Year 2018, Volume , Issue 26, Pages 375 - 404 2018-05-01

ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS
Yapı Yazıtlarında “κατασκευάζειν” Kullanımı Üzerine

Hüseyin UZUNOĞLU [1]

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Based upon the recent discussions concerning the construction chronology of the monumental fountain building (nymphaeum) at Side, this contribution makes some suggestions concerning the other possible meaning(s) of the verb of “κατασκευάζειν”, which is not infrequently attested in building inscriptions. To this end, a total of nine case studies sourced from different regions and over a wide time-span, from the Hellenistic to the Late Antique Period, were assembled and interpreted. Two of these examples are recorded from mainland Greece, i.e. the theatre building at Delphoi and an unidentifiable building at Athens. The other documents concern the Laodike fountain at Teos mentioned in the inscription of Antiochus III, the Pataran road monument (Monumentum Patarense), the governor edicts enacted for the protection and upkeep of the Aristion aqueduct at Ephesos, the donations of Opramoas of Rhodiapolis in the aftermath of the severe earthquake in Lycia in 141 A.D. (regarding in particular the bath-houses), the inscription of hydreion of Menandros at Ephesos and lastly the Neronic/Vespasianic bath from Patara. By scrutinizing all of the above evidence, this article maintains that the initial construction phase of those buildings whose inscriptions carry the verb of “κατασκευάζειν”, may not provide the exact date when the inscription was carved, contrary to what is widely believed in current scholarship. It is thereby emphasized that the verb of “κατασκευάζειν”, synonymous occasionally with “ἐπισκευάζειν”, is not limited in its meaning “to construct”, but rather, it has a wide range of meanings, such as: to reconstruct, to repair, to renovate or even to enlarge the buildings. It is therefore proposed that the dating of the constructions, if they are made relying only upon the epigraphic evidence (i.e. upon the presence of the verb of “κατασκευάζειν”), may result in faulty interpretations.
Bu makalede, Side’deki anıtsal çeşme yapısının (nymphaion) yapı kronolojisi üzerine yapılan son tartışmalardan hareketle, yapı yazıtlarında çok sık belgelenen bir fiil olan κατασκευάζειν’in başka hangi anlamlara gelebileceği konusunda bazı öneriler yapılmaktadır. Bu kapsamda Hellenistik Dönem’den Geç Antik Dönem’e kadar çeşitli zamanlardan ve farklı coğrafyalardan konuya ilişkin yazıtlar bir araya getirilerek yorumlanmıştır. Bu belgelerden iki tanesi Delphoi’daki tiyatro binası ve niteliği tam olarak saptanamayan bir yapıdan olmak üzere Kıta Yunanistan’dandır. Diğer belgeler ise III. Antiokhos yazıtında geçen Teos Laodike Çeşmesi, Monumentum Patarense olarak bilinen Patara yol anıtı, Ephesos’taki Aristion su yolunun korunması ve bakımı için çıkarılan vali kararnameleri, Rhodiapolis’li ünlü hayırsever Opramoas’ın İS 141 depreminden sonra kentlere yaptığı bağışlar (özellikle hamamlar), Ephesos’taki Menandros hydreion yazıtı ve son olarak Patara’daki Nero/Vespasianus Hamamı’dır. Makalede bu belgeler kritik edilerek, inşa yazıtlarında κατασκευάζειν geçen yapıların ilk inşa evresinin sanıldığı gibi ilgili yazıtın kazındığı tarih olmayabileceği sonucuna varılmaktadır. Böylelikle zaman zaman ἐπισκευάζειν ile eş anlamlı kullanılabilen κατασκευάζειν fiilinin sadece “inşa etmek” anlamıyla sınırlı kalmadığı, aynı zamanda “mevcut binayı yeniden inşa etmek, onarmak, yenilemek ve hatta genişletmek” gibi geniş bir anlam yelpazesine sahip olduğu vurgulanmaktadır. Dolayısıyla salt epigrafik belgelere dayanarak bu yapıların tarihlendirilmesinin hatalı sonuçlara yol açabileceğinin altı çizilmektedir.
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Hüseyin UZUNOĞLU
Institution: Akdeniz University, Faculty of Letters, Department of Ancient Languages and Cultures, Antalya/TURKEY

Dates

Publication Date: May 1, 2018

Bibtex @ { olba593095, journal = {OLBA}, issn = {1301-7667}, address = {Mersin University}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {375 - 404}, doi = {}, title = {ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS}, key = {cite}, author = {UZUNOĞLU, Hüseyin} }
APA UZUNOĞLU, H . (2018). ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS. OLBA, (26), 375-404. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/olba/issue/47136/593095
MLA UZUNOĞLU, H . "ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS". OLBA (2018): 375-404 <http://dergipark.org.tr/olba/issue/47136/593095>
Chicago UZUNOĞLU, H . "ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS". OLBA (2018): 375-404
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS AU - Hüseyin UZUNOĞLU Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - OLBA JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 375 EP - 404 VL - IS - 26 SN - 1301-7667- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 OLBA ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS %A Hüseyin UZUNOĞLU %T ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS %D 2018 %J OLBA %P 1301-7667- %V %N 26 %R %U
ISNAD UZUNOĞLU, Hüseyin . "ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS". OLBA / 26 (May 2018): 375-404.
AMA UZUNOĞLU H . ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS. Yok. 2018; (26): 375-404.
Vancouver UZUNOĞLU H . ON THE USE OF “ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΑΣΕΙΝ” IN BUILDING INSCRIPTIONS. OLBA. 2018; (26): 404-375.