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A preliminary study on the effect of different N and P levels on the grain yield and some yield characteristics of Amaranth (Amaranthus mantegazzianus)

Year 2018, , 203 - 210, 27.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.20289/zfdergi.408886

Abstract

To evaluate the influence of different N and P
levels on the productivity of amaranth, a pot experiment under outdoor
condition was conducted on a amaranth genotype (cv.
Don Juan) with five
nitrogen (0, 50, 100, 150, 200
kg·ha-1)
and three phosphor levels (0, 50, 100 kg·ha-1).
Some traits tested in the experiment were plant height, harvest index and grain
yield, crude protein content and weight of thousand grain. Results indicated
that increasing N and P levels positively affected above mentioned traits
compared to the control, and the highest grain yield for amaranth obtained from
100 kg P and 150 kg N application per hectare.

References

  • Abbasi, D., Rouzbehan Y. and J. Rezaei. 2012. Effect of harvest date and nitrogen fertilization rate on the nutritive value of amaranth forage (Amaranthus hypocondriacus), Animal feed Science and Technology, 171, 6-12.
  • Acar, Z. 1996. İki yemlik horoz ibiği çeşidinin verimi ve bazı özelliklerine farklı azot dozlarının etkileri üzerine bir araştırma I. Tohum verimi, Ondokuz Mayıs Ün. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 11(2):187-196.
  • Akanbi, W.B. and A.O. Togun. 2002. The influence of maize-stover compost and nitrojen fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of amaranth, Scientia Horticulturae 93:1-8.
  • Alvarez-Jubetea, L., E. K. Arendtb and E. Gallaghera. 2010a. Nutritive value of pseudocereals and their increasing use as functional gluten-free ingredients, In: Trends in Food Science & Technology 21:106-113.
  • Alvarez-Jubete, L., M. Auty, E.K. Arendt and E. Gallagher E. 2010b. Baking properties and microstructure of pseudocereal flours in gluten-free bread formulations. Eur Food Res Technol 230:437–45.
  • Amicarelli, V. and G. Camaggi. 2012. Amaranthus: A Crop to Rediscover, Forum Ware International 2.
  • Bertero, H.D., A.J.de la Vega, G.Correa, S.E.Jacobsen and A.Mujica. 2004. Genotype and genotype-by-environment interaction effects for grain yield and grain size of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) as revealed by pattern analysis of international multi-environment trials, Field Crops Research, 89:299–318.
  • Barba de la Rosa, A.P., I.S. Fomsgaard, B. Larsen; Mortensen, A.G.; L. Olvera-Martınez, C. Silva-Sanchez, A. Mendoza-Herrera, J. Gonzalez-Castaneda, A. De Leon-Rodrıguez. 2009. Amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) as an alternative crop for sustainable food production: Phenolic acids and flavonoids with potential impact on its nutraceutical quality, In: Journal of Cereal Science 49:117–121.
  • Borneo, R. and A. Aguirre. 2008. Chemical composition, cooking cereals, and consumer acceptance of pasta made with dried amaranth leaves flour, In: LWT - Food Science and Technology 41:1748–1751.
  • Caselato-Sousa, V.M. and J. Amaya-Farfán. 2012. State of knowledge on amaranth grain: A comprehensive review, Journal of Food Science 77(4):93-104.
  • Das S. 2016. A Promising Crop of Future, Saubhik Das Department of Botany Taki Government College West Bengal, ISBN 978-981-10-1468-0 / DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-1469-7_1/Springer Science + Business Media Singapore.
  • Dumanoğlu, Z. ve H. Geren. 2016. Kinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)’da farklı tuz (NaCl) yoğunluklarının tane verimi ve bazı verim unsurlarına etkisi, Ege Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 53(2):153-159.
  • Dönmez S. 2009. Bartın Koşullarında Doğal Maddelerin (Baykal EM1 ve Biyohumus) Amaranthus caudatus var. bulava ve Amaranthus tricolor var. valentina’da Bazı Morfolojik ve Fizyolojik Proseslere Etkisi ve Bu Bitkilerin Peyzaj Mimarlığında Kullanımı, Bartın Ün. Fen Bilimleri Enst. Orman Müh. Anabilim Dalı, Doktora Tezi, Bartın.
  • Elbehri, A., D.H. Putnam and M. Schmitt 1993. Nitrogen fertilizer and cultivar effects on yield and nitrogen-use efficiency of grain amaranth. Agron. J. 85, 120–128.
  • Ejieji, C.J. and K.A. Adeniran. 2010. Effects of water and fertilizer stress on the yield, fresh and dry matter production of grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.). Aus. J. Agric. Eng. 1(1):18-24.
