Year 2019, Volume , Issue 11, Pages 275 - 298 2019-01-31

Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan
Üzüür Gyalan Mezarında At Kurban Edilmesi: Bir Altay Dağı Kurganı

Vedat Onar [1] , Sebahattin Küçük [2] , Enkhbat Galbadrakh [3] , Ahmet Taşağıl [4] , Dilek Olğun Erdikmen [5]

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This study evaluated the horse sacrifice results and tomb remains of the Üzüür Gylan tombs which were recovered in 2015 at a location 35 km North-West from the centre of the Mönhhairhan province of Hovd in western Mongolia. A woman’s corpse buried with her clothing, some goods for daily life, a mummified horse skeleton and its harness as well as sheep remains were all recovered from a rock carved tomb. Radiocarbon dating placed the tomb as the 10th century A.D. Isotope analysis carried out on the horse showed that the horse lived in an environment comprising of C3 plantation with ample water and vegetation. There were markings on the Frontal region of the horse’s skull showing that it had been killed by being struck with a hard instrument as a sacrifice for the funeral ceremony. The tomb remains have given information about the style of living of the Altay people during the period of the 10th century A.D. and place and influence of horse in their lives.
Bu çalışmada, 2015 yılında, Batı Moğolistan’ın Hovd vilayeti Mönhhairhan ilçe merkezine 35 km mesafede kuzeybatı tarafında, Altay dağlarının 2803 m yüksekliğinde keşfedilen Üzüür Gyalan mezarında at kurban edilme ve mezar bulguları değerlendirildi. Arkeologlar tarafından kaya oyuğu içerisinde bulunan bu mezarda yürütülen arkeolojik kazı çalışmalar sonucunda kıyafetleri ile gömülmüş kadın ile birlikte günlük yaşamda kullandığı malzemeler, mumifiye olmuş at iskeleti ile buna ait koşum takımları ve bazı koyun kalıntıları tespit edildi. Mezar örneklerinden radyokarbon tarihlendirme yapıldığında, mezar dönemsel olarak MS.10 yy’a ait olduğu saptandı. İzotop analizleri, atın C3 diye ifade edilen sulak iklim şartlarında yaşayan otlarla bu atın beslendiğini göstermekteydi. Cenaze ritüeli içinde atın kurban edildiğini gösteren, kafanın Frontal kemiği üzerinde atın öldürülmeden önce sert bir darbe ile alnına vurulduğunu gösteren bulgu bulunmaktaydı. Mezar bulguları MS. 10 yy Altay toplumunun yaşam biçimi ile bu toplumda atın yeri hakkında önemli bilgiler sunmaktadır. 
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Primary Language en
Journal Section MAKALELER/ARTICLES
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8359-243X
Author: Vedat Onar (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8504-1703
Author: Sebahattin Küçük
Institution: MİMAR SİNAN GÜZEL SANATLAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9338-6007
Author: Enkhbat Galbadrakh
Institution: Director of Center of Cultural Heritag
Country: Mongolia


Orcid: 0000-0002-1435-8877
Author: Ahmet Taşağıl
Institution: YEDITEPE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8190-8429
Author: Dilek Olğun Erdikmen
Institution: Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: January 31, 2019

Bibtex @research article { iuarts520511, journal = {Art-Sanat Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-3582}, address = {Istanbul University}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {275 - 298}, doi = {}, title = {Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan}, key = {cite}, author = {Onar, Vedat and Küçük, Sebahattin and Galbadrakh, Enkhbat and Taşağıl, Ahmet and Olğun Erdikmen, Dilek} }
APA Onar, V , Küçük, S , Galbadrakh, E , Taşağıl, A , Olğun Erdikmen, D . (2019). Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan. Art-Sanat Dergisi, (11), 275-298. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/iuarts/issue/43005/520511
MLA Onar, V , Küçük, S , Galbadrakh, E , Taşağıl, A , Olğun Erdikmen, D . "Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan". Art-Sanat Dergisi (2019): 275-298 <http://dergipark.org.tr/iuarts/issue/43005/520511>
Chicago Onar, V , Küçük, S , Galbadrakh, E , Taşağıl, A , Olğun Erdikmen, D . "Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan". Art-Sanat Dergisi (2019): 275-298
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan AU - Vedat Onar , Sebahattin Küçük , Enkhbat Galbadrakh , Ahmet Taşağıl , Dilek Olğun Erdikmen Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Art-Sanat Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 275 EP - 298 VL - IS - 11 SN - -2148-3582 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 ART-SANAT Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan %A Vedat Onar , Sebahattin Küçük , Enkhbat Galbadrakh , Ahmet Taşağıl , Dilek Olğun Erdikmen %T Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan %D 2019 %J Art-Sanat Dergisi %P -2148-3582 %V %N 11 %R %U
ISNAD Onar, Vedat , Küçük, Sebahattin , Galbadrakh, Enkhbat , Taşağıl, Ahmet , Olğun Erdikmen, Dilek . "Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan". Art-Sanat Dergisi / 11 (January 2019): 275-298.
AMA Onar V , Küçük S , Galbadrakh E , Taşağıl A , Olğun Erdikmen D . Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan. Art-Sanat Dergisi. 2019; (11): 275-298.
Vancouver Onar V , Küçük S , Galbadrakh E , Taşağıl A , Olğun Erdikmen D . Horse sacrifice in the Üzüür Gyalan Tomb: An Altai Mountain Kurgan. Art-Sanat Dergisi. 2019; (11): 298-275.