potting Media. Compost Science & Utilization. DOI: 10.1080/1065657X.2016.1202796.
  • Mirabad AA, Lotfi M, Roozban MR (2013). Impact of Water-Deficit Stress on Growth, Yield and Sugar Content of Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 6-10: 605-609.
  • Mostafazadeh-Fard B, Heidarpour M, Aghakhani A, Feizi M (2008). Effects of leaching on soil desalinization for wheat cropin an arid region. Plant Soıl Envıron. 54: 20–29.
  • Najar IA, Khan AB, Hai A (2015). Effect of macrophyte vermicompost on growth and productivity of brinjal (Solanum melongena) under field conditions. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult. 4:73–83.
  • Narkhede SD, Attarde SB, Ingle ST (2011). Study on Effect of Chemıcal Fertılızer and Vermıcompost on Growth of Chıllı Pepper Plant (Capsıcum Annum). Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation. 6: 327.
  • Ngouajio M, Wang G, Goldy RG (2008). Timing of Drip Irrigation Initiation Affects Irrigation Water Use Efficiency and Yield of Bell Pepper under Plastic Mulch. Hortechnology. 18: 397-402.
  • Rahbarian P, Sardoei AS (2014). Effects of Drought Stress and Manure on Plant Growth Promotıng Stabılıty İn Dragonhead (Dracocephalum Moldavıca). International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 4: 324-329.
  • Sezen SM, Yazar A, Eker S (2007). Effect of Drıp Irrıgatıon Regımes on Yıeld and Qualıty of Fıeld Grown Bell Pepper. Option s Méditerran éen n es:Série B. Etu des et Rech erch es; n . 56.
  • U.S Salinity Laboratory Staff (1954). Diagnosis and Improvement of Salina and Alkali Soils. Agricultural Handbook: 60. U.S.D.A.
  • Ünlükara A, Kurunc A, Kesmez G, Yurtseven E, Suarez DL (2010). Effects of Salinity on Eggplant (Solanum Melongena L.) Growth and Evapotranspıratıon. Irrıgatıon and Draınage. 59: 203–214.
  • Yıldırım M, Bahar E, Demirel K (2015). Farklı Sulama Suyu Seviyelerinin Serada Yetiştirilen Kıvırcık Marulun (Lactuca sativa var. campania) Verimi ve Gelişimi Üzerine Etkileri. COMU J. Agric. Fac.3: 29–34.

Farklı Düzeylerde Vermikompost ve Sulama Uygulamalarının Bazı Toprak Özellikleri ve Biber (Capsicum annuum) Gelişimi Üzerine Etkileri

Year 2017, Volume 27, Issue 1, 30 - 36, 31.03.2017
https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.284217

Abstract

Sera denemelerinde sulamaya ilişkin optimum nem düzeyi olarak yapılan saksı kapasitesi tanımlaması, normal arazi koşullarındaki tarla kapasitesinin tam karşılığı değildir. Vermikompostun farklı düzeylerinin %0, %0.75, %1.5, %2.25 (w/w) uygulanmış olduğu kumlu tın bir toprak kullanılarak gerçekleştirilen sera çalışmasında; tarla kapasitesi ve saksı kapasitesinin yaklaşık %80’i düzeylerindeki günlük sulama koşulları altında biber (Capsicum annuum) yetiştirilmiştir. Biber fidelerinin dikiminden 70 gün sonrası verim ve bazı verim bileşenleri ile yaprak klorofil (SPAD) içeriği belirlenmiş, ayrıca vermikompostun toprağın tarla kapasitesi, solma noktası ve dispersiyon oranı üzerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Biber bitki boyu, toprak üstü yaş ağırlığı, kök yaş ağırlığı ve verim ile yaprak klorofil içeriğinde sulama düzeylerinin neden olduğu farklılıkların istatistiksel olarak önemli olduğu ve vermikompost uygulamalarının dispersiyon oranlarının azalmasını sağladığı bulunmuştur.  

