Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 72 - 80 2019-05-20

Doğumda Kullanılan Aromaterapiler: Sistematik Derleme
Aromatherapy in Childbirth: A Systematic Review

Ayla Berkiten Ergin [1] , Pınar Mallı [2]

109 177

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, doğumda kullanılan aromaterapiler hakkında güncel bilgi ve çalışmaları sistematik olarak analiz etmek, ülkemizin ebelik bakım modelinde kullanımı ile ilgili öneriler getirmek ve bu konu ile ilgili yapılacak araştırmalara öncülük etmektir.


Yöntem: Çalışma için Scopus, PubMed, EBSCO host, Science Direct ve Ulusal Tez Merkezi, Dergi Park, Ulakbim, Türk Medline ve Türkiye Atıf Dizini arama motorları kullanıldı ve erişilen 82 makale bu çalışmaya dahil edildi. “Aromaterapi ve doğum ağrısı” ve “aromaterapi ve doğum” anahtar kelimeler kullanılarak son 18 yılda (Ocak 2000-Ekim 2018), İngilizce ve Türkçe tam metnine ulaşılabilen, randomize kontrollü deneysel çalışmalar, sistematik inceleme ve meta analiz çalışmaları alınarak incelendi.


Bulgular: Çalışmaya uygunsuzluğu açısından 30 çalışma dışlandı. PRISMA (2009) bildirimi kriterleri esas alınarak analiz edildi. Yapılan analizde, 18 çalışmanın randomize kontrollü, 6 çalışmanın ise deneysel çalışma olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca 2 sistematik inceleme, 2 meta analiz, 1 retrospektif ve 1 prospektif çalışma yapıldığı gözlenmiştir. En çok İran’da (15) yapılan çalışmaya rastlanılmıştır. Ülkemize ait sadece iki çalışma olduğu belirlenmiştir.


Sonuç: Doğumda kullanılan aromaterapiler, anksiyeteyi azaltabilir, gevşemeyi kolaylaştırabilir ve doğum ağrısını hafifletebilir. Yorgunluk, doğum süresi, doğum sonuçları ve anne memnuniyeti üzerine de pozitif etkileri yapılan çalışmalarda bildirilmiştir. Ayrıca ebe ve hemşirelere tamamlayıcı tedavileri kullanmak üzere ülkemizde de yetkinlikler verilmesine, randomize kontrollü ve meta-analiz çalışmaları ile güçlü kanıtların elde edilmesine ihtiyaç olduğu düşünülmektedir.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the current studies and knowledge about aromatherapies used during childbirth, to bring evidence-based recommendations to our countries midwifery care model and to shed light into the fore-coming studies.


Methods: Scopus, PubMed, EBSCO host, Science Direct ve Ulusal Tez Merkezi, Dergi Park, Ulakbim, Turk Medline, Turkish Citation Index were used to search the current literature and 82 articles were retrieved. The key words used for search included “aromatherapy and labor pain” and “aromatherapy and childbirth”. Articles published within the past 18 years (January 2000 - November 2018) either in Turkish or in English were considered if they were performed as controlled randomized experimental studies.


Results: Thirty studies were excluded due to their unsuitability to the study. The studies were evaluated based on PRISMA (2009) assessment criteria. In the analysis, it was determined that 18 studies were randomized controlled and 6 studies were experimental studies. In addition, 2 systematic reviews, 2 meta-analyzes and 1 retrospective, 1 prospective study were also observed.  Most of the studies (15) reviewed were from Iran. Only two studies were found from our country.


Conclusion: The aromatherapy used during labor may decrease anxiety, increase relaxation, and ease labor pain. Studies reported positive effects of aromatherapy on exhaustion, labor duration, labor outcomes and the mother’s satisfaction of the birth.  In addition, it is our opinion that the authorization of nurses and midwives to use aromatherapy on their patients in our country and further randomized controlled studies are needed to provide more evidence for the use of aromatherapy.


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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Published Date May 2019
Journal Section Original Article | Midwifery & Nursing
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2762-2403
Author: Ayla Berkiten Ergin (Primary Author)
Institution: Kocaeli Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ebelik Bölümü
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0936-0849
Author: Pınar Mallı
Institution: Kocaeli Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ebelik Anabilim Dalı
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: May 20, 2019

EndNote %0 Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Doğumda Kullanılan Aromaterapiler: Sistematik Derleme %A Ayla Berkiten Ergin , Pınar Mallı %T Doğumda Kullanılan Aromaterapiler: Sistematik Derleme %D 2019 %J Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2149-8571 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30934/kusbed.496775 %U 10.30934/kusbed.496775