Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions
Toprak İşlemesiz Koşullar Altında Agrochernozyemlerin Temel Fiziksel Özelliklerindeki Değişimler

Ruslan SULEYMANOV [1] , Sergey ZAYKIN [2] , Azamat SULEYMANOV [3] , Evgeny ABAKUMOV [4] , Jakub KOSTECKİ [5]


Agriculture is one of the leading branches of the economy in the Republic of Bashkortostan (Russia). Long-term agricultural use of land with the use of plowing led to a decrease in the thickness of humus-accumulation horizon of soils, reduction of organic matter and nutrients. There is also deterioration of water-physical properties, development of water and wind erosion, and decrease in yield. Recently, the use of soil-saving farming systems has started, including the use of No-Till soil tillage system. The paper presents the results of assessment of physical properties of agrochernozems in conditions of No-Till use. Such physical properties as bulk density, humidity, temperature, structural and aggregate composition were studied using methods and instruments adopted in soil science. It is shown that in the top layer of soil (0-20 cm) is the accumulation of soil moisture, but the capillary and total water capacity is lower than that in nature soil. At the same time, in cultivated soils faced to the No-Till system the values of bulk density were increased as well as ranges of resistance to penetration. This fact, porbalby was caused the impact of activity of heavy agricultural machinery. The declining of soil density can be reached by cultivation of sideral cultures and perennial grasses.
Tarım, Başkurdistan Cumhuriyeti'nde (Rusya) ekonominin önde gelen dallarından biridir. Toprağın uzun süreli tarımsal kullanımı, toprağın humus birikimi horizon kalınlığının azalmasına, organik madde ve besin maddelerinin azalmasına neden olmaktadır. Ayrıca su-fiziksel özelliklerinde bir bozulma, su ve rüzgar erozyonunun artması ve verimlilikte bir azalma söz konusu olmaktadır. Son zamanlarda, toprak işlemesiz sistem kullanımı da dahil olmak üzere, toprak korumalı tarım sistemlerinin kullanımı başlamıştır. Bu çalışmada agrokernozemlerin fiziksel özelliklerinin toprak işlemesiz sistem kullanımı koşulları altında değerlendirilmesinin sonuçlarını sunmaktadır. Toprağın kütle yoğunluğu, nem, sıcaklık, yapısal ve agrega bileşimi gibi fiziksel özellikleri, toprak biliminde kabul edilen yöntemler ve araçlar kullanılarak incelenmiştir. Üst toprak tabakasında (0-20 cm) toprak nemi birikiminin olduğu, kılcal ve toplam nem kapasitesi değerlerinin yanı sıra kütle yoğunluğunun doğadaki toprağının değerlerine yaklaştığı ve tarımsal ürünlerin büyümesi ve gelişmesi için en uygun olduğu gösterilmiştir. Yapısal ve agrega bileşimi, suyun zararlı etkilerine aşırı derecede yüksek dirençleri ile mükemmel agrega hali ile karakterize edilir. Ancak tek bir durumda toprak yoğunluğu 45 cm derinliğe kadar çıkmaktadır. Bu gerçek, ağır tarım makinelerinin etkisinden kaynaklanmaktadır. Toprak yoğunluğunun azalması, özel bir biyoorganik ajan ile muamele edilerek ve çok yıllık otlar yetiştirilerek sağlanabilir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Soil Science
Published Date Aralık 2020
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7754-0406
Author: Ruslan SULEYMANOV (Primary Author)
Institution: Ufa Institute of Biology Ufa Federal Research Center Russian Academy of Sciences
Country: Russian Federation


Orcid: 0000-0002-0873-5373
Author: Sergey ZAYKIN
Institution: Ufa Institute of Biology Ufa Federal Research Center Russian Academy of Sciences
Country: Russian Federation


Orcid: 0000-0001-7974-4931
Author: Azamat SULEYMANOV
Institution: Ufa Institute of Biology Ufa Federal Research Center Russian Academy of Sciences
Country: Russian Federation


Orcid: 0000-0002-5248-9018
Author: Evgeny ABAKUMOV
Institution: Saint Petersburg State University
Country: Russian Federation


Orcid: 0000-0002-4231-1080
Author: Jakub KOSTECKİ
Institution: University of Zielona Góra
Country: Poland


Supporting Institution Russian Foundation for Basic Research; Russian Scientific Foundation
Project Number 19-34-90001; 17-16-01030
Thanks Special thanks to the Prof. Dr. Ridvan Kizilkaya for his advises and improvements of manuscript
Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { yyutbd754479, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {}, publisher = {Yuzuncu Yil University}, year = {2020}, volume = {30}, pages = {963 - 972}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.754479}, title = {Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions}, key = {cite}, author = {Suleymanov, Ruslan and Zaykın, Sergey and Suleymanov, Azamat and Abakumov, Evgeny and Kostecki̇, Jakub} }
APA Suleymanov, R , Zaykın, S , Suleymanov, A , Abakumov, E , Kostecki̇, J . (2020). Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions . Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi , Volume:30 Issue: Additional issue , 963-972 . DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.754479
MLA Suleymanov, R , Zaykın, S , Suleymanov, A , Abakumov, E , Kostecki̇, J . "Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions" . Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 30 (2020 ): 963-972 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/yyutbd/issue/59373/754479>
Chicago Suleymanov, R , Zaykın, S , Suleymanov, A , Abakumov, E , Kostecki̇, J . "Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 30 (2020 ): 963-972
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions AU - Ruslan Suleymanov , Sergey Zaykın , Azamat Suleymanov , Evgeny Abakumov , Jakub Kostecki̇ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.754479 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.754479 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 963 EP - 972 VL - 30 IS - Ek sayı (Additional issue) SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.754479 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.754479 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions %A Ruslan Suleymanov , Sergey Zaykın , Azamat Suleymanov , Evgeny Abakumov , Jakub Kostecki̇ %T Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions %D 2020 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 30 %N Ek sayı (Additional issue) %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.754479 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.754479
ISNAD Suleymanov, Ruslan , Zaykın, Sergey , Suleymanov, Azamat , Abakumov, Evgeny , Kostecki̇, Jakub . "Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 30 / Ek sayı (Additional issue) (December 2020): 963-972 . https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.754479
AMA Suleymanov R , Zaykın S , Suleymanov A , Abakumov E , Kostecki̇ J . Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions. YYÜ TAR BİL DERG. 2020; 30(Ek sayı (Additional issue)): 963-972.
Vancouver Suleymanov R , Zaykın S , Suleymanov A , Abakumov E , Kostecki̇ J . Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 30(Ek sayı (Additional issue)): 963-972.
IEEE R. Suleymanov , S. Zaykın , A. Suleymanov , E. Abakumov and J. Kostecki̇ , "Changes in Basic Soil Physical Properties of Agrochernozyems Under No-till Conditions", Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 30, no. Ek sayı (Additional issue), pp. 963-972, Dec. 2021, doi:10.29133/yyutbd.754479