  • Erley, G.S., H.P. Kaul, M. Kruse and W. Aufhammer. 2005. Yield and nitrogen utilization efficiency of the pseudocereals amaranth, quinoa, and buckwheat under differing nitrogen fertilization, Europ. J. Agronomy, Short communication, 22 (95-100).
  • Genç, N. ve Z. Acar. 1999. Horozibiği (Amaranthus sp.)’nin azot ihtiyacının ot ve tohum veriminin ve bazı özelliklerinin belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma, Ondokuz Mayıs Ün. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 14(3):65-75.
  • Geren, H. ve E. Güre. 2017. Farklı azot ve fosfor seviyelerinin kinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)’da tane verimi ve bazı verim unsurlarına etkisi üzerinde bir ön araştırma, Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 54(1):1-8
  • Kalač, P. and J. Moudrý. 2000. Chemical composition and nutritional value of amaranth grains (in Czech). Czech J Food Sci 18: 201-206
  • Meyo, C.A. 2004. The effect of nitrogen and phosphorous application on growth, yield and nutritional quality of vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus), The Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi, M.Sc. Thesis, 66p.
  • Mlakar, S.G., M. Bavec, M. Turinek and F. Bavec. 2009. Rheological properties of dough made from grain amaranth-cereal composite flours based on wheat and spelt. Czech J Food Sci 27:309–19.
  • Mlakar, S.G., M. Turinek, M. Jakop, M. Bavec and F. Bazvec. 2010. Grain amaranth as an alternative and perspective crop in temperate climate. Revija za geografijo – Journal for Geography 5:135–45.
  • Myers, R.L. 1998. Nitrogen fertilizer effect on grain Amaranth, Agron. Jour. 90:597–602.
  • Olaniyi, J.O., K.A. Adelasoye and C.O. Jegede. 2008. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer on the growth, yield and quality of grain amaranth varieties, World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4 (4): 506-513.
  • Olofintoye, J.A.T. , H.A. Adeniyi and O.A. Adetula. 2011. Effects of phosphorus fertilizer and intra row spacing on the growth and yield of grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus), Agricultural Journal 6(6):366-368.
  • Olofintoye, J.A.T., Y.A. Abayomi and O. Olugbemi. 2015. Yield responses of grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.) varieties to varying planting density and soil amendment, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(21):2218-2225.
  • Pimentel, D., A. Marklein, M.A. Toth, M. Karpoff, G.S. Paul, R. McCormack, J. Kyriazis and T. Krueger. 2008. Biofuel Impacts on World Food Supply: Use of Fossil Fuel, Land and Water Resources, In: Energies 1, pp. 41-78.
  • Pospišil, A., M. Pospišil, B. Varga and Z. Svečnjak. 2006. Grain yield and protein concentration of two amaranth species (Amaranthus spp.) as influenced by the nitrogen fertilization, European Journal of Agronomy, 25:250-253.
  • Pîsařıkovă, B., J. Peterka, M. Trčkovă, J. Moudrý, Z. Zralý and I. Herzih. 2006. Chemical composition of the above-ground biomass of Amaranthus cruentus and A.hypochondriacus, Acta Vet. Brno, 75:133–138.
  • Saini, J.P. and J. Shekhar. 1998. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of grain amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) cultivars under drytemperate, Indian J. Agron. 43:(4):743-746.
  • Schoenlechner, R, S. Siebenhandl and E. Berghofer. 2008. Pseudocereals. In: Arendt EK, Dal Bello F, editors. Gluten-free cereal products and beverages. London: Elsevier/Academic Press. p:149–190.
  • Teutonico R.A. and D. Knorr. 1985. Amaranth: composition, properties and applications of a rediscovered food crop, In: Food Technology 39:49-61.
  • Uusikua, N.P., A. Oelofsea, K.G. Duodub, M.J. Besterc and M. Faberd. 2010. Nutritional value of leafy vegetables of sub-Saharan Africa and their potential contribution to human health: A review, In: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 23: 499–509.
  • Valcárcel-Yamani, B., Caetano da S. Silva Lannes. 2012. Applications of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) and their influence in the nutritional value of cereal based foods, In: Food and Public Health 2:265-275.
  • Venskutonis, P.R. and P. Kraujalis. 2013. Nutritional components of amaranth seeds and vegetables: A review on composition, properties, and uses, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Safety, 12(4):381-412.
  • Yurtsever , N. 1984. Deneysel İstatistik Metotlar, Toprak ve Gübre Araş. Enstitüsü Yayınları No:121, Ankara.