References

  • Abadi ZA, Sepanlous G, Alashti R (2012). Effect of Vermicompost on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources.
  • Abou El-khair RA, El-Mohtasem Bella MO, Mohamed MM, Sheta MH (2014). Potassium Status and Some Chemical Properties in Calcareous Soil As Affected by Farmyard Manure, Moisture Content and Irrigation Water Salinity. Nature and Science. 12:11.
  • Acar B, Paksoy M, Türkmen Ö, Seymen M (2008). Irrigation and nitrogen level affect lettuce yield in greenhouse condition. African Journal of Biotechnology.7: 4450-4453.
  • Aksakal EL, Sari S, Angin İ (2015). Effects of Vermıcompost Applıcatıon on Soıl Aggregatıon and Certaın Physıcal Propertıes. land degradation & development. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2350.
  • Alpaslan M, Güneş A, İnal A (2005). Deneme Tekniği. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları. 1543:496.
  • Atiyeh RM, Subler S, Edwards CA, Bachman G, Metzger J D, Shuster W (2000). Effects of Vermicomposts and Composts on Plant Growth in Horticultural Container Media and Soil. Pedo biologia. 44:579–590.
  • Azarmi R, Giglou MT, Taleshmikail RD (2008). Influence of vermicompost on soil chemical and physical properties in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) field. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7:2397-2401.
  • Çıtak S, Sönmez S, Koçak F, Yaşin S (2011). Vermikompost ve Ahır Gübresi Uygulamalarının Ispanak (Spinacia oleracea var. L.) Bitkisinin Gelişimi ve Toprak Verimliliği Üzerine Etkileri. Batı Akdeniz Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Derim Dergisi. 28:56-69.
  • Dağdelen N, Sezgi F, Gürbüz T, Yılmaz E, Akçay S (2009). Farklı Sulama Aralığı ve Sulama Düzeylerinin Pamukta Bazı Verim ÖZellikleri ve Lif Kalitesi Üzerine Etkisi. ADÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 6:53 – 61.
  • Demiralay İ (1993). Toprak Fiziksel Analizleri. Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları:143 Erzurum.
  • Demirtaş C, Ayas S (2009). Deficit irrigation effects on pepper (Capsicum annuum L. Demre ) yield in unheated greenhouse condition. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. 7: 989 - 993.
  • Ezzo MI, Glala AA, Habi HAM, Helaly AA (2010). Response of Sweet Pepper Grown in Sandy and Clay Soil Lysimeters to Water Regimes. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci. 8:18-26.
  • Fernando TN, Aruggoda AGB, Disanayaka CK, Kulathunge S (2013). Effect of Super Water Absorbent Polymer and Watering Capacity on Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Journal of Engineering and Technology of the Open University of Sri Lanka (JET-OUSL). 1:2.
  • Ghahfarokhia MG, Mansurifara S, Taghizadeh-Mehrjardib R, Saeidia M, Jamshidic AM, Ghasemi E (2015). Effects of drought stress and rewatering on antioxidant systems and relative water content in different growth stages of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 61: 493–506.
  • Gülser C (2006). Effect of forage cropping treatments on soil structure and relationships with fractal dimensions. Geoderma.131: 33–44.
  • IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2014). (cited 2016 sept 10) Available from: https://www.ipcc.ch/ pdf/ assessmentreport/ar5/ syr/AR5_SYR_ FINAL_ SPM.pdf.
  • Kacar B (2009). Toprak Analizleri. Nobel Yayın Evi. 468. Ankara.
  • Karahan G, Erşahin S, Öztürk HS (2014). Toprak Koşullarına Bağlı Olarak Tarla Kapasitesi Dinamiği. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Gaziosmanpasa University (JAFAG). 31: 1-11.
  • Karasu A, Kuşcu H, Öz M, Bayram G (2015). The Effect of Different Irrigation Water Levels on Grain Yield, Yield Components and Some Quality Parameters of Silage Maize (Zea mays indentata Sturt.) in Marmara Region of Turkey. Not Bot Horti Agrobo. 43:138-145.
  • Kırnak H, Demirtaş NM (2002). Su Stresi Altındaki Kiraz Fidanlarında Fizyolojik ve Morfolojik Değişimlerin Belirlenmesi. Atatürk Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Derg. 33: 265-270.
  • Kırnak H, Kaya C, Değirmenci V (2002). Growth and Yield Parameters of Bell Peppers With Surface and Subsurface Drip Irrigation Systems Under Different Irrigation Levels. Atatürk Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Derg. 33: 383-389.
