Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

The Effects of Farmyard Manure and Green Manure Applications on Some Soil Physical Properties

Year 2020, Volume 30, Issue 1, 9 - 17, 31.03.2020
https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.628921

Abstract

In this research was carried out to determine the effects of farmyard manure and green manure applications on some physical soil properties in an organic vegetable cultivation field. The effects of control (C), farmyard manure (FYM) (35 t ha-1) and green manure (GM) applications on some soil physical properties (Soil water characteristics (0.001, 0.1, 0.33, 1, 5, 10 and 15 bar), available water capacity, porosity and bulk density) were investigated for soil depths of 0-10 and 10-20 cm and for two years. In the study at all tension values, the highest volumetric soil water content was obtained for FYM application and the lowest volumetric soil water content for C application. The highest total porosity with macro and micro porosity were found in the FYM application and the lowest total porosity with macro and micro porosity were found in the application C. The available water capacity was the highest in the GM application and the lowest in the C application. In addition, the highest bulk density was found in C application and the lowest bulk density was found in FYM application. These results showed that the effects of different organic material applications on soil physical properties are important.

References

  • Abdelbaki, A. M. (2018). Evaluation of Pedotransfer functions for predicting soil bulk density for US soils. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 9, 1611-1619. doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2016.12.002
  • Alaboz, P., Coskan, A., & Işıldar, A. A. (2017). Effect of saw-dust biochar on some soil moisture constants. Fresenius Environmentel Bulletin, 26(6), 4033-4038.
  • Alagöz, Z., Yılmaz, E., & Öktüren, F. (2006). Effects of Organic material addition on some physical and chemical properties of soils. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(2), 245-254.
  • Altıkat, S., Küçükerdem, H. K., & Altıkat, A. (2018). Effects of wheel traffic and farmyard manure applications on soil CO2 emission and soil oxygen content. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 42, 288-297. doi:10.3906/tar-1709-79
  • Barzegar, A. R., Yousefi, A., & Daryashenas, A. (2002). The effect of addition of different amounts and types of organic materials on soil physical properties and yield of wheat. Plant and Soil, 247, 295-301.
  • Bellitürk, K. (2011). Determination of nutrient status of agricultural soils in uzunkopru county of edirne province. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(3), 8-15.
  • Blake, G. R., & Hartge, K. H. (1986). Physical and Mineralogical Methods. In: A. Klute (Ed), Methods of Soil Analysis (pp. 363-375) Part 1 Agr. Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA Madison WI.
  • Dahnke, W. C., & Whitney, D. A. (1988). Measurement of Soil Salinity. p. 32-34. In Recommended Soil Chemical Test Procedures for the North Central Region. NCR Publ. 221. Revised. North Dakota Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 499. Fargo, ND.
  • Demiralay, İ. (1993). Toprak Fiziksel Analizleri. Erzurum:Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları.
  • Diallo, D., & Mariko, A., (2013). Field capacity (FC) and permanent wilty point (PWP) of clay soils developed on quaternary alluvium in nigerriver loop (Mali). International Journal of Engineering Science, 3, 1085-1089.
  • Eyüpoğlu, F. (1999). Türkiye Topraklarının Verimlilik Durumu. Ankara : Başbakanlık Köy Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü Toprak Ve Gübre Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Yayınları.
  • Gulser, C., & Candemir, F. (2012). Changes in penetration resistance of a clay field with organic waste applications. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 1, 16–21.
  • Haynes, R. J., & Naidu, R. (1998). Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: A review Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 51, 123–137.
  • Kacar, B. (2009). Toprak Analizleri. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.
  • Karahan, G., Erşahin, S., & Öztürk, H. S. (2014). Field capacity dynamics affected by soil properties. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 30(1), 1-9.