Farklı Azot ve Fosfor Seviyelerinin Horozibiği (Amarantus mantegazzianus)’nde Tane Verimi ve Bazı Verim Özelliklerine Etkisi Üzerine Bir Ön Araştırma

Year 2018, , 203 - 210, 27.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.20289/zfdergi.408886

Abstract

Farklı azot
ve fosfor seviyelerinin horozibiği verimliliği üzerindeki etkisini
değerlendirmek için “Don Juan” isimli horozibiği genotipinde, beş azot (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 kg/da) ve üç fosfor
(0, 5, 10 kg/da) seviyesinin araştırıldığı bir saksı denemesi dış
ortamda yürütülmüştür. Çalışmada bitki
boyu, hasat indeksi, tane verimi, tane ham protein oranı ve 1000 tane ağırlığı
gibi özellikler incelenmiştir. Sonuçlar, kontrol uygulamasına göre artan N ve P seviyelerinin verim ve verim
unsurlarını olumlu yönde etkilediğini ve en yüksek tane veriminin dekara 10 kg
P ve 15 kg Nuygulamasından alındığını göstermiştir.

References

  • Abbasi, D., Rouzbehan Y. and J. Rezaei. 2012. Effect of harvest date and nitrogen fertilization rate on the nutritive value of amaranth forage (Amaranthus hypocondriacus), Animal feed Science and Technology, 171, 6-12.
  • Acar, Z. 1996. İki yemlik horoz ibiği çeşidinin verimi ve bazı özelliklerine farklı azot dozlarının etkileri üzerine bir araştırma I. Tohum verimi, Ondokuz Mayıs Ün. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 11(2):187-196.
  • Akanbi, W.B. and A.O. Togun. 2002. The influence of maize-stover compost and nitrojen fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of amaranth, Scientia Horticulturae 93:1-8.
  • Alvarez-Jubetea, L., E. K. Arendtb and E. Gallaghera. 2010a. Nutritive value of pseudocereals and their increasing use as functional gluten-free ingredients, In: Trends in Food Science & Technology 21:106-113.
  • Alvarez-Jubete, L., M. Auty, E.K. Arendt and E. Gallagher E. 2010b. Baking properties and microstructure of pseudocereal flours in gluten-free bread formulations. Eur Food Res Technol 230:437–45.
  • Amicarelli, V. and G. Camaggi. 2012. Amaranthus: A Crop to Rediscover, Forum Ware International 2.
  • Bertero, H.D., A.J.de la Vega, G.Correa, S.E.Jacobsen and A.Mujica. 2004. Genotype and genotype-by-environment interaction effects for grain yield and grain size of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) as revealed by pattern analysis of international multi-environment trials, Field Crops Research, 89:299–318.
  • Barba de la Rosa, A.P., I.S. Fomsgaard, B. Larsen; Mortensen, A.G.; L. Olvera-Martınez, C. Silva-Sanchez, A. Mendoza-Herrera, J. Gonzalez-Castaneda, A. De Leon-Rodrıguez. 2009. Amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) as an alternative crop for sustainable food production: Phenolic acids and flavonoids with potential impact on its nutraceutical quality, In: Journal of Cereal Science 49:117–121.
  • Borneo, R. and A. Aguirre. 2008. Chemical composition, cooking cereals, and consumer acceptance of pasta made with dried amaranth leaves flour, In: LWT - Food Science and Technology 41:1748–1751.
  • Caselato-Sousa, V.M. and J. Amaya-Farfán. 2012. State of knowledge on amaranth grain: A comprehensive review, Journal of Food Science 77(4):93-104.
