Year 2017, Volume 16, Issue 4, Pages 1148 - 1159 2017-11-07

1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment
1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment

Sinan Tankut GÜLHAN [1]

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Bu makale dünya tarihinin ilk cezaevi konferansını tarihsel ve düşünsel açıdan kavramayı amaçlar. 1872’de İngiltere’de toplanan Londra Cezaevi Kongresi, uzmanlar, bürokratlar, ceza reformu üzerine çalışan farklı alanlarda hayırseverlerin katılımıyla sosyolojik ve tarihsel bir dönüm noktasını temsil eder. Londra Kongresi, Onsekizinci yüzyılda John Howard tarafından başlatılan ceza reformlarının bir meyvesidir ve müteakip konferansların da ilki olacaktır. Bu makale açısından önemi, ceza reformlarının Ondokuzuncu yüzyılın son otuz yılında vardığı noktayı, bu noktanın ne raddede beynelmilel bir karakter taşıdığını, modern devletin inşası açısından taşıdığı belirleyici rolü ve bununla beraber zenginlerin ve ayrıcalıklı kesimlerin hayırseverliğiyle devletin cezalandırma mekanizmalarının kesiştiği toplumsal olarak Yirminci ve Yirmibirinci yüzyılların kriminolojik ve ceza yaklaşımlarının kurucu paradigmasını teşkil etmesindedir.

This paper is an attempt in understanding the first penal conference in world history. The meeting took place in 1872 in England, the Congress of London was a groundbreaking meeting of professionals, state officials, reformers of the penitentiary system, and interested philanthropists. The Congress was the culmination of a century’s efforts instigated by John Howard in the late eighteenth century. The meeting would prove to be the first of a long series of professionalized conferences on the practices of punishment. There were attempts in gathering the professionals of the penal system before, that is for sure, however, in convening and legitimizing both the state authority and the philanthropy of the upper classes it was an insightful examination and a critique of the state penitentiary system hitherto existed.

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Subjects Sociology
Journal Section Sociology
Authors

Author: Sinan Tankut GÜLHAN
Institution: GAZİANTEP ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { jss346044, journal = {Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences}, issn = {1303-0094}, eissn = {2149-5459}, address = {Gaziantep University}, year = {2017}, volume = {16}, pages = {1148 - 1159}, doi = {10.21547/jss.346044}, title = {1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment}, key = {cite}, author = {GÜLHAN, Sinan Tankut} }
APA GÜLHAN, S . (2017). 1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 16 (4), 1148-1159. DOI: 10.21547/jss.346044
MLA GÜLHAN, S . "1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 16 (2017): 1148-1159 <http://dergipark.org.tr/jss/issue/31209/346044>
Chicago GÜLHAN, S . "1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 16 (2017): 1148-1159
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - 1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment AU - Sinan Tankut GÜLHAN Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21547/jss.346044 DO - 10.21547/jss.346044 T2 - Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1148 EP - 1159 VL - 16 IS - 4 SN - 1303-0094-2149-5459 M3 - doi: 10.21547/jss.346044 UR - https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.346044 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment %A Sinan Tankut GÜLHAN %T 1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment %D 2017 %J Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences %P 1303-0094-2149-5459 %V 16 %N 4 %R doi: 10.21547/jss.346044 %U 10.21547/jss.346044
ISNAD GÜLHAN, Sinan Tankut . "1872 London Congress and the Nineteenth Century Prison Reform Movement: An Inquiry into the Discourse of Punishment". Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences 16 / 4 (November 2017): 1148-1159. https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.346044