  • Karaman, M. R., Brohi, A. R., Müftüoğlu, N. M., Öztaş, T., & Zengin, M. (2007). Sürdürülebilir Toprak Verimliliği. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
  • Moraes, M. T., Debiasi, H., Carlesso, R., Franchini, J. C., da Silva, V. R., & da Luz, F. B. (2016). Soil physical quality on tillage and cropping systems after two decades in the subtropical region of Brazil. Soil & Tillage Research, 155, 351–362. doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2015.07.015
  • Mujdeci, M., Isildar, A. A., Uygur, V., Alaboz, P., Unlu, H., & Senol, H. (2017b). Cooperative effects of field traffic and organic matter treatments on some compaction-related soil properties. Solid Earth, 8, 189–198. doi.org/10.5194/se-8-189-2017
  • Mujdeci, M., Simsek, S., & Uygur, V. (2017a). The effects of organic amendments on soil water retention characteristics under conventional tillage system. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(6), 4075-4081.
  • Mujdeci, M., & Uzumcu, E. (2017). The effects of farmyard manure and greenmanure applications on soil aggregation. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(5), 3692-3696.
  • Nyamangara, J., Gotosa, J., & Mpofu, S. E. (2001). Cattle manure effects on structural stability and water retention capacity of a granitic sandy soil in zimbabwe. Soil & Tillage Research, 62, 157-162. doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(01)00215-X.
  • Özbek, H., Kaya, Z., Gök, M., & Kaptan, H. (1995). Toprak Bilimi. Adana: Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Genel Yayınları.
  • Pires, L. F., Borgesa, J. A. R., Rosab, J. A., Cooperc, M., Heckd, R. J., Passonia, S., & Roquee, W. L. (2017). Soil structure changes induced by tillage systems. Soil & Tillage Research, 165, 66–79. doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.07.010.
  • Rowell, D. L. (1996). Soil Science, Methods and Applications. U.K: University of Reading, British Library Catalogue in Publication data.
  • Sandin, M., Koestel, J., Jarvis, N., & Larsbo, M. (2017). Post-tillage evolution of structural pore space and saturated and near-saturated hydraulic conductivity in a clay loam soil. Soil & Tillage Research, 165, 161–168. doi.org/10.1016/j.still. 2016.08.004.
  • Shi, Y., Lalande, R., Hamel, C., Ziadi, N., Gagnon, B., & Hu, Z. (2013). Seasonal variation of microbial biomass, activity, and community structure in soil under different tillage and phosphorus management practices. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 49, 803–818.
  • Tadesse, T., Dechassa, N., Bayu, W.,& Gebeyehu, S. (2013). Effects of farmyard manure and inorganic fertilizer application on soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient balance in rain-fed lowland rice ecosystem. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 309-316. doi:10.4236/ajps.2013.42041.
  • Tsadilas, C. D., Mitsios, I. K., & Golia, E. (2005). Influence of biosolids application on some soil physical properties. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 36, 709–716. doi.org/10.1081/CSS-200043350
  • Turan, M. A., Katkat, A.V., Özsoy, G., & Taban, S. (2010). Determination of fertility condition and potential nutrition problems of aluvial agriculture soils in Bursa region. Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(1), 115-130.
  • Tümsavaş, Z. (2003). Determination of the fertility levels of the soils of vertisol great soil group by soil analysis in bursa province. Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 17(2), 9-21.
  • US Salinitiy Laboratory Staff. (1954). Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkaline Soils. Washington: Agricultural Handbook No: 60.
  • Xu, X., & Zhang, J. (2004). Effect of sown grass and organism mulching on orchard soil fertility. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University, 22(1), 88–91.
  • Yeşilsoy, M. Ş. & Aydın, M. (1993). Toprak Fiziği. Adana: Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Ders Kitabı: 124.
  • Yılmaz, E., & Alagöz, Z. (2008). Organik Madde Toprak Suyu İlişkisi. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi, 1(2), 15-21.

Çiftlik Gübresi ve Yeşil Gübre Uygulamalarının Bazı Toprak Fiziksel Özelliklerine Etkileri

Year 2020, Volume 30, Issue 1, 9 - 17, 31.03.2020
https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.628921

