Year 2020, Volume 30 , Issue 3, Pages 593 - 600 2020-09-30

Anadolu’daki Bal Arısı Biyoçeşitliliği Yok Olma Sürecinde mi?
Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?

Merve KAMBUR ACAR [1] , Meral KEKEÇOĞLU [2]


Bu araştırmada, Türkiye’nin 7 coğrafik bölgesini ve Türkiye’ de bulunduğu bildirilen tüm alt türleri temsil edecek şekilde örnekleme yapılmış ve geometrik morfometri yöntemi ile Türkiye bal arısı biyoçeşitliliğinin son durumu ortaya konmuştur. İşçi arıların sağ ön kanatları kullanılarak kanatlar üzerinde belirlenen on dokuz landmark Bs200Pro programıyla ölçülmüştür. Bireysel veriler esas alınarak yapılan diskriminant fonksiyon analiz sonuçlarına göre gerçek gruplara doğru sınıflandırma oranı % 54.1’dir. Marmara, Ege, Doğu Anadolu ve Karadeniz Bölgeleri sıkı bir şekilde tek grup oluştururken, Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi diğer bölgelerden belirgin şekilde ayrılmıştır. Akdeniz’in doğusu ve batısı ikiye ayrılmış, batı kısmı diğer bölgelerle iç içe geçerken doğu kısmı Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi’ne yakın ayrı bir grup oluşturmuştur. İç Anadolu Bölgesi’nin grup merkezi diğer bölgelerden ayrılarak kenarda bir grup oluşturmuştur. Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi’nin tek başına, Akdeniz Bölgesi’nin doğu ile batısının ayrı bir grup oluşturması Türkiye’nin güneyinde Apis mellifera syriaca ve Apis mellifera meda ırklarının varlığını destekler niteliktedir. İç Anadolu Bölgesi’nin ayrılması ise Orta Anadolu’da ise Apis mellifera anatoliaca olduğunu destekler niteliktedir. Ancak diğer bölgelerden alınan örneklerin iç içe geçerek birlikte bir grup oluşturması Türkiye bal arısı biyoçeşitliliğinin son yıllardaki göçer arıcılık ve ticari ana arı faaliyetlerinden etkilendiğini göstermektedir.

This study was conducted through the geometric morphometric method by making a sampling as to represent seven geographical regions of Turkey and also all honeybee races that are reported to be found in Turkey. Nineteen landmarks on the wings of bees detected by using right front wings of worker bees were measured by the Bs200Pro program. According to the results of discriminant function analysis based on individual data, the true classification rate was found to be 54.1%. While the Marmara, Aegean, Eastern Anatolia and Black Sea Regions formed a strictly single group, the Southeastern Anatolia Region distinctly separated from other regions. The honey bee population of eastern and western parts of the Mediterranean Sea were divided into two, while the western part formed close groups with other regions, the eastern part got closer to the Southeastern Anatolia Region. The group center of the Central Anatolia Region partly separated from the other regions and formed a group at the edge. Beside the split of the Mediterranean Region as East and West, the samples taken from Southeastern Anatolian Region create a separate group supported the existence of Apis mellifera syriaca and Apis mellifera meda races in the South. The separation of the Central Anatolia Region supports the existence of Apis mellifera anatoliaca in Central Anatolia of Turkey. However, the examples taken from other regions nested together to create a group show that the honey bee biodiversity in Turkey has been affected by the migratory beekeeping and commercial queenbee activities in recent years.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Published Date Eylül 2020
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9658-6584
Author: Merve KAMBUR ACAR (Primary Author)
Institution: DUZCE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2564-8343
Author: Meral KEKEÇOĞLU
Institution: DUZCE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Düzce University
Project Number BAP-2015.05.01.318
Thanks This study is part of the master thesis and it was supported by the Scientific Research Project of Duzce University BAP-2015.05.01.318.
Dates

Publication Date : September 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { yyutbd708186, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {}, publisher = {Yuzuncu Yil University}, year = {2020}, volume = {30}, pages = {593 - 600}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.708186}, title = {Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?}, key = {cite}, author = {Kambur, Merve and Kekeçoğlu, Meral} }
APA Kambur, M , Kekeçoğlu, M . (2020). Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction? . Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi , 30 (3) , 593-600 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.708186
MLA Kambur, M , Kekeçoğlu, M . "Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?" . Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 30 (2020 ): 593-600 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/yyutbd/issue/56387/708186>
Chicago Kambur, M , Kekeçoğlu, M . "Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 30 (2020 ): 593-600
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction? AU - Merve Kambur , Meral Kekeçoğlu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.708186 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.708186 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 593 EP - 600 VL - 30 IS - 3 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.708186 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.708186 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction? %A Merve Kambur , Meral Kekeçoğlu %T Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction? %D 2020 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 30 %N 3 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.708186 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.708186
ISNAD Kambur, Merve , Kekeçoğlu, Meral . "Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 30 / 3 (September 2020): 593-600 . https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.708186
AMA Kambur M , Kekeçoğlu M . Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?. YYÜ TAR BİL DERG. 2020; 30(3): 593-600.
Vancouver Kambur M , Kekeçoğlu M . Is The Natural Honey Bee Biodiversity of Anatolia in the Process of Extinction?. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 30(3): 593-600.