Year 2018, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 225 - 233 2018-06-30

JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST
JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST

Zekiye Antakyalioğlu [1]

73 164

Julian Barnes çok geniş ilgi alanları olan bir romancıdır ve eserlerinde yeni tema ve biçimleri deneyimlemeyi hep sevmiştir. 1982 yılında kaleme aldığı Benimle Tanışmadan Önce’de Barnes normalde son derece mantıklı, normal ve başarılı bir tarih profesörünün yaşadığı cinsel kıskançlık duygusunu kara mizah tavrıyla sunar. Tarih profesörünün çalışmakta olduğu geçmiş artık kendi karısının geçmişi olur. Roman, ana karakter Graham Hendrick’in bilincine odaklanır ve biz okudukça Graham’ın karısının onunla tanışmadan öncesinin, geçmişinin Graham’ın tüm şimdiki zamanını nasıl ele geçirdiğini ve yaşamını nasıl bir kabusa çevirdiğini izleriz. Graham, karısının geçmişini bir tarihçi titizliğiyle akademik araştırma yaparcasına disiplinle araştırmaya başlar. Roman cinsel kıskançlığın, insanın içinde saklı olan Othello’nun, insanın hayvansal yanının nasıl olup da onun mantıklı, bilinçli, medeni benliğini ele geçirdiğini ve kişiyi nasıl kana susamış bir hayvana, ilkel güdülerle ve libido kaynaklı itkilerle davranan bir kişiye dönüştürdüğünü merceğe alır. Bu çalışma cinsel kıskançlık olgusunu Milan Kundera’nın litost adını verdiği “kişinin kendi sefilliğinin farkına vardığı anlarda” duyduğu kıskançlık, melankoli, acıma, eziklik ve intikam duygularının karışımı olan kavram ışığında ele alacaktır.

Julian Barnes has always been a novelist of wide interests, and as a novelist he has been fond of experimenting on new themes in a variety of structures which are completely different from one another. In his 1982 novel, Before She Met Me Barnes presents us a black comedy on the theme of sexual jealousy experienced by otherwise a very sensible, normal and successful professor of history. However, this time the past he relentlessly studies and searches is his own wife’s past. As we read the story, mainly focusing on the consciousness of Graham Hendrick, the protagonist, we see that “the times before she met him”, in other words “her past”, start to take hold of the whole present of Graham and turns his life into a nightmare.  As a historian he does his research in a most academic precision and rigor and cannot find a cure for his obsession. The novel illustrates how sexual jealousy, the Othello within or our bestial side can capture our sensible, conscious, civilized self and transforms our brain into a blood thirst animal’s brain once libidinal instincts become our main drives. This paper will offer a reading and analysis of this phenomenon from Milan Kundera’s concept of litost which is a state of torment created by the sudden sight of one's own misery, an emotion formed of jealousy, melancholy, pity, ressentiment and revenge.   

  • Referans 1 Barnes, Julian, (2014), Before She Met Me. London: Vintage Books. Referans 2 Childs, Peter, (2011), Contemporary British Novelists: Julian Barnes. UK: Manchester U.P. Referans 3 Eagleton, Terry, (2010), On Evil. New Heaven & London: Yale U.P. Referans 4 Guignery, Venessa, (2006), The Fiction of Julian Barnes: A Reader’s Guide to Essential Criticism. London: Palgrave. Referans 5 Higdon, David Leon, (1991), “Unconfessed Confessions: The Narrators of Graham Swift and Julian Barnes.” The British and Irish Novel Since 1960. Ed. James Acheson. UK: Macmillan. Referans 6 Holmes, Frederick M. (2009), Julian Barnes. New British Fiction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Referans 7 Kazlev, M. Alan; et al, (2003-10-19), "The Triune Brain.". KHEPER. http://www.kheper.net/topics/intelligence/MacLean.htm Retrieved 2017- 05-04 Referans 8 Kundera, Milan, (1999), The Book of Laughter and Forgetting. Trans. Aaron Asher. New York: Harper Collins. Referans 9 MacGrath, Patrick and Julian Barnes, (1987), “Interview with Julian Barnes”. BOMB. No: 21, pp: 20-23. New Art Publications. Referans 10 Millington, Mark I, and Alison S. Sinclair, (1992), “The Honorable Cuckold: Models of Masculine Defense”. Comparative Literature Studies, Vol. 29. No: 1 pp: 1-19. USA: Penn State U.P. Referans 11 Zizek, Slavoj, (2010), Living in the End Times. UK: Verso.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6031-834X
Author: Zekiye Antakyalioğlu (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { inijoss375196, journal = {İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS)}, issn = {2147-0936}, address = {Inonu University}, year = {2018}, volume = {7}, pages = {225 - 233}, doi = {}, title = {JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST}, key = {cite}, author = {Antakyalioğlu, Zekiye} }
APA Antakyalioğlu, Z . (2018). JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST. İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS), 7 (1), 225-233. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/inijoss/issue/38239/375196
MLA Antakyalioğlu, Z . "JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST". İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) 7 (2018): 225-233 <http://dergipark.org.tr/inijoss/issue/38239/375196>
Chicago Antakyalioğlu, Z . "JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST". İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) 7 (2018): 225-233
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST AU - Zekiye Antakyalioğlu Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 225 EP - 233 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - 2147-0936- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST %A Zekiye Antakyalioğlu %T JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST %D 2018 %J İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) %P 2147-0936- %V 7 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Antakyalioğlu, Zekiye . "JULIAN BARNES’S BEFORE SHE MET ME AS A STUDY OF LITOST". İnönü University International Journal of Social Sciences (INIJOSS) 7 / 1 (June 2018): 225-233.