Abstract

Bu araştırma, organik sebze yetiştiriciliği yapılan bir arazide çiftlik gübresi ve yeşil gübre uygulamalarının bazı fiziksel toprak özellikleri üzerine etkilerini belirlemek üzere yürütülmüştür. Kontrol (K), çiftlik gübresi (ÇG) (35 ton/ha) ve yeşil gübre (YG) uygulamalarının 0-10 ve 10-20 cm toprak derinlikleri için bazı toprak fiziksel özellikleri (Toprak su karakteristikleri (0.001, 0.1, 0.33, 1, 5, 10 ve 15 bar), yarayışlı su kapasitesi, gözeneklilik ve hacim ağırlığı) üzerine etkileri 2 yıl süresince araştırılmıştır. Araştırmada tüm tansiyon değerlerindeki, en yüksek hacimsel toprak su içeriği ÇG uygulamasında, en düşük hacimsel toprak su içeriği ise K uygulamasında elde edilmiştir. En yüksek toplam gözeneklilik ile makro ve mikro gözenek hacmi ÇG uygulamasında, en düşük toplam gözeneklilik ile makro ve mikro gözenek hacmi ise K uygulamasında bulunmuştur. Yarayışlı su kapasitesi ise en yüksek YG uygulamasında en düşük ise K uygulamasında elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca en yüksek hacim ağırlığı K uygulamasında, en düşük hacim ağırlığı ise ÇG uygulamasında bulunmuştur. Bu sonuçlar, farklı organik materyal uygulamalarının toprak fiziksel özellikleri üzerine etkilerinin önemli olduğunu göstermiştir.

References

  • Abdelbaki, A. M. (2018). Evaluation of Pedotransfer functions for predicting soil bulk density for US soils. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 9, 1611-1619. doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2016.12.002
  • Alaboz, P., Coskan, A., & Işıldar, A. A. (2017). Effect of saw-dust biochar on some soil moisture constants. Fresenius Environmentel Bulletin, 26(6), 4033-4038.
  • Alagöz, Z., Yılmaz, E., & Öktüren, F. (2006). Effects of Organic material addition on some physical and chemical properties of soils. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 19(2), 245-254.
  • Altıkat, S., Küçükerdem, H. K., & Altıkat, A. (2018). Effects of wheel traffic and farmyard manure applications on soil CO2 emission and soil oxygen content. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 42, 288-297. doi:10.3906/tar-1709-79
  • Barzegar, A. R., Yousefi, A., & Daryashenas, A. (2002). The effect of addition of different amounts and types of organic materials on soil physical properties and yield of wheat. Plant and Soil, 247, 295-301.
  • Bellitürk, K. (2011). Determination of nutrient status of agricultural soils in uzunkopru county of edirne province. Tekirdağ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(3), 8-15.
  • Blake, G. R., & Hartge, K. H. (1986). Physical and Mineralogical Methods. In: A. Klute (Ed), Methods of Soil Analysis (pp. 363-375) Part 1 Agr. Monogr. 9. ASA and SSSA Madison WI.
  • Dahnke, W. C., & Whitney, D. A. (1988). Measurement of Soil Salinity. p. 32-34. In Recommended Soil Chemical Test Procedures for the North Central Region. NCR Publ. 221. Revised. North Dakota Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 499. Fargo, ND.
  • Demiralay, İ. (1993). Toprak Fiziksel Analizleri. Erzurum:Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları.
  • Diallo, D., & Mariko, A., (2013). Field capacity (FC) and permanent wilty point (PWP) of clay soils developed on quaternary alluvium in nigerriver loop (Mali). International Journal of Engineering Science, 3, 1085-1089.
  • Eyüpoğlu, F. (1999). Türkiye Topraklarının Verimlilik Durumu. Ankara : Başbakanlık Köy Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü Toprak Ve Gübre Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Yayınları.
  • Gulser, C., & Candemir, F. (2012). Changes in penetration resistance of a clay field with organic waste applications. Eurasian Journal of Soil Science, 1, 16–21.
  • Haynes, R. J., & Naidu, R. (1998). Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: A review Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 51, 123–137.
  • Kacar, B. (2009). Toprak Analizleri. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.
  • Karahan, G., Erşahin, S., & Öztürk, H. S. (2014). Field capacity dynamics affected by soil properties. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 30(1), 1-9.
  • Karaman, M. R., Brohi, A. R., Müftüoğlu, N. M., Öztaş, T., & Zengin, M. (2007). Sürdürülebilir Toprak Verimliliği. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
  • Moraes, M. T., Debiasi, H., Carlesso, R., Franchini, J. C., da Silva, V. R., & da Luz, F. B. (2016). Soil physical quality on tillage and cropping systems after two decades in the subtropical region of Brazil. Soil & Tillage Research, 155, 351–362. doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2015.07.015
  • Mujdeci, M., Isildar, A. A., Uygur, V., Alaboz, P., Unlu, H., & Senol, H. (2017b). Cooperative effects of field traffic and organic matter treatments on some compaction-related soil properties. Solid Earth, 8, 189–198. doi.org/10.5194/se-8-189-2017
