Year 2019, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 1 - 23 2019-03-31

Neurobiology of Suicidal Behaviour
İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi

Memduha Aydın [1] , Yunus Hacımusalar [2] , Çiçek Hocaoğlu [3]

453 669

Suicide is a phenomenon that is a world health priority, with multidimensional clinical appearance and with complex biological, social and psychological risk factors. Recent studies have revealed the complexity underlying the neurobiological mechanisms of suicide. The association between genetic transmission, serotonergic system dysfunction, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenaline axis hyperactivity, stress system, lipid metabolism, noradrenergic hyperactivity, anomaly in glial cells and signaling failure and suicidal behavior has been highlighted in particular in family, twin and adoption studies. There are also considerable evidences of morphological changes in the brain neuroimaging studies, particularly in the frontolimbic nerve and differences in the cognitive functions of the suicide attempted cases. The identification of neurobiological risk factors for suicidal behavior will play an important role in the prevention of suicide, as well as the arrangement of treatment algorithms and follow-up of treatment. The aim of this review article is to evaluate the neurobiological reasons of suicidal behavior.

İntihar, karmaşık biyolojik, sosyal ve psikolojik risk faktörlerine ve çok boyutlu klinik görünüme sahip, dünya sağlık önceliği olan bir fenomendir. Son dönemde yapılan çalışmalar intiharın nörobiyolojik mekanizmalarının altında yatan karmaşıklığı ortaya çıkarmıştır. Özellikle aile, ikiz, evlat edinme çalışmalarında genetik geçiş, serotonerjik sistem disfonksiyonu, hipotalamo-pituiter-adrenaleksen hiperaktivitesi, stres sistemi, lipid metabolizması, noradrenerjik hiperaktivite, glial hücrelerde anomali ve sinyalizasyon hatası ile intihar davranışı arasındaki ilişkiye dikkat çekilmiştir. Ayrıca intihar girişiminde bulunan olguların bilişsel işlevlerinde farklılıklar olduğu, beyin nörogörüntüleme çalış-malarında özellikle frontolimbik ağda morfolojik değişiklikler bulunduğuna ait ciddi kanıtlar elde edilmiştir. İntihar davranışına ilişkin nörobiyolojik risk faktörlerinin belirlenmesi, intiharın önlenme-sinin yanısıra tedavi algoritmalarının düzenlenmesi, tedavinin izleminde önemli rol oynayacaktır.  Bu yazıda intihar davranışının nörobiyolojik nedenlerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Review
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7679-6568
Author: Memduha Aydın (Primary Author)
Institution: SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1777-2707
Author: Yunus Hacımusalar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6613-4317
Author: Çiçek Hocaoğlu

Dates

Acceptance Date: February 18, 2018
Publication Date: March 31, 2019

Bibtex @review { pgy382119, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2019}, volume = {11}, pages = {1 - 23}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.382119}, title = {İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın, Memduha and Hacımusalar, Yunus and Hocaoğlu, Çiçek} }
APA Aydın, M , Hacımusalar, Y , Hocaoğlu, Ç . (2019). İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, 11 (1), 1-23. DOI: 10.18863/pgy.382119
MLA Aydın, M , Hacımusalar, Y , Hocaoğlu, Ç . "İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 (2019): 1-23 <http://dergipark.org.tr/pgy/issue/39299/382119>
Chicago Aydın, M , Hacımusalar, Y , Hocaoğlu, Ç . "İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 (2019): 1-23
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi AU - Memduha Aydın , Yunus Hacımusalar , Çiçek Hocaoğlu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.382119 DO - 10.18863/pgy.382119 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 23 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.382119 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.382119 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Current Approaches in Psychiatry İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi %A Memduha Aydın , Yunus Hacımusalar , Çiçek Hocaoğlu %T İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi %D 2019 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.382119 %U 10.18863/pgy.382119
ISNAD Aydın, Memduha , Hacımusalar, Yunus , Hocaoğlu, Çiçek . "İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 11 / 1 (March 2019): 1-23. https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.382119
AMA Aydın M , Hacımusalar Y , Hocaoğlu Ç . İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi. pgy. 2019; 11(1): 1-23.
Vancouver Aydın M , Hacımusalar Y , Hocaoğlu Ç . İntihar Davranışının Nörobiyolojisi. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2019; 11(1): 23-1.