Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 37 - 64 2018-12-28

İngiltere’nin Körfeze Yönelik Post- Kolonyal Dış Politikası (1971-1991): Alternatif Bir Yaklaşım
Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach

ESRA CAVUSOGLU [1]

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İngilterenin 1971de Basra Körfezinden çekilmesi ile bölgede yeni siyasi dönem başlamıştır. İran ve Suudi Arabistan bölgede İngilterenin bıraktığı güç boşluğunu doldurma yolunda bölgesel statükonun korunma görevini üstlenmişlerdir. İran, Şah’ın devrilmesi ile sonuçlanan 1979 Iran Devrimine kadar bölgede stratejik batı müttefiki olarak kalmıştır. 1979dan itibaren batının bölgedeki askeri müttefikliği sona eren İran, İngiliz dış politikasında bölgesel güvenlik ve istikrarın önündeki önde gelen iç tehdit olarak tanımlanmıştır. Böylece, İngilterenin bölgeye yönelik dış politikasında Anglo-Amerikan ittifakı çerçevesinde Körfezin güvenlikleştirilmesi paralelinde mezhep ayrımcılığı’ yaklaşımı benimsenmiştir. Bu çalışmada, İran devrimi akabinde İngilterenin Körfeze yönelik dış politikasında gözlemlenen politika değişimi İngiliz dış politika kaynaklarına dayalı olarak incelenmiştir. Bu çalışmanın temel argümanı İngilterenin bölgeye yönelik post-kolonyal dış politikasında İran Devrimi sonrasında benimsenen mezhep ayrımcılığına dayalı söylemin, 1971-1991 periyodunda bölgenin güvenlikleştirilmesinde etkin bir araç olarak işlev görmüş olduğudur. Bu dönemde Basra Körfezinin güvenlikleştirilmesi İran-Irak Savaşı (1980-1988) ve Körfez Savaşları (1990-91) sonucunda önemli bir derinlik kazanmıştır.

By the British withdrawal from the Persian Gulf in 1971, a new era started in the region with the new political order and new security map. Iran and the Kingdom of the Saudi Arabia emerged as the guardians of the status quo to be filling the power vacuum left by the British in behalf of the West. Iran was a strategic Western ally until the fall of the Shah resulted by the Iranian revolution in 1979. After 1979, Iran, no longer a Western military ally, has been determined as the major internal threat for the regional security and stability following the major external threat of the Soviet expansion in the British foreign policy. The British foreign policy towards the region adopted a sectarianist approach that went along with the securitization of the Gulf within the determinants of the Anglo-American alliance towards the regional security. The shift in the British foreign policy towards the regional security in the aftermath of the Iranian revolution is analysed at this work based on the British foreign policy documents. This work argues that the sectarianist discourse adopted by the post-colonial British foreign policy was functioned as an effective tool of the securitization of the Gulf which was deepened during the regional conflicts such as the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88) and the Gulf War (1990-91).

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Published Date 2018/2
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Author: ESRA CAVUSOGLU
Institution: ISTANBUL 29 MAYIS UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { tocd470598, journal = {Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2147-7523}, eissn = {2630-5631}, address = {Sakarya University}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {37 - 64}, doi = {10.26513/tocd.470598}, title = {Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach}, key = {cite}, author = {CAVUSOGLU, ESRA} }
APA CAVUSOGLU, E . (2018). Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi, 5 (2), 37-64. DOI: 10.26513/tocd.470598
MLA CAVUSOGLU, E . "Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 5 (2018): 37-64 <http://dergipark.org.tr/tocd/issue/40232/470598>
Chicago CAVUSOGLU, E . "Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 5 (2018): 37-64
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach AU - ESRA CAVUSOGLU Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.470598 DO - 10.26513/tocd.470598 T2 - Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 37 EP - 64 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - 2147-7523-2630-5631 M3 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.470598 UR - https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.470598 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach %A ESRA CAVUSOGLU %T Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach %D 2018 %J Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi %P 2147-7523-2630-5631 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26513/tocd.470598 %U 10.26513/tocd.470598
ISNAD CAVUSOGLU, ESRA . "Britain’s Post-Colonial Foreign Policy Towards the Persian Gulf Security (1971-1991): An Alternative Approach". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 5 / 2 (December 2018): 37-64. https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.470598