  • Mujdeci, M., Simsek, S., & Uygur, V. (2017a). The effects of organic amendments on soil water retention characteristics under conventional tillage system. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(6), 4075-4081.
  • Mujdeci, M., & Uzumcu, E. (2017). The effects of farmyard manure and greenmanure applications on soil aggregation. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(5), 3692-3696.
  • Nyamangara, J., Gotosa, J., & Mpofu, S. E. (2001). Cattle manure effects on structural stability and water retention capacity of a granitic sandy soil in zimbabwe. Soil & Tillage Research, 62, 157-162. doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(01)00215-X.
  • Özbek, H., Kaya, Z., Gök, M., & Kaptan, H. (1995). Toprak Bilimi. Adana: Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Genel Yayınları.
  • Pires, L. F., Borgesa, J. A. R., Rosab, J. A., Cooperc, M., Heckd, R. J., Passonia, S., & Roquee, W. L. (2017). Soil structure changes induced by tillage systems. Soil & Tillage Research, 165, 66–79. doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.07.010.
  • Rowell, D. L. (1996). Soil Science, Methods and Applications. U.K: University of Reading, British Library Catalogue in Publication data.
  • Sandin, M., Koestel, J., Jarvis, N., & Larsbo, M. (2017). Post-tillage evolution of structural pore space and saturated and near-saturated hydraulic conductivity in a clay loam soil. Soil & Tillage Research, 165, 161–168. doi.org/10.1016/j.still. 2016.08.004.
  • Shi, Y., Lalande, R., Hamel, C., Ziadi, N., Gagnon, B., & Hu, Z. (2013). Seasonal variation of microbial biomass, activity, and community structure in soil under different tillage and phosphorus management practices. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 49, 803–818.
  • Tadesse, T., Dechassa, N., Bayu, W.,& Gebeyehu, S. (2013). Effects of farmyard manure and inorganic fertilizer application on soil physico-chemical properties and nutrient balance in rain-fed lowland rice ecosystem. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 309-316. doi:10.4236/ajps.2013.42041.
  • Tsadilas, C. D., Mitsios, I. K., & Golia, E. (2005). Influence of biosolids application on some soil physical properties. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 36, 709–716. doi.org/10.1081/CSS-200043350
  • Turan, M. A., Katkat, A.V., Özsoy, G., & Taban, S. (2010). Determination of fertility condition and potential nutrition problems of aluvial agriculture soils in Bursa region. Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 24(1), 115-130.
  • Tümsavaş, Z. (2003). Determination of the fertility levels of the soils of vertisol great soil group by soil analysis in bursa province. Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 17(2), 9-21.
  • US Salinitiy Laboratory Staff. (1954). Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkaline Soils. Washington: Agricultural Handbook No: 60.
  • Xu, X., & Zhang, J. (2004). Effect of sown grass and organism mulching on orchard soil fertility. Journal of Sichuan Agricultural University, 22(1), 88–91.
  • Yeşilsoy, M. Ş. & Aydın, M. (1993). Toprak Fiziği. Adana: Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Ders Kitabı: 124.
  • Yılmaz, E., & Alagöz, Z. (2008). Organik Madde Toprak Suyu İlişkisi. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi, 1(2), 15-21.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Soil Science
Published Date Mart 2020
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Metin MÜJDECİ This is me
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TARIM BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7345-938X
Andorra


Pelin ALABOZ> (Primary Author)
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TARIM BİLİMLERİ VE TEKNOLOJİLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7345-938X
Türkiye


Azra Cevahir DEMİRCİOĞLU This is me

0000-0001-7345-938X

Supporting Institution Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri koordinasyon Birimi
Project Number 3093-YL-12
Thanks 3093-YL-12’ nolu Proje ile tezimi maddi olarak destekleyen Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri koordinasyon Birimine teşekkürü bir borç bilirim.
Publication Date March 31, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 30, Issue 1

Cite

APA Müjdeci, M. , Alaboz, P. & Demircioğlu, A. C. (2020). The Effects of Farmyard Manure and Green Manure Applications on Some Soil Physical Properties . Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 30 (1) , 9-17 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.628921
Creative Commons License
Yuzuncu Yil University Journal of Agricultural Sciences by Van Yuzuncu Yil University Faculty of Agriculture is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.