Year 2019, Volume 58, Issue 1, Pages 53 - 71 2019-03-01

LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ

Elif Yılmaz [1] , Ersin Y. Yazıcı [2] , Oktay Celep [3] , Hacı Deveci [4]

10 0

liçidir. Cevherde bulunan bakır, çinko vb. minerallerinin de siyanür liçinde çözünmesi siyanür
tüketimini artırmakta ve altın kazanımını olumsuz yönde etkilemektedir. Çözünen bu metaller, liç
sonrası çözelti saflaştırma ve metal kazanımı süreçlerinde de teknik sorunlara neden olmaktadır.
Siyanür liçi sonucunda, serbest siyanür ve metal-siyanür komplekslerini içeren atık çözelti (palp)
açığa çıkmaktadır. Bu atıklar, kimyasal bozundurma (INCO SO2/Hava, H2O2 gibi) veya siyanür
geri kazanım proseslerine tabi tutularak siyanür içeriklerinin yasal olarak belirlenen sınırların
(CN WAD<10 mg/L) altına indirilmesi gerekmektedir. Siyanürün geri kazanımı ile siyanür derişiminin
gerekli seviyeye indirilmesinin yanı sıra reaktif maliyetleri de azaltılabilir. Bu amaçla, aktif karbon
adsorpsiyonu, iyon değişimi (IX), solvent ekstraksiyonu (SX), elektro-kazanım, asitleştirmeabsorpsiyon
temelli prosesler (AVR, Cyanisorb) ve SART gibi farklı siyanür geri kazanım yöntemleri
geliştirilmiştir. Endüstriyel siyanür geri kazanım teknikleri (AVR, SART vd.) ile siyanür tüketimi
%50-75 azaltılabilmektedir. Fakat bu proseslerin tesiste uygulanması sırasında çeşitli problemlerle
karşılaşılmaktadır. Bu nedenle, yeni ve daha etkin yöntemlerin geliştirilmesine ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır.
Bu çalışmada, siyanür geri kazanımı için geliştirilen bu yöntemlerin/proseslerin teknik özellikleri,
birbirine göre olumlu ve olumsuz yanları detaylı olarak tartışılmıştır.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Collection
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8789-0007
Author: Elif Yılmaz (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0002-8711-0784
Author: Ersin Y. Yazıcı

Orcid: 0000-0001-9024-4196
Author: Oktay Celep

Orcid: 0000-0003-4105-0912
Author: Hacı Deveci

Bibtex @review { madencilik537646, journal = {Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi}, issn = {2564-7024}, address = {TMMOB Maden Mühendisleri Odası}, year = {2019}, volume = {58}, pages = {53 - 71}, doi = {10.30797/madencilik.537646}, title = {LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Elif and Yazıcı, Ersin Y. and Celep, Oktay and Deveci, Hacı} }
APA Yılmaz, E , Yazıcı, E , Celep, O , Deveci, H . (2019). LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ. Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi, 58 (1), 53-71. DOI: 10.30797/madencilik.537646
MLA Yılmaz, E , Yazıcı, E , Celep, O , Deveci, H . "LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 58 (2019): 53-71 <http://dergipark.org.tr/madencilik/issue/43792/537646>
Chicago Yılmaz, E , Yazıcı, E , Celep, O , Deveci, H . "LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 58 (2019): 53-71
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ AU - Elif Yılmaz , Ersin Y. Yazıcı , Oktay Celep , Hacı Deveci Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.537646 DO - 10.30797/madencilik.537646 T2 - Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 53 EP - 71 VL - 58 IS - 1 SN - 2564-7024- M3 - doi: 10.30797/madencilik.537646 UR - https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.537646 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Scientific Mining Journal LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ %A Elif Yılmaz , Ersin Y. Yazıcı , Oktay Celep , Hacı Deveci %T LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ %D 2019 %J Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi %P 2564-7024- %V 58 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30797/madencilik.537646 %U 10.30797/madencilik.537646
ISNAD Yılmaz, Elif , Yazıcı, Ersin Y. , Celep, Oktay , Deveci, Hacı . "LİÇ ATIKLARINDAN SİYANÜRÜN GERİ KAZANIMI YÖNTEMLERİ". Bilimsel Madencilik Dergisi 58 / 1 (March 2019): 53-71. https://doi.org/10.30797/madencilik.537646