  • Das S. 2016. A Promising Crop of Future, Saubhik Das Department of Botany Taki Government College West Bengal, ISBN 978-981-10-1468-0 / DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-1469-7_1/Springer Science + Business Media Singapore.
  • Dumanoğlu, Z. ve H. Geren. 2016. Kinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)’da farklı tuz (NaCl) yoğunluklarının tane verimi ve bazı verim unsurlarına etkisi, Ege Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 53(2):153-159.
  • Dönmez S. 2009. Bartın Koşullarında Doğal Maddelerin (Baykal EM1 ve Biyohumus) Amaranthus caudatus var. bulava ve Amaranthus tricolor var. valentina’da Bazı Morfolojik ve Fizyolojik Proseslere Etkisi ve Bu Bitkilerin Peyzaj Mimarlığında Kullanımı, Bartın Ün. Fen Bilimleri Enst. Orman Müh. Anabilim Dalı, Doktora Tezi, Bartın.
  • Elbehri, A., D.H. Putnam and M. Schmitt 1993. Nitrogen fertilizer and cultivar effects on yield and nitrogen-use efficiency of grain amaranth. Agron. J. 85, 120–128.
  • Ejieji, C.J. and K.A. Adeniran. 2010. Effects of water and fertilizer stress on the yield, fresh and dry matter production of grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.). Aus. J. Agric. Eng. 1(1):18-24.
  • Erley, G.S., H.P. Kaul, M. Kruse and W. Aufhammer. 2005. Yield and nitrogen utilization efficiency of the pseudocereals amaranth, quinoa, and buckwheat under differing nitrogen fertilization, Europ. J. Agronomy, Short communication, 22 (95-100).
  • Genç, N. ve Z. Acar. 1999. Horozibiği (Amaranthus sp.)’nin azot ihtiyacının ot ve tohum veriminin ve bazı özelliklerinin belirlenmesi üzerine bir araştırma, Ondokuz Mayıs Ün. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 14(3):65-75.
  • Geren, H. ve E. Güre. 2017. Farklı azot ve fosfor seviyelerinin kinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)’da tane verimi ve bazı verim unsurlarına etkisi üzerinde bir ön araştırma, Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 54(1):1-8
  • Kalač, P. and J. Moudrý. 2000. Chemical composition and nutritional value of amaranth grains (in Czech). Czech J Food Sci 18: 201-206
  • Meyo, C.A. 2004. The effect of nitrogen and phosphorous application on growth, yield and nutritional quality of vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus), The Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi, M.Sc. Thesis, 66p.
  • Mlakar, S.G., M. Bavec, M. Turinek and F. Bavec. 2009. Rheological properties of dough made from grain amaranth-cereal composite flours based on wheat and spelt. Czech J Food Sci 27:309–19.
  • Mlakar, S.G., M. Turinek, M. Jakop, M. Bavec and F. Bazvec. 2010. Grain amaranth as an alternative and perspective crop in temperate climate. Revija za geografijo – Journal for Geography 5:135–45.
  • Myers, R.L. 1998. Nitrogen fertilizer effect on grain Amaranth, Agron. Jour. 90:597–602.
  • Olaniyi, J.O., K.A. Adelasoye and C.O. Jegede. 2008. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer on the growth, yield and quality of grain amaranth varieties, World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4 (4): 506-513.
