Year 2018, Volume 35, Issue 2, Pages 122 - 129 2018-12-30

İngiliz Bir Eksantrik: Edith Sitwell ve Façade Şiirlerinde Sesle Yaptığı Deneyler
An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade

Fahriye Selvi Danacı [1]

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Edith Sitwell’in şiir kariyeri boyunca belirli bir unsur eserlerinde daima ön planda olmuştur. Bu unsur sesin deneysel kullanımıdır. Özellikle Sitwell’in erken döneminde ritmin seslerin deneysel düzenlenmesi olarak kullanılması şiirlerinin büyük bir kısmına hâkim olmuştur. Sitwell bu teknik unsuru tematik içeriklerden üstün tutmuştur. Böylelikle yirminci yüzyıl başında şiir sanatına yaratıcı bir yaklaşım geliştirmiştir. Sahne performansı ve William Walton’ın müziği için derlenen çeşitli soyut şiirlerden oluşan ünlü şiir derlemesi Façade (1922) Sitwell’in deneysel tarzının en göze çarpan örneklerinden biri olarak değerlendirilebilir. Walton’ın katkılarıyla Sitwell Façade’da müzik ve şiir unsurlarını bir araya getirmiş ve ses ve ritim kullanımı üzerinde çalışarak şiirsel stilini ifade edip geliştirebileceği yeni bir sanatsal alan oluşturmuştur. Şiirde ritmin rolüne olan vurgusunun sebebi yalnızca teknik bir özellik olarak önemi değil, aynı zamanda yüzyılın ruhunun bir temsili olarak işlev görmesiydi. Sitwell’e göre yirminci yüzyılın ritmi on sekizinci ya da on dokuzuncu yüzyılların riti olmamalı; aksine, ritim döneminin ruhunu yansıtmalıdır. Bu doğrultuda Sitwell şiirin üretildiği zamanın atmosferiyle uyumlu olması gerektiğini savunmuştur. Dolayısıyla derlemedeki şiirler ait oldukları dönem kadar istikrarsız, değişken ve karmaşık olarak tasarlanmıştır. Bu oluşum da Sitwell’in deneysel tarzıyla sağlanmıştır. Bu bakımdan, bu makalenin başlıca amacı Sitwell’in Façade şiirlerinde sesle olan teknik ve biçimsel deneylerini ele almak ve yirminci yüzyıldaki sanatsal yaratıcılık anlayışını incelemektir.

Throughout Edith Sitwell’s poetic career, one specific factor was always in the foreground in her works, that is, the experimental use of sound. Especially in her earlier period, employing rhythm as an experimental arrangement of sounds dominated the bulk of her poems. Sitwell prioritised this technical element over thematic components, and thus developed an inventive approach to the art of poetry in the early twentieth century. Her famous poetry collection, Façade (1922) can be considered one of the most distinguished examples of her experimental manner, consisting of several abstract poems which were compiled for dramatic performance and for William Walton’s music. With Walton’s contributions, Sitwell combined the elements of music and poetry in Façade, and she formed a new artistic domain where she could express and improve her poetic style by working on the use of sound and rhythm. The reason for her emphasis on the role of rhythm in poetry was not only its significance as a technical attribute but also its functioning as a representative of the century’s spirit. For Sitwell, the rhythm of the twentieth century must not be the rhythm of the eighteenth or the nineteenth centuries, on the contrary, it should reflect the soul of its era. Accordingly, Sitwell advocated that poetry should be compatible with the tone of the period in which it is produced. Therefore, the poems in the collection were designed to be as unsteady, tumultuous, and complex as the era they belonged to, and this composition was achieved through her experimental style. In this respect, the primary aim of this article is to discuss Sitwell’s technical and stylistic experiments with sound in her Façade poems and examine her perception of artistic creation in the twentieth century.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Literature
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Fahriye Selvi Danacı
Institution: HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: December 30, 2018

Bibtex @research article { huefd432270, journal = {Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1301-5737}, eissn = {2630-5976}, address = {Hacettepe University}, year = {2018}, volume = {35}, pages = {122 - 129}, doi = {10.32600/huefd.432270}, title = {An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade}, key = {cite}, author = {Danacı, Fahriye Selvi} }
APA Danacı, F . (2018). An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 35 (2), 122-129. DOI: 10.32600/huefd.432270
MLA Danacı, F . "An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 35 (2018): 122-129 <http://dergipark.org.tr/huefd/issue/41233/432270>
Chicago Danacı, F . "An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 35 (2018): 122-129
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade AU - Fahriye Selvi Danacı Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.32600/huefd.432270 DO - 10.32600/huefd.432270 T2 - Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 122 EP - 129 VL - 35 IS - 2 SN - 1301-5737-2630-5976 M3 - doi: 10.32600/huefd.432270 UR - https://doi.org/10.32600/huefd.432270 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Hacettepe University Journal of Faculty of Letters An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade %A Fahriye Selvi Danacı %T An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade %D 2018 %J Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1301-5737-2630-5976 %V 35 %N 2 %R doi: 10.32600/huefd.432270 %U 10.32600/huefd.432270
ISNAD Danacı, Fahriye Selvi . "An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade". Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 35 / 2 (December 2019): 122-129. https://doi.org/10.32600/huefd.432270
AMA Danacı F . An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade. HU EFD. 2018; 35(2): 122-129.
Vancouver Danacı F . An English Eccentric: Edith Sitwell and Her Experiments with Sound in Façade. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2018; 35(2): 129-122.