Year 2018, Volume , Issue , Pages 444 - 449 2018-12-31

The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose
The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose

Abdullah ARIN [1] , Hesna Rüveyda AYDIN [2] , Sabri ERBAŞ [3] , Ali COŞKAN [4]

18 56

Oil-bearing rose (Rosa damascena Mill.), which the most important rose species used in essential oil production in the world, is performed in Lake Region where 85% of production realized in Isparta, Turkey. Each year, oil-bearing rose pruned within February and March in the region, therefore, considerable amount of pruning residues burning in the field causing significant damage to the soil organic matter content. This research was carried out to determine the effect of biochar that is obtained from oil-bearing rose pruning residues on the flower yield and essential oil content of the oil-bearing rose. Collected residues were subject to 400 °C heat treatment in oxygen free environment, afterwards obtained biochar applied to oil-bearing rose plant at 500, 1000 and 2000 kg ha-1 doses. Biochar application increased daily flower yield quantity; however, no evidence was found if biochar is providing earliness. Based on the overall mean values, biochar application was improved total flower yield significantly compared to the control. The highest essential oil content was determined in the areas where the highest biochar dose applied as 2000 kg ha-1.

Oil-bearing rose (Rosa damascena Mill.), which the most important rose species used in essential oil production in the world, is performed in Lake Region where 85% of production realized in Isparta, Turkey. Each year, oil-bearing rose pruned within February and March in the region, therefore, considerable amount of pruning residues burning in the field causing significant damage to the soil organic matter content. This research was carried out to determine the effect of biochar that is obtained from oil-bearing rose pruning residues on the flower yield and essential oil content of the oil-bearing rose. Collected residues were subject to 400 °C heat treatment in oxygen free environment, afterwards obtained biochar applied to oil-bearing rose plant at 500, 1000 and 2000 kg ha-1 doses. Biochar application increased daily flower yield quantity; however, no evidence was found if biochar is providing earliness. Based on the overall mean values, biochar application was improved total flower yield significantly compared to the control. The highest essential oil content was determined in the areas where the highest biochar dose applied as 2000 kg ha-1.