  • Olofintoye, J.A.T. , H.A. Adeniyi and O.A. Adetula. 2011. Effects of phosphorus fertilizer and intra row spacing on the growth and yield of grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus), Agricultural Journal 6(6):366-368.
  • Olofintoye, J.A.T., Y.A. Abayomi and O. Olugbemi. 2015. Yield responses of grain amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus L.) varieties to varying planting density and soil amendment, African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(21):2218-2225.
  • Pimentel, D., A. Marklein, M.A. Toth, M. Karpoff, G.S. Paul, R. McCormack, J. Kyriazis and T. Krueger. 2008. Biofuel Impacts on World Food Supply: Use of Fossil Fuel, Land and Water Resources, In: Energies 1, pp. 41-78.
  • Pospišil, A., M. Pospišil, B. Varga and Z. Svečnjak. 2006. Grain yield and protein concentration of two amaranth species (Amaranthus spp.) as influenced by the nitrogen fertilization, European Journal of Agronomy, 25:250-253.
  • Pîsařıkovă, B., J. Peterka, M. Trčkovă, J. Moudrý, Z. Zralý and I. Herzih. 2006. Chemical composition of the above-ground biomass of Amaranthus cruentus and A.hypochondriacus, Acta Vet. Brno, 75:133–138.
  • Saini, J.P. and J. Shekhar. 1998. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on growth and yield of grain amaranth (Amaranthus hypochondriacus) cultivars under drytemperate, Indian J. Agron. 43:(4):743-746.
  • Schoenlechner, R, S. Siebenhandl and E. Berghofer. 2008. Pseudocereals. In: Arendt EK, Dal Bello F, editors. Gluten-free cereal products and beverages. London: Elsevier/Academic Press. p:149–190.
  • Teutonico R.A. and D. Knorr. 1985. Amaranth: composition, properties and applications of a rediscovered food crop, In: Food Technology 39:49-61.
  • Uusikua, N.P., A. Oelofsea, K.G. Duodub, M.J. Besterc and M. Faberd. 2010. Nutritional value of leafy vegetables of sub-Saharan Africa and their potential contribution to human health: A review, In: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 23: 499–509.
  • Valcárcel-Yamani, B., Caetano da S. Silva Lannes. 2012. Applications of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) and their influence in the nutritional value of cereal based foods, In: Food and Public Health 2:265-275.
  • Venskutonis, P.R. and P. Kraujalis. 2013. Nutritional components of amaranth seeds and vegetables: A review on composition, properties, and uses, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Safety, 12(4):381-412.
  • Yurtsever , N. 1984. Deneysel İstatistik Metotlar, Toprak ve Gübre Araş. Enstitüsü Yayınları No:121, Ankara.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Zeynep DUMANOĞLU

Hakan GEREN

Publication Date June 27, 2018
Submission Date August 21, 2017
Acceptance Date February 6, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018

Cite

APA DUMANOĞLU, Z., & GEREN, H. (2018). Farklı Azot ve Fosfor Seviyelerinin Horozibiği (Amarantus mantegazzianus)’nde Tane Verimi ve Bazı Verim Özelliklerine Etkisi Üzerine Bir Ön Araştırma. Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 55(2), 203-210. https://doi.org/10.20289/zfdergi.408886

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