Year 2019, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 65 - 79 2019-03-31

A Current Paradigm: Written Emotional Disclosure
Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum

Didem Acar [1] , Gülay Dirik [2]

177 475

It has been supposed for years that expressing feelings and thoughts about stressful or traumatic events is helpful for health. In this regard, Pennebaker developed “Written Emotional Disclosure Paradigm” that refers to the importance of not only verbal but also written disclosure of feelings and thoughts. He suggested that written emotional disclosure improves physical and psychological health. The studies pointed out that individuals who are healthy or have health problems experience positive changes in various health outcomes when they wrote for 3-4 consecutive days, for at least 15 minutes and after about 2 months from traumatic or stressful experiences. Also, important findings from studies that examine who can benefit from this paradigm attracted attention. The aim of this article is to review the structure of written emotional disclosure paradigm, its effects and benefits, mechanisms of action underlying these effects, its procedure and relationship with individual differences on the basis of the studies in the literature and to discuss the implications of these studies in terms of practice.

Stres verici ya da travmatik olaylarla ilgili duygu ve düşünceleri ifade etmenin sağlık için yararlı olduğu uzun yıllardan beri düşünülmektedir. Bu bağlamda, Pennebaker duygu ve düşüncelerin sadece sözlü değil yazılı dışavurumunun da önemine işaret ederek “yazılı duygusal dışavurum paradigmasını” geliştirmiş ve yazılı duygusal dışavurumun fiziksel ve psikolojik sağlığı geliştirdiğini vurgulamıştır. Araştırmalar, hem sağlıklı hem de sağlık sorunları olan bireylerin travmatik ya da stres verici deneyimle-rinden yaklaşık 2 ay sonra, birbirini takip eden 3-4 günde ve en az 15 dakika yazdıklarında birçok sağlık sonucunda olumlu değişim yaşadıklarına işaret etmektedir. Ayrıca bu paradigmadan kimlerin fayda sağlayabileceğini inceleyen araştırmaların önemli bulgular sunduğu da göze çarpmaktadır. Bu derleme makalesinin amacı, yazılı duygusal dışavurum paradigmasının yapısını, ortaya çıkardığı değişim ve faydaları, bu değişimlerin temelindeki etki mekanizmalarını, prosedürünü ve bireysel farklılıklar ile ilişkisini alan yazındaki araştırmalar eşliğinde gözden geçirmek ve ele alınan çalışmaların uygulama açısından doğurgularını tartışmaktır.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Review
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3823-6081
Author: Didem Acar (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5748-9180
Author: Gülay Dirik
Institution: DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @review { pgy364852, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2019}, volume = {11}, pages = {65 - 79}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.364852}, title = {Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum}, key = {cite}, author = {Acar, Didem and Dirik, Gülay} }
APA Acar, D , Dirik, G . (2019). Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, 11 (1), 65-79. DOI: 10.18863/pgy.364852
MLA Acar, D , Dirik, G . "Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 (2019): 65-79 <http://dergipark.org.tr/pgy/issue/39299/364852>
Chicago Acar, D , Dirik, G . "Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 (2019): 65-79
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum AU - Didem Acar , Gülay Dirik Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.364852 DO - 10.18863/pgy.364852 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 65 EP - 79 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.364852 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.364852 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Current Approaches in Psychiatry Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum %A Didem Acar , Gülay Dirik %T Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum %D 2019 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.364852 %U 10.18863/pgy.364852
ISNAD Acar, Didem , Dirik, Gülay . "Güncel Bir Paradigma: Yazılı Duygusal Dışavurum". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 / 1 (March 2019): 65-79. https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.364852