  • Kirkham MB (2005). Principles of soil and plant water relations. Boston: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • Kizilkaya R, Hepsen Turkay FS, Turkmen C, Durmus M (2012). Vermicompost effects on wheat yield and nutrient contents in soil and plant. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 58: 175–179.
  • Küçükyumuk Z, Gültekin M, Erdal İ (2014). Vermikompost ve Mikorizanın Biber Bitkisinin Gelisimi ile Mineral Beslenmesi Üzerine Etkisi. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 9:51-58.
  • Luján-Hidalgo MC, Gómez-Hernández DE, Villalobos-Maldonado JJ, Abud-Archila M, Montes-Molina JA, Enciso-Saenz S, Ruiz-Valdiviezo VM, Gutiérrez-Miceli FA (2016). Effects of Vermicompost and Vermiwash on of Mexican Pepperleaf (Piper auritum Kunth)Plant, Phenolic Content, and Anti-oxidant Activity Cultivated in Phosphate Rock Potting Media. Compost Science & Utilization. DOI: 10.1080/1065657X.2016.1202796.
  • Mirabad AA, Lotfi M, Roozban MR (2013). Impact of Water-Deficit Stress on Growth, Yield and Sugar Content of Cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 6-10: 605-609.
  • Mostafazadeh-Fard B, Heidarpour M, Aghakhani A, Feizi M (2008). Effects of leaching on soil desalinization for wheat cropin an arid region. Plant Soıl Envıron. 54: 20–29.
  • Najar IA, Khan AB, Hai A (2015). Effect of macrophyte vermicompost on growth and productivity of brinjal (Solanum melongena) under field conditions. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult. 4:73–83.
  • Narkhede SD, Attarde SB, Ingle ST (2011). Study on Effect of Chemıcal Fertılızer and Vermıcompost on Growth of Chıllı Pepper Plant (Capsıcum Annum). Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation. 6: 327.
  • Ngouajio M, Wang G, Goldy RG (2008). Timing of Drip Irrigation Initiation Affects Irrigation Water Use Efficiency and Yield of Bell Pepper under Plastic Mulch. Hortechnology. 18: 397-402.
  • Rahbarian P, Sardoei AS (2014). Effects of Drought Stress and Manure on Plant Growth Promotıng Stabılıty İn Dragonhead (Dracocephalum Moldavıca). International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences. 4: 324-329.
  • Sezen SM, Yazar A, Eker S (2007). Effect of Drıp Irrıgatıon Regımes on Yıeld and Qualıty of Fıeld Grown Bell Pepper. Option s Méditerran éen n es:Série B. Etu des et Rech erch es; n . 56.
  • U.S Salinity Laboratory Staff (1954). Diagnosis and Improvement of Salina and Alkali Soils. Agricultural Handbook: 60. U.S.D.A.
  • Ünlükara A, Kurunc A, Kesmez G, Yurtseven E, Suarez DL (2010). Effects of Salinity on Eggplant (Solanum Melongena L.) Growth and Evapotranspıratıon. Irrıgatıon and Draınage. 59: 203–214.
  • Yıldırım M, Bahar E, Demirel K (2015). Farklı Sulama Suyu Seviyelerinin Serada Yetiştirilen Kıvırcık Marulun (Lactuca sativa var. campania) Verimi ve Gelişimi Üzerine Etkileri. COMU J. Agric. Fac.3: 29–34.

Details

Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Pelin ALABOZ>
Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü, Isparta
0000-0001-7345-938X
Türkiye


Ahmet Ali IŞILDAR>
Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü, Isparta
Türkiye


Metin MÜJDECİ>
Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü, Isparta
Türkiye


Hüseyin ŞENOL>
Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Toprak Bilimi ve Bitki Besleme Bölümü, Isparta
Türkiye

Publication Date March 31, 2017
Published in Issue Year 2017, Volume 27, Issue 1

Cite

APA Alaboz, P. , Işıldar, A. A. , Müjdeci, M. & Şenol, H. (2017). Effects of Different Vermicompost and Soil Moisture Levels on Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Grown and Some Soil Properties . Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 27 (1) , 30-36 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.284217
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Yuzuncu Yil University Journal of Agricultural Sciences by Van Yuzuncu Yil University Faculty of Agriculture is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.