Rosa damascena, biochar, flower yield, essential oil content
  • Anonymous 2004. Sebzecilik 2. Tarim ve Koy Işleri Bakanligi Yaygin Ciftci Egitim Projesi.
  • Baydar, 2015. Yag Gulu Tarimi ve Endustrisi Prof. Dr. Hasan BAYDAR Suleyman Demirel Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Tarla Bitkileri Bolumu, pp. 1-4.
  • Boyle, S., Ardill, J., 1989. The Greenhouse Effect: A Partical Guide to the World's Changing Climate, London:Hodder and Stoughton.
  • Castaldi, S., Riondino, M., Baronti, S., Esposito, F.R., Marzaioli, R., Rutigliano, F.A., Vaccari, F.P., Miglietta, F., 2011. Impact of biochar application to a Mediterranean wheat crop on soil microbial activity and greenhouse gas fluxes. Chemosphere 85:1464-1471.
  • Chan, K. Y., Xu, Z., 2010. Biochar: Nutrient Properties and Their Enhancement. In: J. Lehmann & S. Joseph (Eds) Biochar for environmental management: science and technology. pp:67-84. London Earthscan. ISBN:184407658X/9781844076581.
  • Demirbas, A., Karakoy, T., Durukan, H., Erdem, H., 2017. The Impacts of the Biochar Addition in Different Doses on Yield and Nutrient Uptake of the Chickpea Plant (Cicer Arietinum L.) under the Conditions With and Without Incubation. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(12A) pp. 8328-8336.
  • Ding, Y., Liu, Y.X., Wu, W.X., Shi, D.Z., Yang, M., Zhong, Z.K., 2010. Evaluation of biochar effects on nitrogen retention and leaching in multi-layered soil columns. Water Air Soil Pollution. 213:47-55.
  • Erbas, S., Baydar, H., 2016. Variation in scent compounds of oil-bearing rose (Rosa damascena Mill.) produced by headspace solid phase microextraction, hydrodistillation and solvent extraction. Records of Natural Products, 10 (5): 555-565.
  • Glaser, B., Lehmann, J. & Zech, W. 2002. Ameliorating physical and chemical properties of highly weathered soils in the tropics with charcoal – a review. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35, 219–230.
  • Laird, D., Fleming, P., Wang, B., Horton, R., Karlen, D., 2010. Biochar impact on nutrient leaching from a Midwestern agricultural soil. Geoderma. 158:436-442.
  • Lehmann, J., Rillig, M.C., Thies, J., Masiello, A.C., Hockaday, W. C., Crowley, D., 2010. Biochar effects on soil biota-A review. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43:1812-1836.
  • Liang, B., Lehmann, J. & Solomon, D. 2006. Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Science Society of America
  • Luo, Y., Durenkamp, M., DeNobili, M., Lin, Q., Brookes, P.C., 2011. Short term soil priming effects and mineralisation of Biochar following its incorporation to soils of different pH. Soil Bology & Biochemistry. 43:2304-2314.
  • Prendergast-Miller, M.T., Duvall, M., Sohi, S.P., 2011. Localization of nitrate in the rhizosphere of Biochar-amanded soil. Soil Biology & Biochemistry. 43:2243-2246
  • Schmidt, M.W.I. & Noack, A.G. 2000. Black carbon in soils and sediments: analysis, distribution, implications, and current challenges. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14, 777–793.
  • Sohi, S., Krull, E., Lopez-Capel, E., Bol, R., 2010. A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. Advances in Agronomy. 105:47-82.
  • Yanai, Y., Toyota, K., Okazaki, M., 2007. Effects of charcoal addition on N2O emissions from soil resulting from rewetting air-dried soil in short-term laboratory experiments. Soil Science & Plant Nutrition. 53:181-188.
  • Zavollini, C., Alberti, G., Biasiol, S., Vedove, G.D., Fornasier, F., Liu, J., Peressotti, A., 2011. Microbial mineralization of biochar and wheat straw mixture in soil: A short term study. Applied Soil Ecology. 50:45-51.
Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research
Authors

Author: Abdullah ARIN
Institution: Süleyman Demirel University
Country: Turkey


Author: Hesna Rüveyda AYDIN
Institution: Süleyman Demirel University

Author: Sabri ERBAŞ
Institution: Süleyman Demirel University

Author: Ali COŞKAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Süleyman Demirel University

Bibtex @conference paper { sduzfd456139, journal = {SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-9984}, address = {Süleyman Demirel University}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {444 - 449}, doi = {}, title = {The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose}, key = {cite}, author = {ARIN, Abdullah and AYDIN, Hesna Rüveyda and ERBAŞ, Sabri and COŞKAN, Ali} }
APA ARIN, A , AYDIN, H , ERBAŞ, S , COŞKAN, A . (2018). The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose. SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, (), 444-449. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/sduzfd/issue/40528/456139
MLA ARIN, A , AYDIN, H , ERBAŞ, S , COŞKAN, A . "The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose". SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi (2018): 444-449 <http://dergipark.org.tr/sduzfd/issue/40528/456139>
Chicago ARIN, A , AYDIN, H , ERBAŞ, S , COŞKAN, A . "The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose". SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi (2018): 444-449
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose AU - Abdullah ARIN , Hesna Rüveyda AYDIN , Sabri ERBAŞ , Ali COŞKAN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 444 EP - 449 VL - IS - SN - 1304-9984- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose %A Abdullah ARIN , Hesna Rüveyda AYDIN , Sabri ERBAŞ , Ali COŞKAN %T The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose %D 2018 %J SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-9984- %V %N %R %U
ISNAD ARIN, Abdullah , AYDIN, Hesna Rüveyda , ERBAŞ, Sabri , COŞKAN, Ali . "The Effect of Biochar Obtained From Pruning Residue of Oil-Bearing Rose on Flower Yield and Essential Oil Content of Oil-Bearing Rose". SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi / (December 2019): 444-449.