The claim which human is a being that comes to the soul and body and origin of the soul comes from the extrasensory universe, throughout the history of thought human always kept alive the subject of ontological and epistemological relation with this world. Because of this is tending of human epistemological interest metaphysical universe which there is no sensory perception about it, as well as sensual world which subject to sense. This brings along with philosophical arguments such as the source, the limit of knowledge, the possibility of knowledge of the metaphysical universe, if it is possible this can be achieved which epistemological capabilities and what is the truth value of this knowledge. al-Kındi, al-Farabi, Ibn Sînâ, and Ibn Rushd known as Peripatetic Philosophers in the tradition of Islamic philosophy, appear to be as the most important representatives of rational metaphysics. Because they have tried to base such metaphysical matters on the reason, especially in the existence and attributes of God, prophecy, creation and resurrection. Their attempts of reasonal justification has been criticized, by many thinkers particularly the al-Gazzali, on the grounds that metaphysical issues are outside of reason comprehension area. This work focuses on the views of Ibn Khaldun who one of the critical thinkers of the Peripatetics Philosophers, rational metaphysics and to base by reason whether or not possible the basic issues of metaphysical.
Publication Date: December 30, 2018
|ISNAD||Tanrıverdi, Hasan . "Problem of Possible Rational Metaphysic According to Ibn Khaldun". Hitit Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 17 / 34 (December 2019): 1-30. https://doi.org/10.14395/hititilahiyat.466023|